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3. Be creative.

Hiring managers aren’t going to finish reading your cover letter if they are bored after the first line. A strong intro should highlight experiences, years of work or something specific from the job posting, suggested Kyser.

“Hiring managers often pay even less attention to cover letters than they do resumes, so having something more than ‘I am applying for the position and such and such’ in your first paragraph is key,” she told Business News Daily.

Another way you can make your cover letter pop is to include a brief story that connects you to the company through its mission and/or product. “This exercise will undoubtedly separate you from the majority of other candidates,” said Kenneth Johnson, president of East Coast Executives.

4. Mention referrals.

If you were introduced or connected to a hiring manager by a specific employee at the company or a mutual industry contact, include that person’s name in your cover letter (with their permission).

“Candidates can include referrals in a cover letter to make them stand out,” said Bill Peppler, COO of staffing firm Kavaliro. “They should always gain permission for this before they name-drop, but the cover letter gives a great opportunity to include the name of someone that can vouch for your skills.”

5. Address potential resume concerns.

A well-crafted cover letter does more than explain why you’re the right person for the job. It also gives you the chance to explain items on your resume that might otherwise be considered red flags.

“Address any issues that may give a hiring manager pause, such as gaps in employment,” said Diane Domeyer Kock, senior vice president and managing director at Robert Half.

6. Don’t just repeat your resume.

While your cover letter should reference material from your resume, it shouldn’t simply be a word-for-word repeat, said Jane Trnka, former executive director of the career resources center for business graduate students at Rollins College. Use the cover letter to expand where necessary and discuss your listed experiences from a different angle.

“Craft the letter to acknowledge the requirements of the role and culture of the organization, while highlighting the skills and experiences that align with the job description,” Trnka told Business News Daily.


A cover letter is a great place to discuss any volunteer efforts or side projects that may not be on your resume but are relevant to the job you’re applying for.

7. Proofread and fact-check.

As with any other job application materials, it’s imperative to check and double-check your cover letter for any grammatical or factual errors. Even the smallest mistake can make a bad impression on the person reading your letter.

“If there are errors of any kind, it’s a huge red flag,” said Guryan Tighe, leadership coach and founder of Fourage. “This is your one opportunity to impress [the hiring manager] and show who you are. If there are typos, misspellings, or formatting issues, it’s generally an automatic out.”

8. Keep it brief.

Hiring managers are busy and usually have a lot of applications to look at. Keeping your cover letter concise and to the point will improve your chances of it being read and makes the hiring manager’s job easier – which is always a good thing.

“The best cover letters can [be] concise, friendly and transparent,” said Chris Wood, president of Paige Technologies. “The best cover letters get right to the heart of why we are a great fit for them, and why they are the best fit for us.”

Sean Peek, Saige Driver and Brittney Morgan contributed to the writing and reporting in this article. Source interviews were conducted for a previous version of this article.

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8 Hypothyroidism Medication Mistakes To Avoid

When the thyroid gland does not make or secrete enough thyroid hormone, a condition known as hypothyroidism occurs.

The thyroid gland is a crucial component of the body’s regulatory system. The thyroid, which has the shape of a butterfly, is an organ located near the base of the throat, below Adam’s apple. TSH keeps T3 (thyroxine) and T4 (triiodothyronine) in check by activating the thyroid gland to produce them.

Levothyroxine, a synthetic version of thyroxine, treats hypothyroidism and restores normal thyroid hormone levels in most patients. However, people make some typical blunders when utilizing these drugs, and a few of them are discussed in the following section.

Not Telling your Doctor you are Going to take Supplements

Your doctor should know about supplements you take, like iodine, because they may change how your hypothyroidism is treated. Even though your body needs iodine to make thyroid hormones, most people in the United States get enough iodine from the food and water they eat and drink. Too much iodine can cause thyroid hormone levels to go too high or too low, so avoiding this supplement is best.

Missing Thyroid Medicines

It’s normal to forget to take your thyroid medicine occasionally. It might be challenging for some people to remember to simultaneously take their thyroid medicine every day. But if you forget to take your medicine, then it can severely impact your health. It can lead to abnormal behavior in your body’s glands.

Lunch and Snacktime Dosing for Thyroid Medication

If you want your body to absorb the synthetic thyroid hormone properly, you must do it on an empty stomach and wait for at least 45 to 60 minutes before eating.

You can achieve this goal most efficiently by taking your thyroid medicine in the morning. To ensure they take their prescription on an empty stomach, the patients set the alarm at 5 a.m., take the medication, and then go back to sleep. You should wait at least four hours after eating to take your thyroid medication at night if you do so.

Combining Thyroid Medication and Coffee Changing Your Medication Without Consulting Your Doctor

Birth control pills, estrogen, testosterone, seizure medications, and some antidepressants can all interfere with your body’s ability to absorb thyroid hormone, as the American Thyroid Association (ATA) reports.

However, you should inform your doctor if you plan to use any other medications other than those listed above. Finding the optimal thyroid hormone dosage will likely only require some trial and error.

You should also visit your doctor if you decide to stop taking any of these medications or make any other changes to how you take them since your thyroid hormone dosage may need to be adjusted.

Thinking It’s No Huge Thing to Switch Brands of Medicine

According to the ATA, there is no difference in the amount of thyroid replacement hormone found in brand-name and generic thyroid medications.

Although the ADA acknowledges that there is no discernible difference in hormone content between brands, many endocrinologists believe that there is and that additional elements can interfere with the hormone’s absorption with each brand.

So, you shouldn’t switch brands, generics, or brand names when filling a prescription at the pharmacy unless your doctor gives you the green light.

Overusing Thyroid Hormone Under the False Impression That it is safe

There is little reason to concern if you take too much of the synthetic thyroid hormone T4. However, the Cleveland Clinic warns that taking too much of it might have negative effects, such as drowsiness, trouble sleeping or concentrating, bone loss, and irregular heartbeats.

If you have taken more of your medication than was intended, you should contact your doctor immediately.

Not Regularly Taking Your Thyroid Medication

Your treatment will be most effective if you adhere to the prescribed dosing schedule. The effectiveness of your prescription may change if you skip doses, take it in the morning one day and the evening the next, or take it with food some days and on an empty stomach other days.

The APA recommends taking medication simultaneously and in the same manner daily. If you have trouble remembering to take your medication appropriately, try using a pillbox or an alarm on your phone.


Your doctor will determine the appropriate dosage for Hypothyroidism. This depends on several factors, including your thyroid hormone levels, body mass index (BMI), age, gender, and the medication’s strength.

Your doctor has determined the best dose for you, so always take it exactly as written on the label. Your doctor will check your blood for thyroid hormone levels to see if your treatment has the desired effect or if you need a different dosage.

To treat hypothyroidism, levothyroxine is often started at a low dose of 100 mcg once daily and increased by 25 mcg every four to six weeks. Adjustments are normally made gradually once every six to eight weeks for people over 50 and/or with cardiovascular disease.

Blogging Mistakes That You Should Avoid

Blogging Mistakes that You Should Avoid

Now blogging is considered as a serious option even by the largest organizations around the world. They have a separate blog section on their sites to spread-word about their products & services.

Whether you are a blogger or an amateur it doesn’t matter. One of the important aspects of blogging is to avoid blogging mistakes. These mistakes not only harm your business reputation, but can also cause serious revenue losses.

10 Blogging Mistakes that You Should Avoid

This simple degeneration may cost you time & money for no good reason.

Also Read: How to Start WordPress Blog for Free in 6 Easy Steps

Lack of research: If you don’t research enough before writing a blog it is simply a brain dump. You are not providing any valuable or useful information to your readers. If you simply write what interests you without proper topic & keyword research, then chances are high readers will not stick to your blog for a long time. Another important thing is using data as evidence to build creditability of your content.

Missing on internal linking: Proper internal linking to other useful resources from your blog not only makes your blog information-rich, but it will also help you spread blog authority equally to all pages. It is useful SEO practice you can follow for improved results.

Also Read : Benefits of Blogging for Business in 2023

Unorganized publishing: Readers simply don’t read your complete blog at first instead they scan & skim the content. The general mistake blogger, do is they write well-researched piece of content but forget to organize it for better reading. Here, you should write short paragraphs, use bullet-points & numbers, use headings & subheadings, use proper introduction & conclusion part, and follow similar practices for better readability. You can even use best SEO tools to know readability score of your content and understand other important aspects of your content.

Writing thin content: Writing thin & poor-quality content is a mistake that is unavoidable. If you write for crawlers instead of user intent, then it will surely backfire. Plagiarism is also an important aspect you should take care of. To avoid thin and poor-quality content you should do in-depth research of topic, do keyword research and write long-form content to provide enough knowledge to readers about the topic.

Lack of editorial calendar: Most bloggers miss on consistency part when it comes to blogging regularly. If you don’t have writing schedule and editorial calendar, then your blogging efforts may go in vain. Thus, you should write with consistency on regular intervals to provide useful information to your readers.

Wrong CTA placement: Using wrong CTA placement may not generate expected outcome when you are writing long-form content. As studies suggest, almost 60% of the readers don’t read complete content, thus you can’t rely on only 40% readers who read till the end and place CTA at the end of the blog. Thus, try placing CTA in the middle of the content where suitable.

Also Read: Learn the Art of Blogging with These Tips & Tricks

Missing on crucial analytics report: Tracking analytics is a good practice to know traffic and user behavior, but if you solely review temporary traffic you may fail to understand future traffic changes from your present report. Temporary traffic may arise by sending emails, social media sharing, and similar ways that don’t last long. Thus, you should keep tab on organic traffic that is coming from search engines organically when you plan your content and SEO strategy.


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Mistakes To Avoid When Buying Parts For A Gaming Pc

At a time when video card prices keep going up, it’s important to know how to best spend your money. People that work in marketing are certainly doing their jobs well, impressing with big numbers, cool designs, press articles and so on. You might be tempted to get that “deal” on 32GB of RAM that runs at 3600MHz just because those numbers look impressive. But that won’t boost your game FPS as much as you might think. In fact, the improvement is usually so small, it’s basically wasted money.

Just because you are building a high-end gaming PC doesn’t mean you have to pay an insane price for every single part. Here are some mistakes people make when buying parts for a gaming PC and how you can avoid them.

Don’t Buy “Gaming OC” Video Cards

This might seem counter-intuitive. You’re a gamer: you want the best. You don’t want that regular RTX 2080 Grandma is using. You want that beast: “RTX 2080 Gaming OC eXtreme Edition.” But slapping the words “gaming” and “OC” (overclock) next to video card names is simply a marketing trick to make people pay more for almost the same hardware. Not to say that this applies to all gaming hardware. For example, a gaming mouse may be worth the extra price.

When a manufacturer launches a video card, it’s in their best interest to push their hardware to the (safest) limit. It would make no sense that a regular 2080 would score, say, 10,000 points in a benchmark, while the gaming version would score 12,500. It would mean that the entire team of engineers at a huge manufacturer left 25% of performance on the table.

“Gaming” video cards are simply slightly overclocked versions of the regular card. In some cases they may also have better cooling, but that’s it. That means that you might get, say, 5% more FPS in your favorite game.

However, the price for a gaming card is usually much, much higher than that of the regular version. So you might pay 30% more money for 5% more performance, which is clearly not a win for you. Furthermore, you can overclock a regular card just as well, and you will get the same boost in performance.

This means that rather than paying 30% more for a “gaming card,” just pay 30% more for another (regular) card that is 30% better (or in the vicinity of that).

RAM Frequency Is Not Important in Games

Not to say that it doesn’t matter at all, but double the RAM frequency won’t give you double performance. Not even 50%. If you upgrade from, say, ancient 1333Mhz to 2666, you might get 10% more FPS as a best-case scenario. The improvements are usually much smaller than that. It does depend on how the game is coded, but most games won’t see significant boosts in FPS. That’s simply because the video card processes frames internally and rarely needs to access data in your system RAM while it’s rendering.

RAM speed may give you significant improvements in other areas, such as compiling programs, rendering videos, photos, etc., but it matters very little in gaming. So just pick a respectable brand of RAM and pay no attention to frequency. If lower frequency is cheaper, buy that and invest the money you saved in a better video card. You will see much higher improvements.

And, just like “gaming” video cards, just because it looks cool and claims to be optimized for games, it doesn’t mean it’s worth the extra money.

Don’t Judge a CPU by Generation and Number of Cores

There is a huge difference in performance, between a first-generation Intel CPU and a second-generation. But when you go from second-gen to third, you won’t see significant gains. Sometimes a new generation brings improvements to the integrated GPU: lower power requirements and new features introduced.

But in terms of how fast it can process data, the improvements may be very small. It depends on what the engineers tried to improve on that specific new generation.

The rule of thumb is the same as above: don’t pay 50% more money for 10% improvements.

Think of single-threaded performance as how fast the CPU can respond. The faster it responds, the faster the video card can know what image to render. And think of cores as how many things at once the CPU can do.

Consult benchmark results to decide on your CPU. For example, if you google “i7-7700K passmark,” you will find this benchmark. Then google “ryzen 7 1800x passmark” if you think that CPU might be better and cost less. While the total score is higher, the single-thread rating is much lower.


We hope you’ll be able to save a few dollars by avoiding unnecessary upgrades, and reinvest it where it matters most: a better video card. May it never let you fall under 60FPS ever again! Well, at least for a few years.

Alexandru Andrei

Fell in love with computers when he was four years old. 27 years later, the passion is still burning, fueling constant learning. Spends most of his time in terminal windows and SSH sessions, managing Linux desktops and servers.

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5 Common Paypal Scams And How To Avoid Them

Since its start eighteen years ago, PayPal has become one of the de-facto ways to send money online. While it is a very reliable service by itself, scammers can still find loopholes and escape routes to dodge PayPal’s anti-scam precautions. Here are a few ways scammers cheat people on PayPala and how to avoid them.

1. Fake “Money Received” Emails

Affects you as a: Seller

One scam involves someone agreeing to send you money for an item. Usually, PayPal will send you an email to notify you when you receive money. This trick, however, involves the scammer sending a fake email to you impersonating PayPal, saying that the money has been sent. The key is to trick you into thinking they have paid, prompting you to send the item. The scammer has your item, but you get no money.

Solution 2. Refunding “Overpayments” Affects you as a: Seller

You’re selling an item and have already agreed on a price for the product and postage. When a buyer sends you the money, you notice they’ve paid slightly more than agreed. The buyer will claim this was an accident or that it’s for additional shipping fees via a company they’ve selected. Either way, they will then ask you to wire the extra money, either to them or their “shipping company.”

The buyer may be purchasing your item with a stolen account or credit card. If the account is flagged as compromised, the bank will take back any fraudulent transactions, including the payment you received for your item. Because you wired some of the stolen money back out of your account, the scammer gets to keep the product and the extra money, leaving you with nothing.


If you notice someone has overpaid, you should be able to refund them through PayPal before you send the item. If you can’t, or you already accepted the payment, it’s worth opening a support ticket with PayPal to figure out what to do next.

3. Changing Delivery Details

Affects you as a: Seller

You’ve successfully sold an item when the buyer wants to change how the package is sent. Perhaps they want you to use their shipping company account, as they claim it’ll be cheaper. The problem is by putting the delivery in the buyer’s hands, you give them the ability to exploit it. If you use their shipping service, they can tell the company to redirect the package elsewhere. If you send to ab address different than the one on PayPal’s transaction details, it’s out of PayPal’s domain.

When the buyer recovers the item, they then dispute the sale and say they never received it. Usually you can dispute this with a recorded delivery tied to the address mentioned on the PayPal transaction. However, because the seller shifted the delivery away, you either have no verification or verification of delivery to a totally different address than the one listed on PayPal’s records. As such, you can’t argue your ground.


Always take charge of the delivery. Use your own shipping accounts and don’t allow the buyer to wrestle the responsibility off of you. If someone legitimately gave the wrong address and wants it changed, resolve the issue via PayPal so they know of the address change.

4. Using “Friends And Family” for Business Payments

Affects you as a: Buyer

You’ve agreed to buy an item when the seller has a great idea. You could send money the normal way, but that incurs PayPal fees they’d rather not have you pay. Instead, they give you their email and ask you to send the money via PayPal Friends And Family, which is free of fees.

Unfortunately, the fees are there for a good reason; it’s so PayPal can protect you! Friends And Family is meant to be used for people you know well. There are no fees included because it’s a simple money transfer. It’s designed to be used for gifts, payments for favors, or simply paying back people. There’s no transaction tied to the transfer, so there’s no coverage or protection should the seller not send the product.


As much as it feels bad to pay fees, it’s worth it! Always do a proper transaction when buying items, and never use Friends And Family for anything more than paying back someone close to you. It’s also against PayPal’s user agreement for a seller to ask for a Friends And Family payment for a business transaction, so report it if you can.

5. Attempting To Dodge a PayPal Transaction Affects you as a: Buyer, Seller Solution

If you entered a deal with PayPal in mind, don’t back down. If someone cannot meet you on the original terms, do not do business with them, no matter how alluring their counteroffer is.

Scammers Aren’t Your Pal

Even though PayPal is the most trusted payment service on the Internet, there are ways around its security. Now you know how scammers operate, the tricks they use, and how to dodge them.

How often have you seen PayPal scams on the Internet? Have you witnessed them first hand? Let us know below!

Simon Batt

Simon Batt is a Computer Science graduate with a passion for cybersecurity.

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How To Change Your Instagram Reels Cover

As the world continues to regulate its business with Chinese businesses and services, TikTok is facing the harshest decisions against them. To lure as many users as they could from this situation, Instagram has launched a Reels section that lets users create short-form videos of up to 15 seconds with their desired audio.

➤ What is Instagram Reels and how do you get it

What is an Instagram Reels cover?

Related: How To Duet On Instagram Reels

How to change the cover photo of your Instagram Reels before posting it

You can change the cover picture of your Instagram Reels when you’re about to post it. To get to the part where you change the Reels cover, you first need to record a Reels video by opening the Stories camera, tap on the right arrow to confirm the recording, and then tap on the arrow icon on the bottom right corner.

➤ How To Record And Edit Clips for Reels on Instagram

You will now be taken to the ‘Share’ screen of Reels which lets you finalize bits and parts of your Reels video. To change the cover picture of your Reels video, tap on the box labeled ‘Cover’ on the left-hand side of the caption section.

In the next step, you can either set your cover pictures from a frame present inside the video or choose an image from your gallery.

Choosing a frame from your Reels video

When you tap on the cover box inside the Share screen, you will be taken to the ‘Cover’ screen. If you wish to choose a frame to be set as your cover picture, slide over the frame bar at the bottom, to view from a selection of frames that are available inside the video you’re about to post as reels.

Once you’ve made up your mind about which frame to set, tap on the frame, and check the preview image at the top to re-check your selection. When that’s sorted, tap on the ‘Done’ button on the top right corner and then hit the ‘Share’ button to upload your Reels video. Your video will be visible with the cover picture you choose inside your profile’s Reels tab.

Related: How to get famous on Instagram Reels

Selecting a picture to upload as cover

In this screen, you won’t directly notice the option to add an image from the gallery at first glance. You will have to scroll down to see it and then tap on the ‘Add from Gallery’ button at the bottom. Select a picture from your library and then tap on ‘Done’.

You can now upload your Reels with the selected picture by tapping on the ‘Share’ button at the bottom and you will now be able to see your Reels video with the cover picture that you uploaded from inside the Reels tab on your account.

How to change the cover photo of your Instagram Reels after posting it

You will only be able to add location, caption, or tag people when editing a Reels video that’s uploaded on your profile grid. To do that, tap on the video from your main profile tab (not the Reels tab), hit the 3-dots icon at the top right corner, and select the ‘Edit’ option. This option isn’t, however, available to the Reels video.

You can then re-upload your Reels video by following the process mentioned above.


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