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What is AutoIt in Selenium?

AutoIt is a freeware scripting language designed for automating windows GUI and general scripting. It uses a combination of mouse movement, keystrokes and window control manipulation to automate a task which is not possible by selenium webdriver.

How to download and install AutoIT

Step 1): Go to this link.

Step 2): Hover on ‘Autoit’ and ‘Autoit Editor’ dropdown.

After download you will get two setup file as shown in below screen, first is AutoIt version 3 setup and second is Scitautoit3 .

Step 7): After successfully installation – open up AutoIT Editor.

Go to ‘C:Program Files (x86)AutoIt3SciTE’

Step 8) : Now opens element Identifier .

Go to ‘C:Program Files (x86)AutoIt3 ‘

Note: Once you done with this element identifier you need to close manually, it will not close automatically.

How to use AutoIT in Selenium

Under this, we will see how to use AutoIt editor and how to find element on file uploader window through AutoIT Element Identifier (Element identifier is a tool like selenium IDE, identifier find the element of window GUI or non HTML popups and provide the attribute of element like title, class, instance ) and how to write script on AutoIT editor using 3 methods.

For Example: We will use “Write to us” page of guru99 to upload resume ( Doc file).


Step 3): Drag the finder tool on the ” File Name” box element of file uploader window to find the basic attributes info as shown in the below screen with the arrow.

We can get the value of attributes i.e. title=’Open’, class=’Edit’ and instance=’1′ as shown below. These values are used in writing AutoIT script example as explained in below step 4.

Start writing a script for selecting a file to upload.

There are lots of method available which we can use in a script according to the requirement, but right now we will focus on the below methods as these methods are required for writing file upload script:

ControlFocus(” title “,” text “,controlID )

ControlSetText(” title “,” text “,controlID ,” File path which need to upload ” )

You can see a number of methods are displayed as shown in below screen. The good feature of AutoIT is that it is somewhat like Eclipse that suggests you some of the methods.

Here in the AutoIT editor, we have selected “control focus” method. Element identifier is already opened and minimized as the element is already identified in above step 3. We can open it by maximizing it.

Parameter values for ControlFocus method:

This method sets focus to the ‘file name’ text box of the file uploader window.

1st parameter title is ” Open “.

We ignore 2nd parameter, the text is not required.

3rd parameter controlID is the combination of class=’Edit’ and Instance=’1′ i.e., . ‘Edit1.’ ControlFocus("Open","","Edit1")

Parameter values for ControlSetText method :

This method is used to define the path of a file which we need to upload in ‘file name’ text box. In another way, we can say that this method is used to set the text to the input element.

1st parameter title is ” Open “.

We ignore 2nd parameter, the text is not required.

3rd parameter controlID is the combination of class=’Edit’ and Instance=’1′ i.e., ” Edit1 “.

4th parameter new text, we pass the path of the file which we need to upload. ControlSetText("Open","","Edit1","E:Resumeresume.doc")

After following the above step, don’t close the windows (editor and element identifier), keep it remain open. You again need to open file uploader window as to find attributes of ‘Open’ Button as shown in below step 5.

Step 5): Now drag the finder tool on the “Open” button element of file uploader window to find the basic attribute information.

Previous values ( i.e. attributes of ‘File name’ text box) overwrite with new values of ‘Open’ button. You can see the class attribute is now changed to “button” which was previously “edit” in AutoIT element identifier window.

We can get the value of attributes i.e. title=’Open’, class=’Button’ and instance=’1′ as shown below. These values are used in writing Autoit script as explained in below.

1st parameter title is ” Open “.

We ignore 2nd parameter; the text is not required.

3rd parameter controlID is the combination of class and Instance, i.e., ” Button1 “.

Step 6): You can see in below screen that AutoIT script is completed to handle file chúng tôi you can close the element identifier and save the script as ” FileUpload ” at the given location ( E:AutoIT ).

Now you can’t execute this script directly, you need to compile this script.

For compiling this script, you have two options ” compile script x64 ” and ” compile script x86 “, if you have windows 32-bit machine then u go with ” compile script x86 ” and for windows 64-bit machine then u go with ” compile script x64 .”

Step 7): ‘FileUpload exe’ file generated after compilation, you can see in the below screen. Now we can use this file in Selenium webdriver script.

Now we will use this AutoIT script in Selenium web driver. Check below for output.

File Upload in Selenium using Autoit

In Selenium script, we find the elements of the form and fill the data in each element as required and upload ‘resume.doc’ file by executing AutoIT exe file generated from AutoIT script and then allow to submit the form in Selenium AutoIt script.

Open Eclipse and start writing code.

Then we need to call AutoIT script, the control immediately transferred to AutoIT in order to upload a file and then control send back to selenium as shown below.

Step 1): Develop selenium script in eclipse.

Runtime class allows the script to interface with the environment in which the script is running.

getRuntime() get the current runtime associated with this process.

exec() methods execute the AutoIT script ( chúng tôi ) .


above line will call AutoIT script in selenium and upload file .

Step 2) : Execute the Selenium script in Eclipse.; import org.openqa.selenium.By; import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver; import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver; public class FileUpload { public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException { WebDriver driver=new FirefoxDriver(); driver.findElement("input_3")).sendKeys("Gaurav"); Runtime.getRuntime().exec("E:\AutoIT\FileUpload.exe"); driver.findElement("input_6")).sendKeys("AutoIT in Selenium"); driver.close(); } }

Step 3): Verify the output, chúng tôi file uploaded successfully and thank you message will be displayed.

Why Use AutoIt?

Selenium is an open source tool that is designed to automate web-based applications on different browsers but to handle window GUI and non HTML popups in application. AutoIt in Selenium is required as these window based activity are not handled by Selenium.

Moving ahead in this AutoIt tutorial, we will learn how to upload a file in selenium web driver using AutoIt. Here we need three tools in order to this.

Selenium Webdriver

AutoIT editor and element identifier

The window that you want to automate


Downloaded and installed Element Identifier and AutoIT editor.

Opened the site on which to do the operation.

Element Identifier identifies the elements of file uploader window.

Prepared AutoIT script in the editor with the help of Element identifier.

Autoit script is used in selenium webdriver script.

Executed the selenium script.

Output: Successfully uploaded the file.

You're reading Autoit In Selenium Tutorial: How To Use It?

Microsoft Word Tutorial For Beginners – Guide On How To Use It

This Microsoft Word beginner guide provides free & basic lessons, tutorials & fundamentals for learning MS Office Word software.  Microsoft Word is everyone’s favorite text editor. With so many features, it can meet all your requirements. It may look complicated to use initially, but once you get the hang of it, things start falling in place. This blog post is for those who want to learn the basic functions and features and know more about Microsoft Word.

Microsoft Word tutorial for beginners

This is how the opened blank Microsoft Word document will look like.

Now let us take a look at the features that it has to offer.

1] Title and the Quick Access Toolbar

At the top, you have the Title of the document, the Quick Access Toolbar and a few other functions such as Minimize, Restore Down / Maximize, Close and Ribbon Display Options.

In the Quick Access Toolbar to the left of the Title Bar, you will find the Save button (Ctrl+S), wherein you can save the document in the desired folder; the Undo Typing button (Ctrl+Z); the Repeat Typing button (Ctrl+Y); and the Customize Quick Access Toolbar, wherein you have the various commands as shown in the image below.

In the Ribbon Display Options, it is possible to Auto-hide the ribbon, show the ribbon tabs only or show the tabs and commands all the time. Refer to the image below.

Below the Title Bar, you will see what is called the Ribbon which consists of various tabs such as File, Home, Insert, Design, Layout, References, Mailings, Review, View, Help, Search. Now let us go through every Tab and its commands.

2] Home

The Home tab is the default tab in Microsoft Word. This tab comprises of features related to the clipboard, font, paragraph, styles, and editing.

In the Clipboard section, you will find commands such as copy, cut and paste. Next, we have the Font section. Here you can change the font and the font size for your text, change the case, apply bold or italic formatting, underline, change the font color and highlight text and also add various text effects and typography. Go ahead and explore all the different options to make your text look great and innovative!

The Paragraph section includes the alignment options where you can choose to align your text in the center, left, right or justify it (that is, evenly distribute the text between the margins).

You can add or remove borders, increase or decrease indent, adjust the line and paragraph spacing, and also add bullets and numbers from the bullets and numbering libraries.

You can also create a multilevel list to organize items or create an outline.

From the Styles section, you can select any style of your choice to change the way your document looks. In the Editing section, you can find text or any content in the document and also replace a specific word or text with something else.

3] Insert

The next tab is the Insert tab.

You can add a stylish cover page from the numerous styles available to make your document look more professional and also add a blank page from the Pages section. Another important feature is inserting a table, a picture from your picture gallery, an online picture from the web, shapes, 3D models, charts, SmartArt and screenshots from the Tables and the Illustrations section. Refer to the images below for guidance.

You can insert Tables.

In the Header & Footer section, you can add a built-in header and a footer or from online sources. You can also add page numbers to your document.

Similarly, there are a lot of other features and commands in the Add-ins, Media, Links, Comments, Text and Symbols sections.

4] Design

The Design tab comprises of commands related to Document Formatting and Page Background. To make your document look more consistent and classy, choose the right theme of your liking from the various options available. Additional features include colors, fonts, effects, and paragraph spacing.

If you wish to go for a splash of color for the document background, you can change the page color as well, add Watermark and page borders.

5] Layout

In this tab, in the Page Setup section, you can adjust margins for the entire document or for a particular section; and also customize it. You can change the Page Orientation to Landscape or Portrait; choose the page size for your document, and add or remove columns.

Find the settings to increase or decrease the Indent and Spacing in the Paragraph section.

Other features related to the placement of text and pictures, grouping multiple images and rotation options will be found in the Arrange section.

6] References

In the References tab, you will find different commands related to the table of contents, footnotes, research, citations and bibliography, captions, index and table of authorities.

7] Mailings

Here, you will find settings that will help you to create envelopes and labels, start the mail merge wherein you can send it to multiple recipients, write and insert fields, preview results and finish mail merge.

8] Review

9] View

In the View tab, you can change the views such as Read Mode, Print Layout, Web Layout, etc. Feel free to explore the additional features from the immersive, page movement, show, zoom, window, macros, and SharePoint sections.

10] Help

In the Help tab, you can contact an office support agent and give feedback.

11] Search

In the Search tab, you can type any feature that you are looking for and get help.

12] File

In the File tab, you can save the document, print and share the document, and also publish it.

In this post, I have tried to cover all the basic and useful features and functions of Microsoft Word.

This is my first blog post and I hope it was helpful to you. Your suggestions are most welcome.

Do try out all these features in order to make your MS Word document absolutely presentable and perfect!

Next, you might want to take a look at our Microsoft Word Tips And Tricks post.

Qr Code Marketing Decoded: How It Works & How To Use It

For example, we’re now able to use our phones to scan a piece of paper and open up a website using QR codes. What are QR codes? I’m so glad you asked. I’ll be decoding QR code marketing for you today with answers to all your key questions like:

How do QR codes work technically?

Do QR codes work for marketing?

How can your business use QR code marketing?

After this post, you’ll feel even cooler than any Spy Kid because you’ll have a new tool to attract new customers and grow your business.

What are QR codes?

The QR in QR code stands for quick response. It’s a two-dimensional barcode that can be read by mobile phones equipped with a camera and the appropriate software. QR codes provide a unique opportunity to link a real-world object, such as a billboard, to a digital one, such as a website (known as hard-linking).

However, they can also show on digital screens and still be readable. For example, you could feature a QR code in a social media post.

The code can be set up to point the phone’s browser to a website, add an event to its calendar, provide contact information, give access credentials for a WiFi network, provide geo-location coordinates, and more.

An example of a QR code that links a user to a menu.

How do QR codes work?

In order to incorporate a new local marketing tactic into your strategy, you need to understand the in’s and out’s first. So, how do QR codes work technically? Think of their function similar to how a barcoded item would get scanned into the register at a grocery store.

You’ll first have to use a QR code generator. There are plenty of free, online tools for this. That generator will create a custom, square-shaped bar code that’s programmed to lead anyone that scans it to a destination of your choice, like a website. You can save that code to print off onto stickers, menus, receipts, and more.

Whenever someone sees the QR code, they’ll know to pull up their QR code scanner app (in most cases their phone’s camera app) and put their phone in front of the code. A phone’s scanner view will pick up the code. The phone will respond with a link to the QR code’s destination.


Benefits of QR code marketing

QR codes are a must-have mobile marketing strategy for businesses of all shapes and sizes. Not only is QR code marketing free and easy to set up, but they help your business stand out as you’ll connect with your audience in a unique way. Here are a few stats that back the importance of this marketing tool:

1 billion smartphone users will have accessed a QR code by the end of 2023.

87% of smartphone users have scanned a QR code at least once, and nearly 40% scan a QR code weekly.

47% of consumers think QR codes make life easier in a touchless world, and almost half say they want to see QR code marketing used by brands more frequently in the future.

This low-cost marketing strategy connects your real-life business to the virtual world and makes your online assets more accessible to your customers when they’re on the go.


How to use QR code marketing

Aside from those staggering numbers above, the other perk of implementing QR code marketing is that there are plenty of use cases fit for any business out there. Here are some ways you can work QR codes into your marketing plan.

Related: Looking for other ways to build out your marketing plan? Look no further than our complete marketing calendar jam-packed with ideas, tips, and tricks to grow your business.

1. Set up QR code tracking

Before you blast beautiful, new QR codes across your multichannel marketing assets, you’ll want to get tracking down first. Although it’s not required, finding a way that works for you to measure your QR code marketing impact will help you find success in the long run.

For example, you could apply a custom UTM (urchin tracking module) to any URL you choose. A UTM customizes a link so you can identify traffic coming from specific sources. There are free, online custom URL builders for this that can add on a UTM for you.

When you look at traffic sources in your reporting dashboards, like Google Analytics, you’ll be able to tell which ones have your QR code’s URL because it includes that UTM. That way, you know any traffic to that UTM variation of your link has come from your QR code marketing.

2. Try QR codes in print to drive website traffic

With QR marketing, you’ll be able to drive more traffic to your website from your non-virtual assets by printing off your customized code on flyers, banners, stickers, pamphlets, and more. This will help you cover more of your target audience since you’ll be showcasing your business to customers both offline and online.

Related: Is your website ready for increased traffic from your QR code marketing? Find out with our free, instant website grader.


3. Use QR codes for specific offers

The nice thing about QR codes is that they can be separated from your other marketing materials. For example, if you want to test how a new offer performs against offers you’re running via other channels, like local PPC, you could easily do that.

You might want to offer a special discount to those who visit you in-store, versus online. You could print out your QR code and showcase it on your storefront. That way, only people who physically visit could have access to scanning the code. It could lead to a page that gives them a secret coupon code, access to a contest or giveaway, and more.


4. Add QR codes to receipts to grow your online reviews

As mentioned above, you can add your QR code to anything you like, from merchandise to menus. In fact, a common QR code marketing win used by businesses is to apply them to local listings.

You could have a QR code automatically print out on customer receipts that links them to your Google Business Profile or your Yelp page. Add a blurb next to the QR code asking for referrals and reviews, to boost your web presence in the local market.

This is especially handy since the more online reviews your business gets the better.


5. Use QR codes to boost your social media following

Another way you could grow your online presence with QR code marketing is to link to your social media pages. This an easy way to gain more followers, as well as increase engagement,on any pages you feel may be lacking.

You could have a QR code that links to your LinkedIn Company Page, Instagram or Facebook pages, Twitter account, Snapchat profile, and any social media platform in between.

You could also elevate your video marketing strategy by having a QR code lead to your YouTube Channel or a specific video post.

Try sharing out your social media QR code on your website, at your office, on your work vehicle, or in-store with a little note. You’ll want to include a clear, call to action to hit home on this social media strategy, like “Follow us on social media!” or “Like our post on Instagram!” You may even decide to get creative and incorporate hashtags in the note or linked post to catch your audience’s eye.


6. Increase sales with QR code payments

QR codes are a no-brainer when it comes to increasing sales for your business since you can have a QR code set to link to specific product pages or payment methods. This can be a goal-crushing e-commerce strategy for online businesses, but also a fit for brick-and-mortar stores too.

You don’t have to just lead folks in the buyer’s journey to an inventory page. You could also send them to a product information page, or even better, a payment page. If you offer any sort of online payment system, like PayPal or Shopify’s Shop Pay, this can also be an easy win to increase purchases.


7. Fold QR codes into your email campaigns

Email marketing also offers special opportunities for QR codes. In fact, adding a QR code to your business emails is a popular email marketing trend.

For example, you could fold QR code marketing right into your email content. Just be sure to encourage your audience to try out the QR code when you’re working on your email copywriting. Plus, you could tease your audience with a hint that there’s a QR code inside through your email subject lines.

Remember, QR codes are scannable both in the real world and on digital screens. So, emails are a great way to boost your QR code marketing ROI digitally.


8. Test customized landing pages

You could have the best digital marketing strategy in the world, but if you’re not optimizing your landing pages your efforts will be fruitless. That’s why using QR codes to constantly test landing page updates to find out what works best is the ultimate small business secret weapon.

You can direct people who only scan certain QR codes to go to specific landing pages. That way, you’re testing customized landing pages without sacrificing the standard traffic your website you may already be getting.

Before you try this last QR code marketing strategy, be sure your website is in tip-top condition to compete against your QR code landing pages. Try free, online website grader tools to find areas for optimization that you can test on your separate QR code landing pages.


QR code marketing success decoded

QR code marketing is a unique experience for your customers that will help you get ahead of your competition. With QR code marketing, you can solve customer pain points and make your business more accessible than ever before.

To recap, here are the top ways to use QR code marketing for your business:

Use QR code UTM tracking to help measure success

Add QR codes to print materials for increased website traffic

Use QR codes for special offers

Add QR codes to receipts and get reviews

Use QR codes to boost your social media following

Increase sales with QR code payments

Fold QR codes into your email campaigns

Test customized QR code landing pages

Susie Marino

Susie is a senior content marketing specialist at LocaliQ where she uses her experience as a PPC consultant to share tips, tactics, and best practices. Outside of work, Susie loves to get outside for some snowboarding or (once the cold weather melts away) hiking!

Other posts by Susie Marino

Ppc Automation: When & How To Use It

One of my favorite questions for new professional acquaintances is, “What’s your favorite innovation from the past six months, and why?”

I like this question for a few reasons:

It gives me a sense of where the person focuses and where we might be able to collaborate.

The “why” tells me whether they understand the thing or if they are just following the trends.

Innovation can mean many things, and understanding what the person finds innovative is helpful in framing other marketing concepts.

Automation almost always comes up. PPC marketers are spoiled for choice on ways to automate their workflows, such as:

Bidding: Using native strategies or building their own rules and scripts.

Creative: Fully delegating control or leveraging built-in A/B testing.

Audiences: Owning targeting/exclusions or opting into machine learning choices through broad match and Performance Max (PMax).

Channels: Directly choosing budget and creative allocation vs. allowing for algorithms to make those calls.

This article will not pass judgment on which automation options you might choose to opt into. Rather, it will outline the mechanics of each, as well as how to make them work.

Automation In Bidding

Bidding arguably is one of the few things that should always be automated.

Automated rules based on key metrics that adjust bids based on predefined criteria.

Bid adjustments using levers like device, location, and audiences to bid up or down.

Native Bidding

If you opt for native bidding, it’s vital that you trust your conversion tracking. Ad networks use conversions as the main guiding light to know whether to invest or pull back.

A common mistake people make is including too many conversion actions as primary. This usually results in double counting or including steps on the journey that aren’t worth feeding into the algorithm.

Automated Rules

Rules and scripts are helpful when you have enough data to know what your bids should be. They typically need larger budgets to help compensate for being on manual bidding (and forfeiting the native bid signals).

The most common signals are:

Changes in performance: CTR, CPA, conversion rate, CPC.

Desired/undesired groups of people: audiences, locations, times of day, and devices.

Predefined dates/events.

While these do require healthy data, the biggest pitfall for rules/scripts is the human element.

If the input is incorrect, it might hurt the campaign.

Bid Adjustments

This used to be my favorite way to automate bids: set a conservative manual bid and go aggressive on the bid adjustments.

Bid adjustments could be used to direct budget away from, or towards, desired prospects and give the user the most control.

However, with the improvements to native bid adjustments, it’s harder to justify using these. If you are planning on running a purely manual campaign, these are a must.

Which To Use?

If you trust your conversion tracking, there’s no reason not to use native bidding.

Max Conversions with a TCPA goal and Max Conversion Value without a goal beat “manual” bidding’s 6.8% conversion rate.

However, if you aren’t able to put in accurate conversion value data or set realistic TCPA goals, going manual with rules, scripts, or bid adjustments will serve better.

Creative Automation

The human mind is supposed to be better at coming up with the right content for the right audience.

Creative falls into these categories:

Marketers can choose whether to allow full learning or to help it along by pinning creative to desired locations.

It can be tempting to pin all assets to recreate Expanded Text Ads. However, as this Optmyzr study shows, you’ll get a higher conversion rate by allowing for some freedom in the learning.

Visual creative (static display images and videos) are a bit tougher.

Dynamic Search Ads (DSAs) are powerful; however, much of their utility has been absorbed into PMax. Part of their power is leveraging the well-SEOed nature of a site to help Google know which landing pages relate to a query.

Headlines are derived from the language on the landing page.

When To Use Auto-Generated Creative?

Currently, it’s not a question of “when” – almost all creative has automation baked into it, to a certain extent.

The main choices to make are whether to fully delegate creative control or partner with the machine.

Assets (formerly known as extensions) should almost never be automated. This is because you want to use them to their fullest: highlighting high-value services, and amplifying ad messages.

Audience Automation

However, the privacy-first web has restricted which audiences we can use, and even saw the depreciation of some of them.

Marketers access audiences through the following:

Direct targets: Native or first-party audiences.

Broad match: Leveraging the baked-in audiences.

PMax: Built-in audiences or human-crafted audience signals.

Smart/Auto bidding: Baked in audiences which influence increases/decreases in bids.

Choosing to opt into any of the automated audiences (i.e., any that a human doesn’t actively choose) depends entirely on how much you trust your conversion tracking.

It’s also important that your creative matches the audience you’re targeting. As a general rule of thumb, opting into automated audiences means manually excluding audiences you don’t want (provided there are no restrictions).

Manually choosing audiences (particularly opting into audience signals for PMax) invites room for human error. This is why it’s important to use data to inform your choices.

Consider building custom search intent audiences based on your top converting search terms (as opposed to the keywords themselves).

When To Use Automated Audiences

Unless you’re in a restricted industry, it almost always makes sense to have some manual influence on the audiences. This influence can be exclusions or outright targets.

However, as broad match, smart bidding, and PMax have evolved, it’s worth testing the baked-in audiences.

At best, they thrive, and you’re able to benefit from leaning into the ad platform’s toys.

At worst, you have data to harvest and can be proactive in future exclusions and ad creative choices.

Automation Ad Channels

This is one of the biggest areas for contention with marketers. Marketing channels are a strategic choice, and delegating this level of strategy can cause understandable uneasiness.

However, depending on how the human interacts with the automation, it can still be a net positive experience.

Automating ad channels boils down to the following:

PMax: Combining all Google ad channels into a single campaign.

Search with Display Expansion: Google and Microsoft options to have search and display share the same budget.

Sometimes PMax can outperform campaigns with more controls in place. This is usually due to the following being true:

Conversion values are in play.

Ad creatives represent all placements.

There are other standalone campaigns for the PMax campaign to learn from.

Many marketers default to search first, and not all prospects want to consume information that way.

Additionally, by the time the person is searching for the thing, they usually have a “shortlist” of brands they’re interested in.

PMax enables brands to access visual placements and top-of-funnel interactions without carving out a separate budget for it.

It is important to have account-wide negative keywords and placement exclusions for any automated channel campaigns.

When To Automate Marketing Channels

The biggest deciding factors will be budget and conversion data.

If you trust your conversions (and are able to include conversion values), automated marketing makes a ton of sense. The human marketer puts safeguards in place via negative keywords, audiences, and placements.

If you don’t trust your conversion tracking and budgets are restricted, you’ll want to be specific about where marketing dollars are invested.

It’s important to note that image extensions (available on both Google and Microsoft) are a valid answer to multi-channel campaigns that need more control.

If you are under strict brand standards and/or have to report on all channel ROI, that might be a more feasible solution for you.

Final Takeaways

Automation is ultimately a net positive for digital marketers.

How much folks engage with it depends on which tasks are core competencies and which are struggles.

The more a brand trusts its data, the easier it is to lean into automation.

More resources:

Featured Image: /Shutterstock

What Is Bitlocker And How To Use It In Windows 10? – Webnots

With online criminal activities on the rise, most people prefer keeping their sensitive data locally in a personal computer. This way they can keep their computer safe and prevent unauthorized access to information saved in the PC. Nevertheless, what happens in the event your device gets lost or stolen? Your sensitive data could still land into the wrong hands.

Related: What is Windows Services and how they work?

This means that you still need extra data protection measures to keep your sensitive data safe. One of the most effective ways to protect data in your Windows 10 is encrypting your hard drive with BitLocker. Data encryption makes your data on the hard drive unreadable unless the user has the right encryption key or password. In this post, we explore the fundamentals of BitLocker and encrypting hard disks in Windows 10.

Fundamentals of BitLocker

BitLocker is a Microsoft’s disk encryption and security tool, integrated into Windows 10 Pro and Enterprise versions. The program enables Windows 10 users to encrypt an entire computer hard drive or removable storage disk, to protect the drive contents from malicious offline attacks. Windows BitLocker uses the AES algorithm with 256 or 128-bit key encrypt all the content in your disk.

This disk encryption prevents unauthorized users from reading, extracting, modifying or retrieving data in event of device theft or loss. To access and decrypt the data, the user must use the correct recovery key. If your PC is running on Windows 10, you can use BitLocker to enhance the security of your confidential data. However, you need to consider the following requirements and limitations.


BitLocker Encryption Requirements and Limitations

BitLocker is available on Windows 10 Enterprise and Pro editions so it may not be useful for the Home edition users.

A security features. However, you may use the lesser effective software encryption option for PCs lacking the TPM chip.

Bios that supports TPM or USB devices at start-up.

A hard drive with at least two partitions with the NTFS file system format.

BitLocker disk encryption may take time so your PC should be connected to a power supply and free from any interruptions.

Does Your Computer Have TPM Chip?

Before you start the BitLocker encryption process, it is important to confirm that

To do so, Press the “Win + X” shortcut keys on your keyboard and open Windows “Device Manager”.

Confirm TPM

How to Encrypt a Disk with BitLocker?

After checking and confirming the availability of the TPM chip in your PC, the disk encryption process is simple and straightforward.

Key Backup

Select the disk encryption space. The “Used disk space” encryption is recommended when encrypting a new disk while “entire disk” encryption is best for a disk that is already in use.

Encryption Space

Note: After BitLocker encryption, the new data you add to the drive will be encrypted automatically.

Pick the appropriate encryption mode and go to the “Next” page.

Start Encryption

The process may take minutes to hours depending on the size of the disk. You can monitor the drive encryption progress and close the Wizard when the process completes.

Encryption Progress

Managing BitLocker in Windows 10

For your drive encryption to work, you need to prepare the TPM to support the security feature.

Activate TPM


The BitLocker is a very useful security tool that helps to protect your confidential data against unauthorized access. You can encrypt an entire PC volume or removable disk in Windows 10 and only a person with the right encryption password can view, modify or use BitLocker encrypted data.

What Is Openai Jukebox And How To Use It?

AI has grown in importance, especially Generative AI in writing and image creation. But now we have a member on the list of generative AI creations, music. Now people can create or generate music using AI tools without spending hours in studios.

We have OpenAI’s music-making AI model, Jukebox starting in the world of AI music. The tool is far from complete and does not sound great, so t it has the potential to be a game-changing tool in the market.

So what is Jukebox all about, and how can someone use it? That is what we will answer in this article. 

What is OpenAI Jukebox: AI That Generates Music as Raw Audio

Jukebox is OpenAI’s music generator that can create audio if information about music genre, artist, or even lyrics is provided. With all that information, this AI tool will work on creating a unique piece of music for you.

The music output will be in Raw format, which is the format that musicians work with when creating music. The format we listen to on our phones is mostly mp3 format songs heavily compressed in size and quality.

But Raw formats like aac are unaltered and uncompressed in every way. So the piece generated by Jukebox will be uncompressed and can be edited or changed in any way a musician wants. The RAW format will ensure greater customizing and editing options. 

Unlike ChatGPT and Dall E, though, Jukebox did not come into the limelight of generative AI much. Its primary cause is the non-user friend web app and tediously long generation time.

To help you better understand, generating a minute-long audio file in Jukebox will require a total render time of something close to 9 hours.

It is more than just the long duration too. You might also have to tinker with some code to better interact with the model.

How Does the OpenAI Jukebox Work?

Unlike other AI tools, Jukebox cannot generate a song from scratch. It requires a combination of prerecorded samples or MIDI information to work on it using its digital synthesizer.

The digital synthesizer will analyze the input to produce an output that resembles the provided data.

This tool is more complex than what we see with other OpenAI tools like ChatGPT and Dall E, but it is only the beginning of AI in the music world. 

How to Use OpenAI Jukebox

Much like what we see with other OpenAI tools, the process here is also somewhat similar. You enter the prompt describing the output you want and let the tool do its magic. 

This tool lets you insert any sample of music as a reference either.

So firstly, you head over to the OpenAI website and download the Jukebox zip file. Once you have the zip file, unzip it and then run the openai-jukebox program file.

After this, provide a dataset of music files to the jukebox program and describe the type of output you expect from the Jukebox. Then let the tool do its job, and after hours of waiting, you will get your production the way you ordered it.

What Can You Do With Jukebox?

The jukebox can only be used as a tool to create unique music content that a content creator can use as its background audio.

Creating a full-fledged song on this tool is not possible at all. It is more like an experiment that can be edited or corrected to get a unique desired audio output.

If you plan to create music from scratch with Jukebox, you simply cannot do that.

OpenAI’s Jukebox Limitations

Significant limitations of OpenAI Jukebox can be narrowed down to two things:

The music rendering time could be faster.

The output is what you get in the end. You can modify the search to get any desired music, but there is only the ability to work and edit the final output. Unlike traditional means, you can’t edit or change the music as it is being prepared.

What is OpenAI’s Jukebox Future

OpenAi will slowly and gradually add more music to the training data of Jukebox, enabling it to work with all kinds of music worldwide.

Dall E 2 got better with more data getting into the training phase. We can expect something similar from Jukebox as well.

The world of music and its data is extensive and incomprehensible in measurable terms. It will take a while to incorporate more musical data into the tool’s training, but once it happens, we might see a tool that could create music just from a single text prompt.

What is the Alternative to the OpenAI Jukebox?

There are many AI music generators: Amper Music, AIVA, Ecrett Music, Soundraw, and Boomy. But the one that best works as a perfect alternative to OpenAI’s Jukebox is OpenAI’s very own MuseNet. 

Musenet is easy to use and takes less time to create music.

Stay tuned for our other articles if you want to know more about these alternative options for AI music generators.

What Does Jukebox Sound Like?

The results that you get out of the Jukebox are far from perfect. Some might argue that the audio could be more usable for most people.

Listening to the music, you can make the shape of the audio and the genre it belongs to, but the sound quality is extremely muffled. It is like listening to old recorded music on an ancient musical device.

It sounds muffled in its output. The audio can also be closely related to the songs we hear on our radio when the frequency is not set perfectly. Some songs that come out sound like a remake of existing songs, while some sound like a continuation of existing songs.

The quality and output of the generated audio are not up to the mark in every standard, but the sheer ability to create any music you want is still astonishing.

As times go, we will see more sophistication come into tools like Jukebox, possibly making it the default choice for new content creators.

How OpenAI’s Jukebox Was Trained and How much data?

OpenAI’s Jukebox was trained with a dataset of over 1.2 million songs, all in English. So the primary training data for the model is old songs, and hence the output they generate mainly does sound like old songs playing on a radio.

In terms of number, 1.2 million might seem like a lot, but in terms of Dall E, hundreds of millions of images were used as a training model.

So, in that case, there is still a lot of training to do. On top of that, the data used in the datasets were only sometimes in consent with the creators. So there is a complication in terms of acquiring as well.

For now, most of the dataset comprises Western music, making it specific to a region. But human musical history far exceeds what 1.2 million songs can capture. With more data pouring in, we might see a better version of Jukebox soon.

Does AI Music Move You?

No, it does not move you as music usually does. To some extent, the music generated by AI is real music, and no one can dismiss that. But the quality of the piece could be better. 

AI in music is not entirely a new concept altogether, though. We have seen some implementations but none as raw audio output.

Jukebox is the first to push out raw work but still lacks enough features and sophistication to be packaged as a commercial tool.

Actual human musicians still produce the best music to move someone, much like ChatGPT and Dall E cannot create the originality only a human can bring to the content.

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