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Using your home network is as easy as typing in a password and opening your Netflix app to watch a movie, but your network and everything that’s needed for it to work so seamlessly are probably the most complex and unique devices you own.

Home networks exist to let digital devices talk to each other and to other devices out in the world over a global network called the internet. While you don’t need to understand precisely how your home network functions to enjoy it, spending some time under the hood will both give you an appreciation for the tech and make troubleshooting problems that come along easier.

Table of Contents

Your Home Network Is a Mini Internet

The internet is short for ‘internetwork’, a global network of connected LANs (Local Area Networks) that includes web servers, streaming and cloud services, gaming servers, and much more.

Your home network is the same thing, but just smaller and confined to your chúng tôi you want to know more about how your home network is like a mini internet, check out Who Owns the Internet? Web Architecture Explained for a straightforward explanation of the complex machine that is the internet.

Your Home Network Speaks a Special Language

Apart from physically resembling the internet as a whole, another critical way your home network and the internet are the same is the “language” they speak. Today the universal network protocol is TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol), and it’s key to making data go where it’s supposed to.

In a TCP/IP network, all data sent over the network is broken up into “packets.” Imagine turning a picture into a jigsaw puzzle with thousands of pieces. Then take each piece and put it in an envelope individually. On the envelope, write the address of the sender and the receiver. Also include information in each envelope describing where each piece goes to reconstruct the original image.

Now, mail thousands of envelopes to the recipient, and they rebuild it on their end. It doesn’t matter if the envelopes arrive out of order, but if any go missing, you’ll get letters back asking for new copies of the missing pieces.

Basic Home Network Topography

We’ll explain the job of each network component in detail below, but to help you get oriented, let’s sketch out what a typical home network looks like today.

Your network has several key components:

The modem connects you to the WAN (Internet)

The router manages traffic between devices on the LAN and between those devices and the WAN.

The network hardware connections, usually ethernet cables or Wi-Fi radio transmitters and receivers.

Client devices, like computers or Android and iOS smartphones. 

Server devices, which can also be equipment like computers and smartphones.

Optional network extenders, which help spread your network’s physical footprint through your home. Examples include wireless access points, Powerline extenders, and Wi-Fi repeaters.

There are many different ways to build a home network, but most of these components are present in every home network. Other components can stand-in for some of these. For example, if you simply wanted to network a group of computers together, you could use an Ethernet switch or network hub. However, this basic sketch covers 99% of what’s out there.

Now that we’ve drawn the rough outlines of a home network, we’ll dive a little deeper into every major component.

The Modem Lets You Talk to the Internet

Before modern broadband internet, internet access worked through a modem (modulator/demodulator) which sent and received high- or low- pitched audio signals over copper voice lines, representing binary code.

These “dial-up” modems are all but obsolete now and do not provide much bandwidth, although they are still used in a few rare cases where nothing else is possible. These days the word modem is used to refer to just about any device that converts one kind of network signal to another, even if both signals are, in fact, digital.

One example of digital-to-digital conversion is the common fiber modem, which takes optical signals and puts out electrical pulses over Ethernet cables. DSL modems use the same copper wire as phone lines but use a different frequency band from voice calls, so you can connect to the internet and make calls simultaneously. Cellular modems connect to cell phone towers via radio waves—satellite modems beam information to and from orbit, and so on.

In some networks, the modem is a separate device, and in others, it’s combined with your wireless router, which happens to be our next stop on this home network tour.

The Router Sits at the Heart of Your Network

The router is at the heart of any home network and performs a wide range of essential jobs:

Routing network traffic between devices, between Ethernet and LAN, and between internal and external networks.

DNS (Domain Name Service) server detection and routing.

Is internally similar to a computer with CPU, RAM, and OS. Some routers can run apps.

Assigns and manages IP addresses on the LAN using DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol).

There’s more to routers than these core functions, but that’s the key list of things a router does. Routing between different types of networks (fiber WAN, Ethernet, Wi-Fi, etc.) is what makes a router a router, setting it apart from network switches and hubs.

The router assigns IP addresses to internal network devices, making sure that there are no conflicts. It keeps track of which device makes which request of devices on the internet in a table known as a NAT (Network Address Table), since servers on the internet can only see the router itself and its “public” IP address.

Some high-end routers can run custom applications to act as network storage or streaming servers. Even if your router doesn’t ship with this ability, you may have the option of installing custom third-party firmware to add those features.

Your Local Servers

A server is a device on a network that offers a service such as content or network-based applications. When you visit a website or download a file from the internet, that content is hosted on a server computer somewhere out in the world. When you use cloud apps like Google Docs, that software and data live on a server.

Your local network has at least one server, and that’s your router. Every router has a basic web server that acts as an interface to change settings. When you’re connected to the router and type in its IP address in a browser, you’re taken to a website that’s hosted by the router itself.

If you have a Wi-Fi printer, that’s also a print server that handles print requests. Many people have NAS (Network-attached storage devices) or media servers (such as Plex) running on their network. Some things you might not think of as servers also qualify. Your IP camera is also a server. It’s a video streaming server!

Networked Peripherals

Traditionally peripherals like scanners and printers are connected directly to a specific computer. However, it’s far more common in a modern household to have many different computers that need access to these types of devices. You can share a printer on the local network rather than having everyone use the same computer whenever they need to print something.

Using the print sharing feature in the computer’s operating system makes it possible to use a normal printer connected to a computer as a shared printer. Still, these days it’s easy to simply buy a printer, scanner, or multifunction device (MFD) with Wi-Fi or Ethernet and have it act as a standalone shared resource on the network.

Network Clients in Your Home

Apart from local servers on your home network, the other devices are generally known as clients, which pull information from remote and local servers. Examples of local network clients include:

Computers, consoles, and mobile devices.

Internet of Things (IoT) devices such as smart fridges and robot vacuum cleaners.

Anything that receives data from a server device is a client, although any device can be both at the same time.

Computers, Consoles, and Mobile Devices Wired and Wireless Connections

There have been a few different connection standards for networks over the years, but in almost every home network today, you’ll find just two types of connection: Ethernet and Wi-Fi.

Don’t Get Your Wires Crossed: Ethernet

Ethernet is a wired connection standard that carries TCP/IP data in-home networks. The connector (RJ45) looks a little like an upsized telephone line connection (RJ11) and carries several copper wires that vary depending on the category of Ethernet network cable you’re using.

Ethernet cables are classed into different categories that offer different maximum speeds. For example, Category 6 network cables are rated 10Gbps, while Category 5e cables are rated for gigabit speeds. It’s important to match your cable types to the speed your LAN Ports are rated for. Plugging a 1Gbps cable into a 100 Mbps port won’t hurt, but doing the opposite will limit your speed to the maximum the cable can handle!

Assuming you’ve chosen the right Ethernet cables, adapters, and router, you’ll enjoy high-speed, low-latency, ultra-reliable network speeds as long as you’re okay with the hassle of installing ethernet connections throughout your house.

Wires? Where We’re Going, We Don’t Need Wires: Wi-Fi

While Ethernet is undoubtedly the gold standard when it comes to pure network performance, it’s not all that convenient. When it comes to mobile devices, it’s downright unpractical! That’s why we have Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) to allow wireless devices a way to connect to the network without drilling holes in walls or plugging them in every time we need network features.

Wi-Fi uses radio waves to send digital pulses of information. There are two frequency bands used in Wi-Fi: 2.4Ghz and 5Ghz. The lower frequency band can’t send data at high speeds, but it’s got great range and wall-penetrating power. High-frequency 5Ghz Wi-Fi is ultra-fast but is easily blocked by objects like walls.

Most modern Wi-Fi routers are “dual-band,” which means they offer connections on both frequency bands. Wi-Fi is divided into generations. In the past, those generations would have numbered names reflecting the name of the communication standard for that generation of Wi-Fi. For example, 802.11g, 802.11n, and 802.11ac. These names have been changed to simple numbers to make things a little more user-friendly. So now 802.11ac is simply Wi-Fi 6, and the latest 802.11ax is Wi-Fi 6.

Older Wi-Fi devices may not connect to newer routers, especially if the device only supports 2.4Ghz Wi-Fi and the router in question only offers 5Ghz.

Extending Your Network’s Reach

With so many devices, both present and future-looking, for a way to connect to your home network, you probably want to make sure that network stretches to every corner of your home. That’s easier said than done with everything that can block a wireless signal or the expense and effort of laying Ethernet throughout a home.

The good news is that there are many products on the market to help you increase your network footprint so that there aren’t any spots in your home that can’t get connected.

A Wi-Fi repeater is a device that’s put onto the edge of an existing Wi-Fi network before the Wi-Fi signal starts to drop off. It listens to the packets coming to and from the core Wi-Fi network and then simply repeats them. This is a slow solution, but a simple way to extend WiFi to specific spots without modifying your network.

PowerLine Extenders

This system sends network signals through the existing electrical wiring in your home. It’s as easy as plugging in a PowerLine adapter near your router and in the room where you want to extend your network.

Rather than extend your regular router’s footprint, wireless mesh routers completely replace your existing router. Think of them as one big distributed router. A primary mesh unit is connected to your modem, and then each satellite unit has a dedicated wireless or wired connection to it. 

One Big Networked Family

The technology in your home network might be incredibly complex, but this technology has become smarter and much easier to use over time. No one knows what the future of home networking will be. Still, it might look very different thanks to the development of technologies like millimeter-wave 5G cellular networks, which blur the line between local and wide networks.

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Guide On How Does Ansible Synchronize Works

Introduction to Ansible Synchronize

Web development, programming languages, Software testing & others

Explaining the Ansible Synchronize

Ansible synchronizes work like rsync in many ways. But we must remember the below points while using it in our environments. These will explain this module and show its limitations:

To work with this module, rsync must be installed on both source and target systems.

By default, the source of files is localhost i.e. the controller machine and destination of files is the machine where the connection is made to transfer files. This default feature can be changed by using parameter delegate_to, which allows you to change your source from localhost to some other host. Thus you can copy files from a remote machine to another remote machine.

On synchronize source machine, file’s permissions are of the user who is running the tasks on localhost or remote_user in the case when delegate_to is used.

On synchronize destination machine, the file’s permission will be of remote_user on destination host or of become_user if become=yes is given in parameters, but to elevate the permission, password less sudo should be set up, as rsync itself does not give a way to pass sudo credentials.

Currently, we have only below few connection types to work with Ansible synchronize viz are ssh, paramiko, local, and docker.

Always give the full path of the destination host location, as there may be cases where you used sudo, but files will be copied to remote_user home directory.

Linux rsync limitations related to hard links are also applied here.

Ansible synchronizes module forces -delay-updates to avoid the broken state in case of connection failure.

How does Ansible Synchronize Works?

Ansible synchronize user below parameters and their acceptable values are listed as below. Using the combination of these parameters, we can decide the behavior and output of Ansible synchronize.

archive: The acceptable values are yes and no. The default value is set to yes. This mirrors the rsync flag, enable recursive, links, perm, group, owner, time flag.

hecksum: The acceptable values are yes and no. The default value is set to no. This is used to skip based on checksum.

compress: The acceptable values are yes and no. The default value is set to yes. This is used to compress files during transfer to speed up the transfer.

copy_links: The acceptable values are yes and no. The default value is set to no. This is used to copy the referenced items rather than links.

delete: The acceptable values are yes and no. The default value is set to no. This is used to delete files in dest location, which does not exist on the source somehow when the transfer is completed. This works when recursive=yes is set.

dest: The absolute or relative path on the destination machine. Which will be synced from the source.

src: The absolute or relative path on the source machine. Which will be synced from the destination.

dirs: The acceptable values are yes and no. The default value is set to no. This is used to transfer directories without recursive.

dest_port: Port number of ssh on destination.

link_dest: Default value is null. This is used to add a destination to hard links against during the rsync.

links: This is used to copy syslinks as syslinks, not referenced items.

mode: Acceptable values are push and pull. The default value is push.

owner: The acceptable values are yes and no. This is used to preserve owner.

rsync_path: This is used to specify the rsync command path on remote hosts.

times: To preserve the modification times. The acceptable values are yes and no.

Examples of Ansible Synchronize

Now by using examples, we will try to learn about Ansible synchronize, which you might have to use in day to day operations. We will take some examples, but before going there, we first understand our lab, we used for testing purpose. Here we have an Ansible control server named ansible-controller and few remote hosts named host- remote, host-one, and host-two. We will create playbooks and run Ansible commands on the ansible- controller node and see the results on the remote hosts.

In this example, we will do the synchronization of files from source machine viz. Ansible controller node to the remote host. We have a set of files under /var/tmp/sync_folder on the Ansible controller node which will be transferred to remote host via Ansible synchronize module. For this we have a playbook like below:

src: /var/tmp/sync_folder dest: /var/tmp/

ansible-playbook ansible_synchronize.yaml

ls -l

In this example, we will do the synchronization of files from one remote host to another remote host. For this we have a playbook like below:

src: /var/tmp/sync_folder dest: /var/tmp/ delegate_to: host-two

On the remote machine, we can cross-check to confirm the files have been transferred.

ls -l

Conclusion

As we saw, Ansible synchronize is powerful but easy to use the module, but we must also acknowledge that this is not the replacement of rsync in Linux systems. So keeping in mind, you must also remember all the limitations mentioned above in this article to avoid unexpected outcomes. So learn it first and then use it carefully.

Recommended Articles

This is a guide to Ansible Synchronize. Here we also discuss the Introduction and how does ansible synchronize works along with examples and its code implementation. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –

What Is Home Area Network (Han)?

A Home Area Network (HAN) is a kind of computer network it allows communication among various devices within a home. It provides the ability to connect and communicate between various devices in a house using different communication protocols.

In this article, we will discuss more about what a Home Area Network is & how it works.

What is a Home Area Network?

It is a kind of computer network that enables communication between various devices inside a home. It is called a “Home Area Network” (HAN)

It is made up of several devices. These devices are linked together to create a network. So the devices include laptops, game consoles, cell phones, personal computers & other smart devices.

Users can share resources like printers, scanners, and internet connectivity using the HAN, which can be connected or wireless.

How Does a Home Area Network Work?

A home area network allows devices to connect by using various communication protocols. These protocols include Wi-Fi, Ethernet, Bluetooth & Zigbee.

These gadgets are linked to a router or central hub, which acts as the primary communication channel. The hub or router receives data from each device and then forwards it to the appropriate destination device.

In a wired HAN, the devices are connected to the hub or router using cables. While in the case of wireless HAN, a radio signal is enough to establish communication between devices. In both cases, the hub or router plays a critical role in managing the communication between devices.

Components of a Home Area Network

The main components of a Home Area Network include −

Devices − These are the several electronic gadgets that are linked to the HAN, including mobile phones, laptops, gaming systems, and smart devices.

Hub/Router − This is the central device that manages the communication between all the devices connected to the HAN. It receives data from each device and forwards it to the appropriate destination device.

Communication Protocols − You can find many different communication protocols that the devices use to communicate within themself. Some of the most communication protocols are Wi-Fi, Ethernet, Bluetooth & Zigbee.

Network Interface Cards (NICs) − These are hardware devices that facilitate appliances to connect with a network. They provide a physical connection between the device and the network cable.

Network Switches − These are devices that help with connecting multiple devices. It all happens within a wired network. They are responsible for directing data traffic between devices and can provide faster speeds than a router.

Access Points − These are devices that are used to extend a wireless network’s coverage area. It enables wireless devices to connect to the network. It can also provide a stable & reliable connection. Access points can be used to create a mesh network. Here multiple access points are in use to extend the network coverage over a large area.

Advantages of Home Area Network?

You can find several benefits of having a Home Area Network. These benefits include −

Convenience − A HAN provides convenience by allowing users to share resources, such as printers and internet connectivity, between devices.

Security − A HAN can be secured using various encryption and authentication methods to prevent unauthorized access to the network.

Automation − A HAN can enable automation by allowing users to control smart devices, such as thermostats, lighting, and security systems, from a central hub.

Remote Access − HANs can enable remote access to devices on the network, allowing users to access files and resources from anywhere with an internet connection. This can be especially useful for remote workers or those who travel frequently.

Entertainment − HANs can provide a seamless entertainment experience by enabling the streaming of music, movies, and other multimedia content to various devices in the home.

Energy Savings − HANs can enable energy savings by allowing users to monitor and control energy usage in the home. It can be done by controlling smart devices. The smart devices include devices such as thermostats, lighting & appliances. It is to reduce energy consumption when not needed. By doing so, HANs can help reduce energy bills and contribute to a more sustainable environment.

Increased Home Security − HANs can enhance home security by enabling the integration of security systems, such as cameras, alarms, and door locks. With a HAN, homeowners can monitor and control these systems remotely, receiving alerts and notifications in case of any security breaches. This can provide peace of mind and added protection for the home and its occupants.

Conclusion

In conclusion, a Home Area Network is a type of computer network that enables communication among various devices within a home. It provides the ability to connect and communicate between various devices in a house using different communication protocols. The HAN can be wired or wireless. This system enables users to share resources, such as printers, scanners & internet connectivity.

How To Bold Text In Adobe Indesign (Quick Tips & Guide)

Many people start their InDesign journeys by expecting it to function like a word processing app. But InDesign’s focus on typography and design means that it works quite a bit differently, even when it comes to basic operations like making part of your text bold. 

The process is still quite simple, but it’s worth taking a look at why InDesign is different. 

Key Takeaways

Bold text in InDesign requires a bold typeface file.

Stroke outlines should not be used to create fake bold text.

Bold typefaces for use with InDesign are available from Adobe Fonts for free.

Creating Bold Text in InDesign

The quickest way to bold text in InDesign is to use the bold keyboard shortcut. 

Select the text you want to bold using the Type tool, and then use the keyboard shortcut Command + Shift + B. If you have a bold version of the typeface available, your text will immediately display as bold.

You can also create bold text in InDesign by using the Character panel or the Control panel that runs across the top of the document window. 

When you have a text frame object selected, the Control panel replicates all of the functionality of the Character panel, so it’s up to you which panel you want to use. 

Wherever you choose to do it, this method gives you the ultimate level of control over your bold text, because many typefaces created for design professionals have multiple different bold types available.

For example, Garamond Premier Pro has four different bold versions, as well as four bold italic versions, not to mention the medium and semibold weights, which offer a huge degree of flexibility for typographic design. 

If you want to remove bold, simply choose Regular or another version of the font.

When you want to make text thicker, select the text you want to adjust, and then select the bold typeface you want to use from the dropdown menu. 

That’s all there is to it!

Adding Bold Fonts with Adobe Fonts

If you want to use a bold font but you don’t have the bold version of your typeface installed on your computer, you should check the Adobe Fonts website to see if you can install one.

Many of the typefaces on Adobe Fonts are available for free to anyone with an Adobe account, and there are over 20,000 fonts available if you have an active Creative Cloud subscription. 

Not sure how to add new fonts? I have a tutorial on how to add fonts to InDesign that covers all the ins and outs of the process. 

Making Bold Text in InDesign the Hideous Way

I need to say right at the start that I do not recommend that you ever do this. I wouldn’t even mention it in this article at all, except that so many other tutorials pretend that it is an acceptable way to change font weight in InDesign – and it is definitely not a good idea, as you’ll see. 

InDesign can add an outline (known as a stroke) around any object, including text characters. Adding a line around your text definitely makes it look thicker, but it will also completely ruin the shapes of the letters and may even cause them to overlap each other, turning each word into an unreadable mess, as you can see below. 

So many tutorials recommend this, but it’s absolutely hideous

Proper bold typefaces are designed to be bold from the very beginning, so the letterforms do not get distorted or cause any display issues when used. 

InDesign is a favorite tool of typographers, and no typographer worth the title would ever use the stroke method to make bold text in InDesign because it completely destroys the style of the typeface. 

No matter what your skill level is, you probably shouldn’t use it either! 

A Final Word

That’s everything there is to know about how to bold text in InDesign, as well as a cautionary tale about why you shouldn’t use strokes to bold text in InDesign. 

As you get more familiar with typography and typeface design through your InDesign work, you’ll understand why it’s important to work with well-designed typefaces that offer proper bold versions.

Happy typesetting!

Vpn Router Vs Vpn Service (Quick Guide)

VPN router vs VPN service (Quick Guide)

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Many users don’t know the main differences that set VPN routers and VPN services apart.

For once, VPN routers offer network-wide protection while VPN services can only protect one device at a time.

However, there are several other traits that these VPN types don’t necessarily share.

If you want to learn more about the differences between VPN routers and VPN services, check out our guide.

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Download Fortect and install it on your PC.

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Nowadays, with the recent uprise in cyber attacks and privacy breaches, having a VPN is paramount.

However, end-users always end confused considering there are so many different types of VPNs they can use to protect their privacy.

For instance, many fail to understand that VPN routers are not the same as a VPN service.

One of the main differences between these types of VPNs is, in fact, the very device you can set them up on.

Not to worry, though; in this guide we’ll walk you through the differences between VPN routers and VPN services.

That way, you’ll be more informed and ready to make a better decision when it comes to your personal privacy.

VPN router vs VPN service What is a VPN router

A VPN router is still a VPN, but it’s meant to be used by an entire network, as opposed to personal VPN services.

After being deployed, a VPN router shields the entire network’s privacy from prying eyes.

Depending on the VPN that you choose to install on the router, you may benefit from additional features, so as to make up for the lack of personal control.

Once a VPN is installed on a router, it actually replaces the router’s firmware so it can assume full control of the network.

The network administrator can change or toggle certain settings such as the server location, kill switch, or split tunneling.

It goes without saying that you won’t be able to make any modifications, but that could actually be a good thing.

With a standard VPN, you may need to remind yourself to launch it and connect to a secure server.

A VPN router is always on, and applies the same settings to all the devices connected to the network.

If the VPN supports it, you can make sure to exclude certain devices from the VPN’s protection by using the split tunneling feature.

How to set up a VPN router

Contrary to popular opinion, you can’t just install any VPN on any router.

Therefore, you’ll have to find a router that supports VPN apps (recommended) or one that supports manual VPN configuration (less secure, less features).

If you’re at a loss, check out our recommendations for the best VPN routers you can buy.

At the same time, you’ll have to find a VPN that can handle being installed on a router.

Depending on your router and VPN of choice, the process of setting a VPN router up can be wildly different.

For instance, some VPN providers (such as ExpressVPN) offer custom firmwares you can flash on your router.

On the other hand, you can also try to grab configuration details from your VPN and attempt to load them on your router.

Note that the VPN router setup process depends on the model of your router, so unfortunately there’s no silver bullet for this.

What is a VPN service

When we say VPN service, we mean a VPN service that you can install on individual devices and use it on a per-person basis.

Therefore, any VPN that provides you with an app, a client, or a configuration file for your personal use could fall in this category.

With VPN services you have full control over everything that the VPN does for your device and on your network.

Depending on its capabilities you can toggle a kill switch, enable split tunneling, change location, or turn it off altogether.

Since you’re using it on your device only, it won’t have any impact on your network and other users connected to it.

Additionally, it’s infinitely easier to install and configure a VPN service than a VPN router.

Considering that many VPN providers support multiple connections on the same account, you may not even need a VPN router.

However, if you have more devices you want to connect than the provider can accommodate, you may need to switch to a VPN router.

Which is better, VPN router or VPN service?

Truth be told, there’s no right answer to this question, as it strictly depends on your needs.

If you have a handful of devices that need privacy protection and added security, you can safely go with an individual VPN service.

VPN providers can usually cover at least 5 simultaneous connections on the same account, so as long as you don’t have a lot more devices, you should be fine.

The plus side is that an individual service is easier to install and can be re-configured at any time.

On the other hand, having a VPN router means that your entire network is protected 24/7 and there’s no need for you to interact with your VPN so often.

You just set it up, configure it according to your needs, and just leave it running in the background.

Unfortunately, setting up a router VPN takes more time and requires that your router can handle VPN apps or manual configuration.

Conclusion

All in all, having a VPN is highly important if you plan on keeping your online whereabouts private, away from prying eyes.

Whether you choose to install a VPN on your router for network-wide protection or just use it on your device, it can and will greatly enhance your privacy.

Your connection is not secure – websites you visit can find out your details:

Use a VPN to protect your privacy and secure your connection.

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Your Guide To Samsung’s Galaxy A Series Smartphones

When you think about Samsung smartphones, you probably first think of flagship devices like Galaxy S23 Ultra and the Galaxy Z Fold4. But many businesses — especially those on a tighter budget — can get everything they need from the more affordable Galaxy A Series of smartphones.

The 2023 Galaxy A Series lineup includes:

Galaxy A14 5G

Galaxy A23 5G

Galaxy A54 5G (replacing the top-of-the-line A53 5G)

Available from leading carriers and Samsung Business Direct, the latest range of Galaxy A Series devices provide everything you need in a mid-range smartphone, and give your business a reliable, secure, affordable platform for its mobility initiatives. (Companies that want an affordable device with a rugged form factor need look no further than the military-grade Galaxy XCover6 Pro.)

1. Display technology

Galaxy A14 5G: 6.6 inches, FHD+ LCD, 90Hz

Galaxy A23 5G: 6.6 inches, FHD+ LCD, 120Hz

Galaxy A54 5G: 6.4 inches, Super AMOLED, FHD+ 120Hz

All of Samsung’s new A Series smartphones offer expansive screens of at least 6.4 inches. With more screen comes more space for multitasking, allowing you to be productive on the move by working with two apps on a split screen. It also means no more straining your eyes to make out tiny characters on your old smartphone’s display.

Galaxy A14 5G offers HD+ resolution (720 x 1600 pixels), so your documents, photos, and videos will look crisp and clear. On the Galaxy A14 5G, you get FHD+ resolution (1080 x 2408 pixels), giving even more detail and vibrancy to visual content. The Galaxy A54 5G uses Samsung’s Super AMOLED display technology, lending vivid brightness to everything you view.

Samsung has also brought its high refresh-rate display technology to the A Series. With a 90Hz display on Galaxy A14 5G, an Infinity-O 120Hz display on A54 5G and an Infinity-V 120Hz display on the A235G  you get seamlessly smooth motion when scrolling or viewing fast-moving graphics.

And when you’re working long hours, don’t forget to switch on the blue light filter — available on all A Series smartphones — to give your eyes some rest.

2. Battery life

Galaxy A14 5G: 5,000mAh battery, 15W Fast Charging

Galaxy A23 5G: 5,000mAh battery, 25W Super Fast Charging

Galaxy A54 5G: 5,000mAh battery, 25W Super Fast Charging

The 2023 Galaxy A Series devices all feature high-capacity 5,000mAh batteries and intelligent power management that keeps up with your productive workday. You can videoconference, track inventory, work on your latest projects and still have enough battery life to stay connected till the end of your shift.

There are some differences in fast charging capabilities across the range, however Galaxy A14 5G supports  15W Fast Charge while the Galaxy A54 5G and A23 5G support 25W Super Fast Charging, which allows you to quickly top up your battery and get on with your day.

3. Camera systems

Galaxy A14 5G: Three-lens rear camera system including 50MP main, 2MP macro, and 2MP depth camera; 13MP front camera

Galaxy A23 5G: Four-lens rear camera system including 50MP main lens, 5MP ultra-wide lens, 2MP macro, 2MP depth lens, and 8MP front camera

Galaxy A54 5G: Three-lens rear camera system including 50MP main with optical image stabilization (OIS), 5MP macro, 12MP ultra-wide angle camera and32MP front camera

Having a great camera system can make or break a smartphone for business users. The 2023 Galaxy A Series devices feature sophisticated triple-lens rear camera setups. With a pro-grade camera onboard an affordable smartphone, you can be sure your device is versatile enough to meet all your business photography and video needs.

In an era of videoconferencing, each A Series device comes with a front-facing camera designed to keep you and your ideas in focus during videoconferences. The front cameras range from a 8MP camera on Galaxy A23 5Gto an incredible 32MP selfie camera on Galaxy A54 5G. And with integrated 5G connectivity on many of this year’s devices, you can join your next video call from your desk or the beach.

The rear camera systems are designed to let you capture every detail from any angle Ultra-wide lenses on Galaxy A23 5G and A54 5G let you capture an impressive 123-degree field of view.

With the best camera setups in the range, Galaxy A23 5G and Galaxy A54 5G are built for action. You can capture the world around you with A54 5G’s incredibly sharp 50MP sensor with OIS, for example, and shoot 4K video at 30 frames per second. The Galaxy A23 5G, meanwhile, is ideal for work-related activities like running videoconference calls or scanning barcodes and documents.

4. Storage and memory

Galaxy A14 5G: 64GB storage, 4GB RAM

Galaxy A23 5G: 64GB storage, 4GB RAM

Galaxy A54 5G: 128GB storage, 6GB RAM

Few things are more frustrating than trying to download an app or large file and finding that your smartphone’s storage is maxed out. And if you notice your smartphone is performing sluggishly when you have multiple apps open, it’s likely that limited memory (RAM) is the culprit.

The A Series offers several different tiers of internal storage and memory configurations throughout the lineup, so you can choose a device that best fits your needs.

Galaxy A14 5G’s and A23 5G’s 64GB of storage and 4GB of RAM will ensure your device won’t get bogged down, even when you have a dozen browser tabs and multiple Office documents lined up.

All the latest Galaxy A Series smartphones support expandable storage via a microSD card slot. With the ability to add up to 1TB more external storage, your smartphone can grow with your business needs. Your scans, documents, photos and data can go wherever you go, without a hitch.

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5. Connectivity

Galaxy A14 5G: 5G

Galaxy A23 5G: 5G

Galaxy A54 5G: 5G

Your business needs to stay connected even when team members are working remotely. All four A Series devices feature core connectivity essentials including Wi-Fi 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac with dual bands (2.4GHz + 5GHz) and Bluetooth 5.0, as well as support for 4G LTE.

With these devices’ robust performance and lightning-fast 5G, you have the freedom to explore unlimited professional possibilities. Access your work in the cloud and stream video from your office or on the go.

When it comes to audio connectivity, the Galaxy A14 5Gand A23 5G both feature headphone jacks. With Galaxy A54 5G, you’ll need to upgrade to Bluetooth headphones, but they do feature stereo speakers as a nice bonus.

6. Security and biometrics

Like Samsung’s flagship smartphones, Galaxy A14 5G, A23 5G, and A54 5G all feature the defense-grade Knox security platform built in. Knox is a multilayered security architecture that protects your device from the moment you power up — so you can focus on what matters to you and your business. It also integrates natively with Knox Suite, Samsung’s comprehensive set of cloud-based solutions that enable IT to secure, deploy and manage devices to meet their specific business needs.

To make it easy for users to securely access their device, all four A Series devices feature fingerprint ID technology. On the Galaxy A14 5G, and A23 5G, the fingerprint sensor is incorporated into the power key on the right side of the device, while Galaxy A54 5G utilizes Samsung’s embedded optical fingerprint-on-display technology for a convenient unlock with your thumb as you hold the device. The Galaxy A14 5G and A23 5G also get three OS updates and four years of security updates, while the Galaxy A54 5G gets four OS updates and five years of security updates.

Innovation for all

Samsung’s 2023 Galaxy A Series offers features that used to be reserved for premium devices. With Galaxy A14 5G, A23 5G, and A54 5G, you can work on an expansive screen, enjoy all-day battery life, an impressive multi-lens camera system, and expandable storage. And when you’re remote, you can go the extra mile with high-speed 5G connectivity on the Galaxy A14 5G, A23 5G and A54 5G. In the Galaxy A series, affordability meets its match in innovation — so you can fulfill all your business needs, at a price point that will make your CFO smile.

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