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In a Webmaster Hangout, Google’s John Mueller gave a revealing and detailed look into the process of manual actions. He described in detail the process for assigning a manual spam penalty.

Google’s Mueller noted that Google’s preference is for taking an algorithmic approach. But that in extreme cases they will elect to manually remove a web page from the search results.

Google Prefers Algorithmic Approaches

It is fairly well known that Google prefers to take an algorithmic approach to cancelling out the effects of a spam technique. The reason is because removing one website doesn’t close the loophole that allowed that a spam page to rank. It makes sense to create an algorithmic approach to identifying sites employing a spam technique and remove all of them, not just one.

Here is what Google’s John Mueller said:

“…from a manual point of view we try to take action when we realize that we can’t solve it algorithmically. When something is really causing a problem and it’s affecting our search results… that’s some place where the manual webs pam team might step in and say we need to take action here.

Which could be to demote the website in search to kind of neutralize specific elements on a page. It could be in an extreme case to remove a page from search. “

As can be seen from his statement, the manual action is taken when the problem cannot be solved algorithmically.

What kinds of spam can’t be solved algorithmically? Google has in the past taken manual actions against specific industries when they were successfully spamming Google’s search results.

An example of a manual action that couldn’t be solved algorithmically was noted by Google Schema Developer page for Job Postings. Google issued a warning that failure to remove expired job postings were subject to a manual action.

Google Does Not Casually Ban Sites

John Mueller gave an inside look at how the manual action penalty is a peer reviewed process. A single spam team member can’t take action all by themselves. This is reassuring because it means that manual actions are treated seriously and not casually initiated. A manual action must be reviewed by other team members.

Here is how John Mueller described how Google penalizes a website:

“But these are things where people manually look at these pages and all of the actions from the manual web spam team they get reviewed by someone else on the team. So it’s not that one person can come in and say I’m confused about this website and remove it from the Internet.

It’s really something which we try to do fairly rarely and usually really in kind of the extreme cases.”

Don’t Confuse a Penalty with Inability to Rank

Traditionally, the way to tell the difference between a penalty and an inability to rank is by checking if the site is in the index. A penalized website cannot be found in Google’s search results. That’s the traditional hallmark of a penalized website.

Watch the Google Webmaster Hangout about Manual Action Penalties

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How To Disable Suggested Actions In Windows 11

The Suggested Actions in Windows 11 is a new feature. It provides suggestions if you copy a phone number/date/time to the clipboard using apps like Notepad, Microsoft Outlook, Gmail, MS Word, Microsoft ToDo, Sticky Notes and more. When the suggestions appear, you have to select a suggestion to further action.

This feature was launched with the Windows 11 22H2 update with several other new features. Unfortunately, this particular feature had a mixed reception. Some Windows 11 users are grateful to have this option, but some are simply annoyed and want to disable it.

So, if you are not fond of the new Suggested Actions in Windows 11 and want to disable it, this article is just for you. Read the guide below and learn the steps to disable this feature.

Disable Suggested Actions in Windows 11

The Suggested Actions feature is not everyone’s cup of tea. So, you may want to disable it. Disabling this option is simple and complicated at the same time. There are two built-in options to disable Suggested Actions in Windows 11. But if you have enabled the feature using ViVeTool, it would be best to disable Suggested Actions using the same tool.

1. From Windows Settings

This is probably the easiest procedure and if possible, stick to it. Here’s how to do it.

1. Open Windows 11 Settings.

2. Using Windows Registry Editor

Using Registry Editor is extremely risky. It is the heart of Windows, where all the system settings are available. So, one mistake! Good Bye Windows. Experts recommend taking a backup of the Registry Editor. Do it if possible. Once you are finished, follow the steps below.

1. Open Windows Registry Editor. (Press Win + R to open the RUN dialogue box. Type regedit and hit Enter to open Registry Editor.)

2. Navigate to the SmartClipboard key.

3. Access its Disabled value.

4. Change the Value Data to 1.

5. Exit Registry Editor.

Not too complicated. Still, navigate through the registry editor carefully.

Note: You can disable the Suggested Actions by changing the value to 1. Similarly, you can enable it by changing the value to 0.

3. With Windows ViVeTool

If you have enabled Suggested Actions on Windows 11 22H2 using ViVeTool, then use the same tool to disable it. Here’s how to do it.

1. You probably have the ViveTool already. If you don’t, download it from the GitHub page.

2. A ZIP file will download and you have to extract the contents.

4. After that, select Next and extract the files.

5. Create a new folder and name it the same as the ZIP File.

11. Hit Enter to run the command.

12. Now, run the following command.

vivetool /disable /id:34592303

After executing this command, exit the command prompt. Restart your computer and Suggested Actions should be disabled.

Frequently Asked Questions

How to turn off Microsoft Word suggestions?

How to get rid of search bar suggestions on Windows 11?

Summing Up

Hence, disabling the Suggested Actions in Windows 11 is not a difficult task. This feature was rolled out with Windows 11 22H2 update but disabled in some regions.

If it’s already disabled, then you don’t have to worry about it. But if you have it enabled on your computer and want to get rid of it as soon as possible, then you need a proper guide. So, follow the guidelines detailed in the article, and you will be able to disable Suggested Actions on your computer.

Learn 6 Major Types Of Manual Testing

Introduction to Manual Testing

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Manual Testing on Software

The software can be tested in two ways by a human manually and automatically by a computer. Each technique has its benefits and drawbacks but shares the fundamental objective of maintaining software quality. We will concentrate on manual testing in this article.


Below are the six types described below.

1. White Box Testing

The software testing strategy includes black box testing and white box tests. Here we discuss white-box tests, referred to as “glass box” tests, structural tests, and clear box tests, and open box tests. It tests inner coding and software infrastructure to verify predefined inputs on anticipated and desired outputs. It is based on an application’s inner functioning and revolves around testing the internal framework.

The programming abilities needed for this sort of testing are the design of test instances. The main objective of white-box testing is to concentrate on the flow of inputs and outputs via the software and to strengthen software safety. Due to the inner system view, the word “white box” is used. The clear box or name of the white box indicates the capacity to look inside the software’s external shell.

2. Black Box Testing

Black Box Testing is a software test method that examines the software’s functionality without looking into its inner structure or coding. A specification of the needs indicated by the client is the main cause of black-box testing. This technique is used to choose a feature and provide an input value to check whether the function provides an anticipated performance.

If the feature yields the right output, it will be tested if otherwise, it will fail. The test team reports the results and then tests the next task. After all, features have been tested, if serious issues occur, the development team will be returned for correction.

3. Integration Testing

Integration Testing is the second stage after unit testing of the software testing method. Units or individual software components are being evaluated in a group during this test. The integration test level focuses on exposing flaws when parts or units are interacting.

Unit testing utilizes test modules, which are combined and tested during integration testing. The software is designed with a number of software components written by various programmers or coders. The objective of integration testing is to verify that communication between all modules is correct.

4. Acceptance Testing

Acceptance tests are official tests based on user requirements and the handling of functions. It determines whether or not the software complies with specific customer demands. It is done as a sort of Black Box test where the necessary amounts of customers participate in the system acceptance test. It’s software testing’s fourth and last level.

But there are still minor mistakes to identify when the system is in the current scenario used by the end-user. The software has now gone through three stages (unit testing, integration testing, and system testing) where changed requirements are present and can not be efficiently conveyed to the development team during the growth of a project.

5. Unit Testing

Unit testing includes the inspection of each software unit or element. It’s the first software test level. The objective behind unit tests is to validate the efficiency of the unit element. A device is one test component of a computer scheme and has been tested during the application software design stage. This test is to check the accuracy of the isolated code. A single function or application code is a unit element.

Testing approach White Box used by designers for unit testing. Unit tests are the first level of tests performed prior to inclusion and other test concentrations in a test level structure. The testing method utilizes modules that reduce the unit testing frames’ reliance on stubs, drivers, and mock items to help in unit testing.

6. System Testing

System testing involves testing the software system completely integrated. Software integration is generally produced by a computer system (every software is only one computer system component). The software is created in units and then interfaced to produce a full computer system with other software and hardware. In other words, a system consists of a group of software for the performance of various functions, but software alone can not accomplish the job.

System testing is a sequence of distinct types of trials for carrying out and testing against demands for the complete functioning of the embedded software computer system. System testing is tested in Black Box as it involves testing the software externally. The testing of minor defects follows the user’s viewpoint.

How to Perform in Manual Testing?

Read the project documentation/guides software and comprehend it. If available, also study the Test Application (AUT). Draft test cases covering all of the documentation demands. Check and reference Team Lead, Customer test cases (as appropriate) Once bugs have been corrected, run the failed test instances again to confirm that they have passed. Black box testing and white box testing is used to perform all test instances manually.

Differences Between Manual and Automation Testing

Automation Testing involves using testing tools Manual testing needs intervention by human beings for testing. Whereas it requires a qualified workforce, long time, and expenses.

Some test kinds like ad hoc and monkey testing are more suitable for manual execution, and any request can be tested manually. Automated tests are only suggested for stable systems and are mainly used for regression testing.

Automation software for automation testing is used for the boring portion to perform the same test instances time and again. Repetitive and boring manual testing can become.

Below are the pros and cons explained.


• The new user can learn very easily

Tools to Perform it

Now we’re going to see some of the tools below:






When to Test Manually? Conclusion Recommended Articles

How Google Glass Will Influence The Way We Connect On Google+

Social media interaction is in a constant state of evolution. Traditionally, progress has been limited to text-based interactions or static video; however through Google+ Hangouts, users are given the ability to ditch asynchronous social media interactions for real-time communication that delivers the ability to see the audience blink, follow hand and body gestures, eye movements and facial expressions. [pullquote]With Glass, expect commonalities to be out in the open, paving the way for apps to display information on an individual, your mutual connections and any common ground that could be useful in opening a conversation.[/pullquote]

Characteristics like these, only available through platforms that offer real-time, face to face communication, have triggered a shift in traditional social media to a new layer that I call Human Media.

The profound effect of shifting from social media to Human Media inspires raw conversation for a deep level of interaction and understanding of user opinions and feelings. And with the introduction of Google Glass, users are given the possibility of connecting to people and surroundings on a whole new level.

Increased Human Media Interaction

Even with the numerous other group video-chat services, Hangouts are the life-breath of Human Media. Hangouts are scalable, further allowing interaction with multiple parties in real-time while broadcasting to the masses. Glass will be no different.

Glass, mixed with the technology of Hangouts, poses a new reality of improved transparency, in-depth customer service or a customized DIY portal.

Charitable organizations and business have the potential to display firsthand the impacts of customer donations and purchases. After buying a pair of TOMS Shoes, imagine viewing the real-time effects of giving away a pair of shoes to a child in need, all in first person.

Or, from a customer service perspective, Glass opens the door to provide businesses with the ability to walk customers through any issues firsthand. Having trouble installing a new hard drive? Pull out Glass and have a customer service representative walk you through it. Is someone close to you in the need of emergency first aid? Let an experienced professional instruct your every movement.

Converging Social Interaction and Traditional Interaction

Glass has the unique ability to take connections past the screen and into the real world. With Glass, expect commonalities to be out in the open, paving the way for apps to display information on an individual, your mutual connections and any common ground that could be useful in opening a conversation.

To make this possible, researchers at Duke University have created an app for Glass that gives users a visual fingerprint, making it easy to identify an individual. The weakness with this app is that currently clothing is the primary determining factor when identifying a user; however in the near future apps similar to this will make it easy to spot friends, pickup colleagues at the airport or even recognize the seller of an item you may have purchased on Craigslist – all without a recent photo.

Integration into Normal Life

The data gathering properties of Google Glass has already ignited controversy over privacy concerns; however, the capabilities are no different than that of a smartphone. The argument lies in the potential to make data gathering less obvious.

Although critics are voicing opinions over privacy concerns, within two years, the reality of Glass, and competing devices, will become a prominent feature in everyday life. Just like the telephone, cell phone and internet, Google Glass will become a social norm – and possibly the third-half of your brain, as Google front man Sergey Brin said in a 2010 New York Times interview.

What many fail to understand is that Glass will be more than a portal for visual updates. This technology opens the door to alter the way we gather and process information, as well as how Google’s search engine serves information. This is the game-changer that has the potential to inspire a new movement of real-time interaction with users across the globe.

How To Change Background On Google Meet

Google Meet has prominently risen to be one of the most popular video conferencing app in today’s time of the pandemic. It offers a wide variety of solutions for most types of users and is available to almost everyone who has a Google account. If you were wondering whether or not you can add virtual backgrounds to your video feed in Google Meet then here’s how you can do that.

How to Change your Background on Google Meet on Android/iOS 

Google recently added a bunch of effects to the Google Meet app on iOS and Android allows users the ability to blur backgrounds, apply new ones, filters, masks, and other effects to your camera view. In order to change and apply new backgrounds during a Google Meet call, you need to meet the following requirements:

You have an iPhone 6s or newer model running iOS 12 or later

You own Google Pixel 3 or newer, Samsung Galaxy S9 and later, and other compatible devices

Before a Video Call

You can apply different backgrounds to your camera feed before joining a call on Google Meet. To do so, you need to join or enter a Google Meet call with a link or one that’s scheduled. When you do so, you’ll enter the meeting’s waiting screen. Here, make sure your camera is enabled by tapping on the Camera icon on the left side of the Microphone icon and the ‘Join’ button. 

When the camera is enabled, tap on the Effects button (the one marked with three stars) inside the camera preview at the top. 

This will load up the ‘Effects’ screen with five options: ‘No effects,’ ‘Blur,’ ‘Backgrounds,’ ‘Styles,’ and ‘Filters’. Here, you can apply blur effects, different backgrounds, filters, and styles to your camera to make your video calls more fun. 

To apply a background, tap on the ‘Backgrounds’ tab at the bottom. 

When you select ‘Backgrounds’, you should get a handful of custom images to apply as your video background including beach, library, office, mountains, sky, art, confetti, home, and more. 

Select the background you wish to apply as your background by simply tapping on it and then tap on ‘Done’ at the bottom right corner of the screen to confirm your selection. 

You will now be taken back to the waiting screen and you should be able to see the newly set background in the camera preview at the top.

From here, you can enter the meeting with others by tapping on the ‘Join’ button and everyone in the call will now be able to see you in front of your selected background. 

During a Video Call

If you hadn’t applied a custom background before entering a video call, you can still apply one after you join it. For this, join or create a meeting with someone using your personal Gmail account and make sure that your camera is enabled. 

When inside the meeting screen, tap on the Effects button (the one marked with three stars) inside the bottom right of your own camera preview.

You’ll now be taken to the ‘Effects’ screen. Here, you’ll see five options: ‘No effects,’ ‘Blur,’ ‘Backgrounds,’ ‘Styles,’ and ‘Filters.’ 

Since you’re here to apply a new custom background, tap on the ‘Backgrounds’ tab at the bottom.

Inside ‘Backgrounds’, you’ll see a bunch of options presented to you including beach, library, office, mountains, sky, art, confetti, home, and more.

Here, select the background you wish to apply behind you by tapping on it and then tap on the ‘X’ icon at the bottom to close the ‘Effects’ overlay.

When you do that, you’ll return to the main meeting screen with the newly applied background that others can view behind you. You can also view the effect inside your thumbnail on the meeting screen.

How to Change your Background on Google Meet on PC

Before a video call

Open your choice of browser and visit Google Meet. You can also use this link.

The image should get automatically applied to your video feed. Depending on the color of your background and your network speed, this could take a couple of seconds.

During a video call

Now select ‘Change background’.

Alternatives you can use

Although the ability to add virtual backgrounds is a great addition to Meet, it doesn’t seem to work well for many users and is nowhere near Zoom’s feature. You might want a better quality solution that does not force you to invest in a green screen and Snap Camera might just be the right solution for you. This tool from the makers of Snapchat comes with a pretty comprehensive facial recognition algorithm that offers much better quality when compared to Google Meet’s quality in this introductory phase. You can refer to this guide in case you wish to try out Snap camera.

How To Drop A Pin On Google Maps

Last Updated on August 30, 2023

Dropping pins is a handy feature on Google Maps. It allows you to mark and save specific locations, enabling you to share them with friends, as well as helping you keep note of some of your favorite places you like to visit! 

You are also able to add little notes to each of these pins, so if there’s a restaurant that has a specific dish you love, you can write that in your notes and share it with friends, or just have it as a reminder for the next time you visit! 


How To Drop A Pin On A Mobile Device

As long as you have the most recent version of Google Maps, it will drop pins for you automatically, even if you don’t want to. The good news is, that you can delete them just as quickly as you can enable them.

Here’s how you can drop pins in a few simple steps:



Go To Google Maps

Go to the Google Maps application and open it up on Android or iPhone.



Scroll To The Location

Either scroll to the location where you would like to place a pin, or use the search bar at the top of the screen to find a specific location.



Lightly Hold Your Finger On The Location To Pin

Lightly hold your finger on the location you would like to pin, and you will see it appear as a red icon.



Tap On The Icon

Tap on the icon, and you’ll be able to save, share, get directions, or add notes to the location.


How To Remove A Pin On A Mobile Device

As mentioned earlier, removing a pin is also very straightforward. All you need to do is zoom out, and at the top of the screen, your location will appear with an ‘X’ next to it. If you select the ‘X’, your pin will disappear.


How To Drop A Pin On A Computer

You may prefer dropping pins using Google Maps on your computer, as you’ll have a bigger screen and a mouse, which can be easier than using your fingers on a smaller screen.



Open The Google Maps Website

Begin by opening the Google Maps website.



Use The Search Bar

You can either use the search bar and type in a location (the pin will be dropped automatically if you do this), or you can scroll through the map to find your desired location.





Select The Navigation Icon

If you would like directions for this location, you can select the navigation icon from the information box.



Save The Pin

This box will also enable you to save the pin, and it will appear in ‘Your Places’ in the main menu of Google Maps.


How To Pin Multiple Locations On Your Computer

If you’d like to see different pins on the same map, you’ll need to create your own map! This sounds much more complicated than it is. Follow these simple steps:



Open Google Maps Website

Open the Google Maps website and sign in to your account.



Select The Menu Icon



Select Save

Give your map a name, and then select ‘Save’.



Search For Locations

You can then search manually for locations, or scroll through the map and save your locations.



Final Thoughts

We hope you have found this article helpful in providing you with a simple guide on how you can pin your locations.

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