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Configuration profiles are a huge part of the mobile device management experience when working with the iPad and the Mac. They are the “building blocks” of how the iPad and Mac know what restrictions or settings to have in place. If you can get the hang of this aspect of using an MDM, you’ll become a master in no time. If you are looking for how to restore a deleted Jamf profile in order to remove it, I’ll cover that at the bottom.

Configuration profiles are what gives IT managers control over a device to be able to make changes without requiring (or even allowing) end user overrides. Configuration profiles are one of the ways that Apple has continued to evolve iOS and macOS management over the years, so it’s wise to take time to get the basics down.

The Most Restrictive Profile Always Wins

One mistake I’ve run into over the years is wondering why something was disabled on an iPad when I pushed a profile that had it enabled. It was because I had multiple configuration profiles on the same device. Applying multiple profiles is certainly allowed, but the most restrictive policy will always override the other. An example of this is if one profile disables Safari, but another does not. The profile that disables Safari will override the one that didn’t.

Preloading Wi-Fi Credentials Controlling iCloud Photo Library

If you are using managed Apple IDs through Apple School Manager, you’ll know that students get 200GB of iCloud storage. You also know that devices that take HD video can take up a lot of storage. If you don’t want students to be able to use iCloud Photo Library (preserving space for Pages files and Keynote presentations), you can actually disable that inside of a configuration profile as well.

Restore a deleted Jamf profile

A few years ago, I discovered a really useful trick in Jamf Pro, and it was restoring a deleted profile. If you are coming to this article from a Google search, rest assured, the problem you are having can be solved with this trick.

I like to keep my list of configuration profiles as clean as possible. As your organization’s use of iOS grows, you’ll find that your use of configuration profiles grows. I have a few general profiles that go on all of our devices, but then I have a number of them that go on individual grades. If you are a K–12 school, you’ll certainly find this to be the case as a 2nd grade classroom will likely have different restrictions than a 10th grade one. If you are an enterprise user, you will likely have different profiles (and apps) for the sales staff than you do for the executive staff.

A trick I discovered is that even a deleted profile still exists in Jamf, but you’ll have to find it. Each configuration profile generates a unique URL.

The bold part of the text is unique to my organization, so you’ll want to replace it with your URL. The id=34 section is what you’ll want to focus on next. You will need to discover the number of the profile you deleted. Your profiles obviously start at 1 and go up from there. You can do trial and error to see which one was deleted. Once you find the one that was deleted, you’ll see a notice that this profile was deleted. Your first reaction might be to clone it, but you actually want to download it.

Once you get it downloaded, you’ll want to go back to the main configuration profiles screen and look for the Upload button. You’ll then upload it, and it’ll be assigned the same profile ID as before. You can then work with it inside of Jamf to remove or modify as needed.

Thanks to Jamf for sponsoring Apple @ Work. Jamf, the standard in Apple management, is committed to enabling IT to empower end users and bring the legendary Apple experience to businesses, education institutions and government organizations via its product portfolio.

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What Kind Of Mobile Fanboy Are You?

No matter what, Google apps and services are your preference. Google Drive, Google Plus, Google Maps, Google Music All Access, and (OF COURSE) Android. You love Google, you crave Google. You need Google!

While you might be okay with OEM skins, you still prefer and often semi-religiously defend Google’s vision for the platform. This means you likely prefer stock over skinned versions, and there’s a pretty good chance you own a Nexus.

You own at least a few Android accessories, such as T-shirts, figurines, etc.

You may own a Chromebook, and/or consider Chrome the best browser in the world.

Signs you might be an extreme fanboy:

You plan to name one of your children after Google and/or one of its execs — Matias perhaps?

You tend to call anyone who doesn’t have your EXACT point of view by the name “Apple fanboy”.

You think that all skins and OEMs should be eliminated in favor of stock, but in the same breath talk about how “being open” is what makes Android so awesome..

You complain about OEMs being slow to update, and then get mad when OEMs move faster than  Google.

You defend Google’s every mistake, and can’t admit that they ever do anything wrong.

Under religion on forms you mark “other” and fill it in with Google.

Android fanboys

Now we are moving on to Android fanboys — or fandroids as some like to call them. While some consider Google fanboys and Android fanboys to be one in the same, I decided to separate them due to the fact that there can be some philosophical differences between these two similar but different fanboy tribes.

You love Android, particularly for its open nature. You consider it the best mobile OS in the world.

You consider yourself a fan of the OS, but don’t feel the need to always go with Google on decisions.

You often use Google services, but may also explore alternatives (Facebook, Dropbox, etc)

There’s a chance that you might have a Nexus, but there’s just as big of a chance you’ll try out another OEM maker’s products. You judge by quality and features, not by who is making it or what skin it has on it.

You own at least a few Android accessories, such as T-shirts, figurines, etc.

Signs you might be an extreme fanboy:

You have a tattoo of Andy the robot anywhere on your body. And/or you consider your phone more important than your kids, girlfriend, wife or whatever have you.

You tend to call anyone who doesn’t have your EXACT point of view by the name “Apple fanboy”.

You can name every ROM, Android version and root app — but you can’t remember your birthdate.

You believe Android is perfect as is, and that no other mobile operating system has any positive features or attributes. They all suck and there’s absolutely nothing Google could learn from its competition, Android is king. Long live the king!

Plastic is fantastic. You are perfectly fine with Samsung’s design choices, no complaints at all. Though if Samsung switches to metal, that’s okay too. Ultimately, you just like Samsung’s hardware and build quality, regardless of what materials they use.

You only buy Samsung phones and consider anything else to be second rate.

You like Touchwiz, or at the very least enjoy many of its added features. You tend to defend against the complaints that it is a bloated mess.

You even use many of Samsung’s less popular apps.

You recognize the fact that Samsung is the number one player, and one of the main reasons Android is successful today.

Signs you might be an extreme fanboy:

You say stuff like “Samsung IS Android”, believing all other OEMs are awful. You also tend to take offense at the idea of stock Android.

You tend to call anyone who doesn’t have your EXACT point of view by the name “Apple fanboy”.

You believe that Samsung is more important than Android, meaning you’d gladly consider a Tizen phone, if a globally available high-end flagship ever surfaces.

You believe Samsung can do no wrong. Period.

You have a deep disdain for Apple fans that goes way beyond any other mobile fanboy group.

Apple Fanboys

This one is going to probably cause the most stir. The Apple fanboy. And we’re talking about ‘real’ Apple fan boys, not general mobile enthusiasts that get called an Apple fanboy because they disagree with any of the other types of fanboys mentioned above.

Here’s some signs you might be an Apple fanboy:

You won’t touch Android. Apple is supreme, simple as that.

You don’t mind the restrictions placed on iOS and Apple hardware. Apple probably knows best anyhow.

You are known for saying something similar to the following: “I choose Apple because it just works. I want something simple, not just an OS for nerds”.

You tend to look down at Samsung, calling it a cheap copy.

Signs you’re an extreme fanboy:

You regularly call people Samsung fanboys, fandroids or similar.

You believe Android is a cheap copy of iOS, ignoring the fact that iOS has taken many features from Android in recent years.

You tend to believe that Apple invented everything.

You say stuff like “Android is for poor people”.

Correspondence In Sap – Configuration & Types

There are various standard correspondence types available like invoice print, account statement etc. Custom correspondence types can also be created.

Correspondences can be created at the time of particular business transaction processing or at a later stage for already created transaction postings.

Correspondence can be sent to customer/ vendor in various formats like email, and fax. Correspondence is basically letters etc. which is sent from SAP to vendor/ customer etc.

Correspondence can be created individually or collectively, ad-hoc or via automated batch job.

Types of correspondence

Following is example list of various standard correspondence types, which can be copied to create a specific custom form, program, etc.

Correspondence Type Correspondence Description Print Program Required Data Sample standard SAP Script Form

SAP01 Payment notices RFKORD00 Document number F140_PAY_CONF_01

SAP06 Account statements RFKORD10 Account number and date F140_ACC_STAT_01

SAP07 Bill of exchange charges statements RFKORD20 Document number F140_BILL_CHA_01

SAP09 Internal documents RFKORD30 Document number F140_INT_DOCU_01

SAP10 Individual letters RFKORD40 Account number F140_IND_TEXT_01

SAP11 Document extracts RFKORD50 Document number F140_DOCU_EXC_01

SAP13 Customer statements RFKORD11 Customer number and date F140_CUS_STAT_01

How to do Correspondence configuration

Configuration of Correspondence in SAP can be carried out in the following steps below

Step 1) Define Correspondence Type

Transaction Code:-OB77

Here various SAP standard correspondence types are available. You can also create your custom correspondence types. You can specify that what data is required for generating a correspondence, e.g. for account statement you can specify that customer/ vendor master is necessary for the statement. Also, you can specify the date parameters and the text to appear for date selection.

Step 2) Assign Program to Correspondence Type

Transaction Code: –OB78

Here you need to link the correspondence generator program to the correspondence type. You can also specify different programs for different company codes. (Also, you can specify the default variant here for the program to execute. You can create such variant from transaction SE38/ SA38 for the program.)

You can also create your own custom program as a copy of the standard program and can make suitable changes to meet any of your client specific need.

Step 3) Determine Call-Up Functions for Correspondence Type

Transaction Code:-OB79

Here you need to specify that at what point of time you can generate the particular correspondence type. You can also specify a different setting for different company codes. The various options available are:-

At the time of posting payments (e.g. F-28, F-26, etc.)

At the time of document display or change (e.g. FB02, FB03, etc.)

At the time of account display (e.g. FBL1N, FBL5N, etc.)

Step 4) Assign Correspondence Form to Correspondence Print Program

Transaction Code: –OB96

Here you need to specify that which forms definition will be used by the correspondence print program. You can also specify a different setting for different company codes. (The SAP Script form is defined using the transaction SE71, where the various data is arranged in the output format to get processed. This SAP Script form defines the layout in the output.)

You can also use two digit form IDs, by which you can call different forms for different form IDs in the same company code.

This form ID can be given in the selection screen of the print program generating correspondence. You can select only one form ID at one time for a correspondence type. You can create multiple correspondence types, triggering different form ids.

Step 5) Define Sender Details for Correspondence

Transaction Code:-OBB1

You can here link the details for header, footer, signature and sender. This text is defined using the transaction SO10 with text ID as linked above (e.g. ADRS). You can also specify a different setting for different company codes.(Also two digit sender variant can be defined, which you can give to the selection parameters of the print program. This will enable different sender details within same company code.)

Step 6) Define Sort Variants for Correspondence

Transaction Code: –O7S4

You can here specify that in which order the correspondence letters will get generated. E.g. if you are generating account statement for multiple vendors, then vendors will get sorted in this order and then the letter will get generated. This Sort Variant can be given in the selection screen of the print program generating correspondence.

Step 7) Define Sort Variants for Line Items in Correspondence

Transaction Code: –O7S6

You can here specify that in which order the various line items will appear in a correspondence letters. E.g. if a vendor account statement has multiple invoices, then invoices will get sorted in this order and then the letter will get generated.

This Sort Variant can be given in the selection screen of the print program generating correspondence.

Correspondence Generation

As shown earlier also while configuring the call-up point, the correspondence can be generated at below point of times:-

At the time of posting payments (e.g. F-28, F-26, etc.)

At the time of document display or change (e.g. FB02, FB03, etc.)

At the time of account display (e.g. FBL1N, FBL5N, etc.)

Correspondence can be generated for a particular document or for vendor(s)/ customer(s) account. Subsequent slides will explain the generation of correspondence via different ways and its printing.

Correspondence Generation (Method A):-

The correspondence can be generated while you create, change or display the document.

Similarly, you can create the correspondence from document display/ change from the transaction, like in FB02/ FB03/ FBl1N/ FLB5N, etc.

Correspondence Generation (Method B)

For existing accounting documents you can use transaction code FB12.

Hereafter entering the company code, it will ask the correspondence type. Select Correspondence Type and it will ask you to enter document number/ account no. etc. based on the correspondence type setting. After this, the correspondence is requested.

Correspondence Generation (Method C)

From transaction F.27, you can generate the correspondence (Account Statement) for vendor(s) / customer(s).

If you select “Individual Request” check box, then if the same vendor/ customer has line items in multiple company codes, then for each company code a separate statement will get generated.

Correspondence Printing

Correspondence Printing (Method A):-

Use transaction code F.61 to print the relevant correspondence type already generated. On execution, it will simply print the correspondence (If Email/ Fax, etc. is configured, then output will be generated in that format)

Correspondence Printing (Method B):-

From transaction F.64, you can see the correspondence letter (Spool) generated and can print it. (The difference from F.61 is that, in F.64 you can also do other operations (like delete, print preview, etc.) for correspondence request already generated.)

Correspondence Via Email

Then the correspondence for this customer/ vendor will get generated in email format instead of print output (Taking into account the user exit setting made to determine method of communication in the user exit given in next slide.)

(Note: Similarly you can make setting for Fax output via selecting the standard communication as FAX and maintaining Fax no.)

Cryptocurrency Payment Gateways: What Are They, And How Do They Work?

The truth is, if you can wrap your head around a fiat payment gateway, you’ll be able to understand the basics of how crypto payments processors work too — they both operate on similar principles.

A payment gateway is effectively an application as a service that taps onto online retailers, e-businesses and traditional brick-and-mortar businesses to authorise the processing of transactions. Visa is currently the largest payments gateway in the world, and without it, in many instances, there would be no connecting force between the services charging accounts and the merchants requesting the charge.

Similar systems operate in the crypto world, enabling merchants to accept crypto payments in addition to fiat currencies. This is incredibly important, as it reduces barriers to payment. After all, the number of businesses that weren’t willing to hop on the contactless credit card revolution is negligible – giving customers comfort in payment is a no-brainer, regardless of personal opinions on the kinds of payment methods that they use.

Diving deeper into the similarities and differences between crypto and fiat payment gateways, the inner workings of Bitcoin payment providers, integration types and best practices is key to our overall understanding of these connecting forces. Indeed, that’s exactly what we’ll be doing today.

What Are Crypto Payment Gateways?

While not identical to fiat payment gateways, there are some similarities. Crypto payment gateways are services that allow merchants to accept cryptocurrency payments as part of a general ethos of accepting online payments This could be on an e-commerce platform, a website, a mobile app or even an offline brick-and-mortar store. The gateway’s role here is to process and transfer the crypto payments, depending on the needs of the merchant, be it a ‘hands-on approach’ to crypto or a ‘hands-off’. At the moment, the biggest cryptocurrency payment system by volume in the world is CryptoProcessing by CoinsPaid. With 9+ years of experience and a monthly transaction volume of over €1 billion, the platform takes first place as a market leader. However, many other platforms offer similar services, assisting their clients in accepting payments in crypto.

Benefits of Accepting Cryptocurrencies for Businesses

Understanding the role of crypto payment gateways requires a deeper dive into the benefits that merchants are able to tap into via offering crypto as a payment method. Indeed, there are many.

Firstly, crypto is a borderless, instant medium of payment. There are 180 currencies in circulation, each limited to the jurisdiction of mint. Great British Pounds may not be used in the United States without a conversion to US Dollars and vice versa. With cryptocurrencies, payment becomes universal, borderless and instant. International transfers can often take up to five working days and can be incredibly expensive on the customer’s side. This reduces their willingness to spend – hardly a good outcome for the merchant.

For instance, UK-based private jet service, Mirai Flights, was able to increase its revenue by 30% since partnering with CoinsPaid to accept cryptocurrencies. Due to instant nature of digital asset transactions, over 10% of the company’s fliers now pay in crypto.

How Do Cryptocurrency Payment Gateways Work?

Cryptocurrency payments integrations can look quite different to that of fiat payments on the merchant side. This is mainly because there is an ‘instant conversion’ mechanic at play which converts the crypto into a fiat balance such as EUR. There are usually familiar processes when it comes to both deposits and withdrawals – after all, with an online gaming business, there is often the option to ‘top up’ some kind of balance which can then be withdrawn at a later stage.

When depositing crypto, a user will likely see a “crypto deposit” option on the merchant’s site, being invited to choose the kind of crypto that they choose to pay in;

According to the input information, an address with a QR code will be presented to the user;

Depending on the user’s preferences, they may choose to either scan the QR code using their phone, which will then open the installed crypto wallet on their smart device, or copy and paste the address manually into the built-in interface of their crypto wallet application;

The user will then initiate the transaction, during which the payment processor will make an automatic exchange of the received crypto into the desired fiat balance;

The merchant’s system then receives an API callback with the information about the deposit including the transaction’s status, currency pairs, amount, fees and so on;

Lastly, the amount is added to the user’s EUR balance on the merchant’s site.

Withdrawals are just as simple, and they start with a fiat balance on the merchant’s portal and a user request to withdraw in crypto.

The user will interact with a ‘crypto withdrawal’ option on the merchant’s site, being invited to choose the kind of crypto they wish to be paid in;

They will then be invited to insert their address for payout;

According to the input information, the site makes a request to the processing party;

The payment processor makes an automatic exchange from the selected fiat currency, such as EUR, to an indicated cryptocurrency, such as BTC;

The merchant’s system receives an API callback with transaction parameters, including the transaction’s status, currency pairs, amount, fees and so on;

Lastly, the user’s EUR balance is decreased as per the transaction amount.

With every cryptocurrency payment processing gateway, there is a certain degree of flexibility as to the way in which users will input their information and confirm transactions. A big element of that flexibility relates to payment methods. CoinsPaid, for instance, offers a variety of options to fit any business model:

Invoices without restriction of payment time. Here, the user chooses a currency of payment themselves without a time restriction. The rate will be fixed when the user confirms their payment currency.

Invoices with payment time restriction. Here, the user chooses a currency of payment themselves, but the time restriction will be 15 minutes starting from the creation of the invoice.

Payment Channel Networks. These are blockchain-based systems that allow for numerous, fast and cost-efficient transactions between two parties for a set amount of time.

Plugins. These are pieces of software that integrate into an existing program as a pop up or an embedded payment portal, for example.

Payment links. Simply, a link is generated and sent to the client over email or an instant messenger such as Whatsapp.

Integrating Cryptocurrency Payment Gateway

Crypto payment providers, such as CoinsPaid, tend to integrate via API. If you’ve ever integrated another service’s API onto your platform, such as that of an automated KYC vendor, this will be a familiar process to you.

If you’re unfamiliar with what an API is, it’s effectively an interface that allows the merchant’s website to ‘talk’ to a platform’s server.

Before you commit to a service, the team behind a crypto payment platform will aim to provide you with a demo account so you can get comfortable beforehand. Here, you’ll be able to familiarise yourself with the merchant dashboard and test all the tools, but some pre-test steps are usually required from you. As is the case with CryptoProcessing by CoinsPaid, you’ll be invited to download a testnet Bitcoin wallet, before acquiring testnet coins by visiting a designated website and entering your address, generated in the testnet Bitcoin wallet.

If you choose the hands-on approach and hold cryptocurrency on your books, you can choose which digital assets you want to store the funds in and set up automatic conversions of the incoming crypto revenue into this currency. You can set up withdrawals from the CoinsPaid account to an external crypto wallet. Often, merchants have a cold wallet, like a Ledger or Trezor, and store larger amounts there for extra security.

Alternatively, if you choose the hands-off approach, then in the dashboard you can set up automatic conversions into fiat, like USD or euro, when using the processing API. Also, you can make a withdrawal of fiat to a bank account, you’ll just need to link the account to your CoinsPaid dashboard. Also, in the dashboard you can set up the access roles for different people in your company – for example, who can just view the transactions, and so on.

As you can probably tell, the integration process on chúng tôi is pretty convenient and straightforward– this is why we’ve chosen to analyse their integration procedure in our article today.

What to Pay Attention to When Choosing a Cryptocurrency Payment System?

Firstly, a risk scoring system should be in place. In other words, one needs to be sure that a provider conducts ongoing transaction monitoring to stamp out any possibility of money laundering, terrorist financing or other criminal activity;

Secondly, the provider should support fiat conversions. Regardless of whether a company is looking for a ‘hands-on’ or ‘hands-off’ approach, instant fiat conversion is commonplace in the industry and one should have questions for Bitcoin payment gateways not interested in its provision. For example, CoinsPaid makes sure that their clients don’t need a background in crypto;

Next, make sure to check the setup fee. The fine print will often reveal hefty setup fees under the guise of ‘API integration fees’. The truth is, crypto payment processing is fairly easy to set up, which is why the largest player on the market, CryptoProcessing by CoinsPaid, doesn’t have any setup fees; 

SWIFT and SEPA are the two most widely used forms of cross-border transfers. If a cryptocurrency payment processor doesn’t support either one of these, you should have questions relating to their scalability and ability to handle cross-border payments; 

As an honourable mention – one should investigate the frills of a company’s offering. What can they offer your company to sweeten the pot? Often, channels, invoices, e-commerce plugins and a large number of payment options can be welcome bonuses.

It’ll come as no surprise that CoinsPaid offering checks each of these boxes. For that very reason, we’re convinced of its title as the best cryptocurrency payment gateway on the market.

Summing up

As with most things in life, getting your head around crypto processing is easy, but understanding it on a technical level is much harder. Alas, we arrive at the aim of today’s article – to provide a crypto-curious audience with a comprehensive guide on crypto payment providers.

Multilayered Mobile Device Security For Small Businesses Supports Growth

Small businesses may not have the resources to build information security teams and invest in a heavy-duty infosec program — but that doesn’t mean security should be devalued or that the business doesn’t need solutions. The secret is to use simple building blocks and try to put multiple security layers in place. Having a “defense in depth” approach provides backstops and multiple protections, even at the expense of some duplication. Because small businesses have fewer IT staff to make sure that everything is up-to-date, a little redundancy helps when things fall through the cracks occasionally.

Mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets are an important part of IT for most small businesses, since people are always on the go and want to keep in touch and up-to-date with minimum roadblocks. Keeping mobile devices — and the information on them — secure is simpler than it used to be, thanks to the wide availability of tools, such as cloud-based mobile device management (MDM) services, that can keep settings in sync. Here are some tips for maintaining security on mobile devices using a multilayered approach.

Layer 1: People protection

An important element of multilayered security for your mobile workforce is user education. Even with the latest security software, your employees need to be educated about potential security threats through unvetted apps, unexpected file attachments, and more.

The best way to deliver education is to use multiple channels. Don’t just pick one avenue for education: Think about newsletters, direct memos, first-person stories from the boss, short classes and online training. Different people learn in different ways, and it’s important to help find the way that makes learning easier.

Such user education enables you to develop a direct dialogue with your employees to trade best practices. It also offers the opportunity for some one-on-one face time with employees, which can help give better insights into how your employees conduct business on the devices you deploy.

Mobile security education shouldn’t stop at educating users about their new devices, either. You should also look for ways to conduct follow-up security education and outreach for your users.

Layer 2: Device software protection

A second layer focuses on the devices themselves. Smartphones are easier to secure than Windows-based laptops and desktops, but you still have to set them up properly and keep them updated. Whether your company’s mobile devices are corporate-owned or provided via a choose your own device (CYOD) option, it’s essential to use MDM tools — either cloud-based or on-premises — to create uniform configurations and consistent settings. Most MDM tools are multiple-platform, allowing you to manage different types of mobile devices with a single set of policies.

A benefit of using MDM is that it allows you to send out dynamic updates to configure over-the-air. That means that any changes in policy or configuration don’t require a house call, but are automatically downloaded by mobile devices whenever they have data service.

Here are some of the top features to pursue in your MDM tool for protecting devices:

Biometrics for authentication such as fingerprint or iris scanners, backed up by a secure (that means longer than 4 digits) passcode to physically lock down the device.

Enabled automatic installation of operating system and application security patches — either upon release or after a determined testing and vetting process.

Remote data wipe to protect your company’s data in the event of a stolen or lost device.

Application store lock-down, requiring all applications to be loaded from official trusted app stores. For Android devices, make sure that Google Play Protect is enabled to add another layer of application security checking.

You can also stack hardware protection on top of software protection. For example, enterprise-class phones from vendors like Samsung include hardware-based security, such as components that can prevent rooting or jailbreaking on a device or provide hardware support for dividing smartphones into work/home secured partitions.

Layer 3: Infrastructure and application protections

A third layer of protection shields your company data and networks from attackers. One of the biggest attack vectors is password theft, usually through malware via phishing, so moving to a two-factor authentication system for any critical application is a huge step forward. If you’re using cloud-based applications, that’s often as easy to implement as a check-box on a GUI. But however you accomplish it, two-factor authentication is the number one way to protect applications (and the valuable data they hold) from unauthorized or malicious users.

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Along with two-factor authentication, review applications and network infrastructure to be sure that:

Antimalware tools are running and regularly updated, even on server platforms (such as Linux) that aren’t often infected. Why? Because malware stored on a server can instantly activate if the file is downloaded to a vulnerable platform.

Software updates are being regularly applied to all applications and to their servers, especially if they touch the internet.

Monitoring tools and nightly log analyzers are running to alert you quickly to unusual behavior or system outages. These can be a sign of security problems; for example, suddenly running out of disk space on a system.

Focusing on the right mix of security features can make all the difference. That’s why you need a multi-layered approach that accounts for a multitude of attack vectors, including infrastructure, human and device to keep your business safe.

Learn how Samsung’s small business solutions can help you scale your growing business every step of the way. And find out how to prepare your mobile device fleet against attack with this free guide to building a cyber incident response plan.

What Is Cross Cultural Management?

What is Cross Cultural Management?

Cross cultural management is the study of management in a cross-cultural context. It consists of the study of the impact of societal subculture on managers and control practices in addition to taking a look at the cultural orientations of individual managers and enterprise members.

Cross cultural management includes managing work groups in methods that considers the variations in cultures, practices and alternatives of customers in a worldwide or worldwide enterprise context. Many groups should discover ways to adjust or adapt their tactics so as to compete on a degree in fields not certain through bodily geography with on-line interactions extra not unusual in enterprise and different situations.

Cross-subculture management occurs when a supervisor oversees employees from a subculture apart from her very own or when employees on a group are from special nations, as well. There are some approaches a multicultural group is probably set up. Organizations have places of work in special nations which can be controlled via the means of humans within side the head office. At different times, far flung personnel round the arena are controlled via the means of a person in any other country. Another state of affairs is when people have immigrated from different countries and work along others who’ve additionally traveled from elsewhere.

Example of Cross Cultural Management

Example − The Coca-Cola Company’s distribution strategy in African countries

An impressive example of a successful growth to new territories the usage of cross-cultural management is the multinational conglomerate The Coca-Cola Company.

Of course, Coca-Cola is renowned internationally and has prolonged its attainment to almost every United States on Earth. This fulfilment turned into now no longer guaranteed, however instead an end result of innovative and masterful global management.

When Coca-Cola entered the African marketplace in 1929 it became obvious that a whole lot of variation might be needed. Especially when it got here to distribution, the equal procedures and channels that worked in different markets might now no longer work in African countries.

Two big challenges were apparent −

Retail landscapes made up mostly of micro-businesses

One of Coca-Cola’s biggest franchise partners in Africa, Coca-Cola Beverages Africa headquartered in South Africa, has helped develop key distribution strategies in the region.

The Micro Distribution Center (MDC) version was released in Ethiopia in 1999, as a way to get merchandise to small mom-and-pop shops, road cart carriers and different micro businesses. Coca-Cola recruited marketers to run those distribution centers, who in turn hired devoted income human beings accountable for servicing outlets in the area.

Distributors would use any means necessary to supply the product to micro businesses. Small batches could be taken via way of means of hand, pushcart, or even canoe to their destinations. Salespeople were locals who had vital understanding and have been relied on via way of means of the community.

The MDC model has been very successful over the last twenty years and is presently utilized in 19 African and Asian countries. Coca-Cola’s willingness to evolve and contain new control practices that match the wishes of the nearby location has set it up as a strong brand even in difficult markets.

Steps to Execute an Impactful Cross Cultural Management

The following steps can be considered to create an impactful cross-cultural management:


Leaders who are thinking about bringing in skills from any other part of the arena to take an area at the senior government crew have already reached the primary milestone. They have a cognizance of the overall worldwide skills pool. While many Western enterprise worries have already evolved an appreciation for the overall variety of skills to be had worldwide, a few are lagging in the back of or don’t actually have it on their radar. These organizations don’t realize that they’re lacking out on opportunities.


Once aware of the idea of the whole worldwide skills pool, the subsequent step is to create an application for constructing the worldwide government bench. Expanding one’s horizons doesn’t imply neglecting the people right under one’s nose.

Progressive organizations have entire government-development packages that expand skills for nearby possibilities and appearance overseas for gifted folks who are equipped to pass borders for the subsequent step of their development.

Executive Selection and Integration

Any choice for international managers has to start with a clean knowledge of the elements essential to the assignment’s success. This consists of each international control competency – inclusive of adaptability, flexibility, consolation with ambiguity, inquisitiveness, etc. – in addition to function imperatives associated with the precise assignment. Because domestic and host USA expectancies may also range considerably, those will often want to be aligned. Often an outside evaluation with the aid of using an educated expert may be helpful.

Once the executive is in place, a strong attention on integration can lessen the time it takes for her or him to arise to hurry and supply results. Equally vital is the effective effect and powerful integration application has on long-time period retention. This is especially extensive with cross-cultural transitions, where “derailing” episodes can arise even greater regularly than usual.

Acknowledging the Challenges:

Once the right executive has been selected for a worldwide control position, unique interest ought to be paid to the problems of working in a brand new cultural environment. To optimize skills within side the multinational corporation, skills ought to be sourced each regionally and from across the world.

Multicultural Team Building

Multicultural team building is a technique that addresses the desires of the worldwide group. Respecting that agencies move borders and their participants can also additionally hail from everywhere on the planet, the want to stabilize neighborhood custom with worldwide management traits is vital. This technique can decorate know-how amongst group participants and optimize group member communication and functioning.

Using a number of interactive processes, team contributors find out about themselves, the culturally primarily based totally assumptions that pressure their everyday conduct and judgments of others, and their team contributors’ corresponding views. By highlighting and clarifying those variations and supporting crew contributors examine their very own culturally derived warm buttons, groups are capable of creating their very own norms for conversation and develop more cognizance on how their conduct is impacting the ones around them. In doing so, executives learn how to assume and accurate troubles earlier than they develop, accurately alter their fashion with the aid of using target market and speedy separate intercultural strain from different organizational issues. In the first-class cases, the crew builds its very own particularly purposeful culture, entirely with its very own norms, behaviors and language, in which collaboration and consideration are foundations.


Cross-cultural management is the examination in which people with unique backgrounds and cultures work in an equal firm. People with diverse cultures work collectively in harmony in an organization. There are numerous elements to the idea because it isn’t always clean to control multicultural humans.

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