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Introduction to Django Signals

The following article provides an outline for Django Signals. Django offers different features to the user, and that signal is one of the features that Django provides. The single strategy allows us to decouple applications to get notifications when an event occurs. For example, sometimes we need to invalidate the webpage every time with the help of a model instance, but there are several places where we need to update the code, so at that time, we can use singles to handle that situation. In another case, when we have extended custom Django users by one-to-one relationships, we usually use a single dispatcher to listen to the user.

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What are Django Signals?

In certain special-use scenarios, the business requirement of an application may necessitate specific processing to be performed shortly before or after saving the information to a dataset. This implies there ought to be a method for knowing when the information will be saved or has recently been saved in the data set by the Django model strategy save().

How to Create Django Signals?

Let’s see how we can create Django signals as follows:

Signals are utilized to play out any activity on the change of a model case. The signs are utilities that assist us with interfacing occasions with activities. For example, we can foster a capability that will run when a sign calls it. As such, Signals are utilized to play out some activity on change/making of a specific passage in the Database. For instance, one would need to make a profile case when another client occasion is made in the Database.

There are three types of signals as follows:

preserve and postsave: These signals execute before and after the save () method.

predelete and postdelete: These signals execute before and after the delete () method.

preinit and postinit: These signals execute before and after instantiating the model.

On the off chance that you know about the observer design pattern, this is fairly how django executes it. Or if nothing else fills a similar need.

The signs machinery has two vital components: the shippers and the collectors. As the name proposes, the shipper is the one liable to dispatch a sign, and the recipient is the person who will get this sign and afterward follow through with something. A collector should be a capability or an occurrence technique to get signals. A shipper should either be a Python item or none to get occasions from any source. “Signal dispatchers” establish the connection between shippers and recipients by utilizing the interface technique to transmit signals.

The Django framework also defines a ModelSignal, which is a subclass of signal that enables the source to be lazily specified as a string in the app_label.ModelName format. Be that as it may, taking everything into account, we will continuously need to utilize the Signal class to make custom signs. So to get a sign, you want to enroll a collector capability that gets called when the symbol is sent by utilizing the signal.connect() technique.

First, we need to create a project and a model; let’s assume we have already begun a model and other details, so add the code below.


from chúng tôi import AppConfig class StudentConfig(AppConfig): name = 'student' def ready(self): import student.signals


Now signals are live; we can see in the below screenshot as follow:

At the same time, we can check the admin view, as shown in the below screenshot.

Uses of Django Signals

1. A Signal is an item relating to a specific occasion. For instance, we could characterize the accompanying sign to address a pizza has finished cooking.


from django.dispatch import Signal coffee = Signal(providing_args=["type", "size"])

Signs can send messages. To achieve this, you call the send() method on the signal instance, passing in a sender argument along with any pre-defined arguments.

2. Beneficiaries are callables that are associated with a specific sign. When the sign sends its message, each associated beneficiary gets called. Therefore, recipients’ capability marks should match what the sign’s send () technique utilizes.


from django.dispatch import receiver from coffee import signals @receiver(signals.coffee_done) def off_when_coffee_done(sender, type, size, ****): Example of Django Signals

Let’s see an example if you want to create a profile of a user using postsave signals as follows:

First, we must create a project per our requirement or create a separate environment that depends on the user. After creating the project inside the model, add the code below.

from chúng tôi import models from django.contrib.auth.models import Student class Profile(models.Model): student = models.OneToOneField(User, on_delete=models.CASCADE) studphoto = models.ImageField(default='extension of photo', uploadto='studentprofilepics') def __str__(self): return f'{self.student.studname} Profile'

Now inside the view file, add the below code.


from django.shortcuts import render, redirect from django.contrib import msg from django.contrib.auth.decorators import login from .forms import StudRegiForm, StudUpdateForm, def studregister(request): if request.method == 'POST': form = StudRegiForm(request.POST) if form.is_valid(): studname = form.claear_data.get('studname') msg.success(request, f'student added successfully') return redirect('studlogin') else: form = StudRegiForm() return render(request, 'student/studregi.html', {'form': form}) def profile(request): if request.method == 'POST': formu = StudUpdateForm(request.POST, instance=request.student) formp = ProfileUpdateForm(request.POST, request.FILES, instance=request.user.profile) if formu.is_validu() and formu.is_valid(): msg.success(request, f'Update done') return redirect('profile') } return render(request, 'student/profile.html', context)

Now create a form as per our requirement; after completing the form, we need to add a single; here, we use the receiver method as follows.


from django.db.models.signals import saves, delete from django.contrib.auth.models import Student from django.dispatch import receiver from .models import StudProfile @receiver(postsave, sender=Student) def create_profile(sender, instance, created,): if created: StudentProfile.objects.create(student=instance) @receiver(postsave, sender=Student) def saveprofile(sender, instance,):

Now we need to write code for signal connection as below.


from chúng tôi import AppConfig class StudentConfig(AppConfig): name = 'student' def ready(self): import student.signals



With the help of the above article, we saw about the Django signals. From this article, we saw basic things about the Django signals and the features and installation of the Django signals, and how we use them in the Django signals.

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Example And Types Of Leveraged Loans With Its Uses

Introduction to Leveraged Loans

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These are simple loans; their distribution and arrangement are the only difference. They are arranged for the companies already having debts and are set by the syndicate banks. These are managed by private equity firms, hedge funds, and other players.

Example of Leveraged Loans Types of Leverage Loans

There are three types :

Underwritten Deals: In this type, the arranger guarantees the entire loan amount by entering into the underwriting deal. The arranger must bear any left-out loan if the investors do not subscribe to the loan amount. He can try to sell the remaining loan in the market later on. Even if the market conditions are down in the future, the arranger is the only one who bears losses by selling the loan even at a discounted rate.

Best- Efforts: Contrary to the above, instead of committing the entire amount of underwriting of the loan, the arranger group commits to underwrite less than the whole amount. Any undersubscribed amount can be adjusted per the market variations, or it can be left as a credit. If, after the changes also, the loan continues to be unsubscribed, the lower amount of the loan has to be accepted by the borrower to close the deal.

Club Deal: This type of deal is usually for private equity players. The private equity players can acquire targets previously held by more prominent strategic players anytime in the past while distributing the exposure risk. These are larger-sized loans than own funding by the lenders and are used for M&A activity.

Leveraged Loans Index Uses of Leveraged Loans

There are many M&A deals where leveraged buyout (LBO) is used. Leveraged loans form an essential and significant portion of LBO. Hence, these are used in many M& A deals.

The Loans are used to better prepare the company’s balance sheet in case of its stock repurchase.

Debts of the companies can be refinanced with the help of these.

The company can use it for its day-to-day operations and acquiring various long-term assets.

Leveraged Loans vs High Yield

Leveraged Loans are secured loans guaranteed by the company’s assets, whereas high-yield bonds are not secured.

As the Leveraged Loans are secured, they prioritize getting paid in case of the company’s insolvency, whereas the High Yield bonds are paid after the Leveraged Loans.


The loan amount obtained through these loans can push the company’s capital, and if that amount is used correctly, it can make the company achieve its dream heights.

When the business has objectives of acquisition, management buyout, shares buy-back, or a one-time dividend, leveraged loans suit the best because there are additional costs and risks of bulking up on debt.

The company takes these Loans in addition to other debts, i.e., short-term and long-term debts. It brings the company to a higher than average debt level, and in the long run, it possesses an increased leverage risk.

The interest rates paid in these loans are higher; hence, this type of funding proves costly for the company.

The process of taking, dealing with, and managing leveraged loans is much more complex; thus, the management must invest much time.

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How Edtech Uses Ml To Create A Personalized Educational Experience

Technological innovations go side by side with increasing the quality of education to improve students’ personal, professional, and social development. Machine learning algorithms analyze how students perceive the information, allowing them to go back and repeat material or progress further. 

Personalized learning as a new perspective in education

It is never too late to study. Everyone can be a student now, including adults who already have a family, a job, and possibly an academic background. For such students, learning with modern technology is the most comfortable way to get an additional diploma or skills and combine education with other daily tasks. 

According to Statista, the global education software market will be worth about $11.6bn billion by 2025.

It could be effective for public schools, colleges, universities, and courses, which often serve a diverse student population and provide a broader range of educational services. 

There are different approaches to personalized learning:

Adaptive learning

Students get necessary human and digital resources based on their unique needs.

Individualized learning

The pace of learning is adjusted relative to the needs of individual learners.

Competency-based learning

Students progress through learning relative to their ability to demonstrate competence,  knowledge, and skills.

Based on the performance history and the most meaningful and relevant learning activities, ML mechanisms will select the best approach to build the unique educational process and increase motivation to study. 

Benefits of personalizing the learning experience

Faster results.

Based on each person’s strengths, weaknesses, and qualifications, personalized methods save students time learning irrelevant content that does not match their level and experience.

ML-enabled solutions provide more relevant educational data, stimulate students to interact more, and help to increase the rate of memorizing information.

Improved learning outcomes.

ML algorithms predict results by tailoring content to the learner’s experience and personal goals. For example, a student in an online course can point out a specific ability gap and then receive customized recommendations to enhance expertise. 

Tailored learning materials.

ML helps create new content and select existing materials based on students’ academic performance and individual requirements. This way, educational institutions and online portals can properly plan learning processes and provide personalized educational materials and recommendations. 

ML-enabled educational methods Learning through online platforms

Modern online learning platforms provide access to the best professors and universities worldwide. They offer multilingual educational content, blended online and offline learning, and personalized experiences without geographic barriers. For example, many countries support teachers and trainers by providing online training to enhance information and communication technology (ICT) skills, help prepare online training materials, and run online classes, especially after COVID-19.

ML algorithms analyze the online course content, identify whether the information is relevant to current standards, and find if users understand what they learn. 

For example, Udemy, one of the largest educational marketplaces worldwide, unites students and teachers worldwide and offers more than 150,000 courses. By answering a few simple questions, members get an optimized set of suitable courses and relevant materials on demand. 

Carnegie Learning uses ML in its educational platforms for high school and undergraduates. The platforms offer solutions in math, literacy, and world languages. Among the key features of Carnegie Learning’s platforms are simulated human tutors and one-on-one private instruction. The company has won numerous education awards, including “Best Artificial Intelligence/Machine Learning Application” at the Tech Edvocate Awards.

The University of California at San Diego used ML to create a platform for online bioinformatics courses. The main goal is to enable students to learn in their own way and achieve maximum results in a comfortable environment. The course curriculum adapts to the student’s pace, personalizing data and providing as much information as they can understand at once.

All-round mobile learning

Mobile learning is part of e-learning, which gives 24/7 access to educational content via mobile devices. Mobile educational apps significantly reduce the dependence on a specific location and adapt the materials not only to the user’s needs, lifestyle, and knowledge level but also to the fast-paced environment, as users mostly learn on the go.

Online educational resources Udemy and Coursera provide thousands of courses in various disciplines, available through web portals and mobile applications that allow students to continue learning whenever and wherever they are.  

ML-enabled educational apps increase students’ engagement and improve their learning experience by personalizing the content they need according to multiple parameters and their learning behavior.

Another prime example of mobile learning is Duolingo. It is an app that helps learn foreign languages. Duolingo uses ML to predict the probability of remembering certain words or phrases. If the app detects that the user frequently misses these words or phrases, it recommends practicing them until the user becomes proficient. The app can also correct students if they make grammatical errors or mistranslations. 

Advanced grading

When it comes to teaching, Kahoot!, for example, offers a free platform that allows teachers to create and share quizzes to check who has mastered a topic or needs more work.

Quizlet comes up with an intelligent grading option. It goes beyond comparing students’ answers to the correct ones. It analyzes the meaning of what is written and gives a fair grade, even if the answer is paraphrased or contains typos and minor grammatical errors.

The University of California at Berkeley has created the Gradescope tool, which grades students’ work in voluminous courses. Teachers can set the assessment parameters and get an accurate picture of students’ knowledge by adjusting multiple settings for each course.

ML for classwork personalization

Engagement level indicates teaching quality. It displays how students comprehend the material and tracks time spent on homework. It requires tools to measure activities during the learning process and to track the students’ competence profiles, which will help improve their educational experience.

Knewton was one of the first companies that actively applied data analytics technology to education. It built an adaptive educational platform that connects to any modern learning management system (LMS).

The idea is that the application adapts to a student’s unique learning curve, identifying each strength and weakness. Then teachers at Knewton create adaptive lessons to meet each student’s needs.  

SchooLinks is an ML-based platform with a curriculum that engages students in career education, planning, and college applications. The platform works with colleges and universities in many US states. ML algorithms use student data to personalize college recommendations and content to boost engagement. 

The bottom line 

These days, the most competitive characteristic of an educational project is the ability to provide customized content in the most favorable format for learning. 

The massive implementation of machine learning has changed educational services. As a result, we see learning become more individualized and personalized, offering students control over their preferences at the most convenient time and format. ML-based tools are driving a significant shift in the ability to improve learning outcomes.

How Does It Work With Example And Application?

What is a Balloon Payment?

Balloon payment, as the term suggests, refers to a lump sum payment made by the borrower to the lender towards the loan or mortgage, usually higher than the monthly installments made towards the loan. A balloon payment is produced mainly at regular intervals or even at the end of the loan tenure.

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Key Takeaways for Balloon Payment

Balloon payments and mortgages have a commercial flair to them. Since it involves more significant loan amounts and larger payments, it’s not uncommon for retail consumers to prefer to stay away from it.

There is no question here to check whether balloon payments are good or bad, as it depends on the borrower and his financial obligations/requirements.

How does it work?

The borrower takes a short-term loan, but monthly payments to be made towards the loan are calculated as if the loan is to be repaid in a longer timeframe, say 10, 20, or even 30 years timeframe. Here if you notice, the amount to be repaid by the borrower for the loan taken for the short term may not cover the whole loan repayment, and thus the concept of balloon payment comes into the picture.

Here, the borrower takes a loan from the lender at a mutually agreed timeframe and interest rate. Once the loan transaction has taken place, parties agree on when to schedule the balloon payments and accordingly arrive at a monthly payment to be made by the borrower regularly.

It is not uncommon for the borrower to make balloon payments towards the loan at the end of loan tenure to repay the whole balance principal amount.

Example of Balloon Payment

Let’s say Mr. Peter has taken a $500,000 loan for a tenure of 5 years at an interest rate of 4%.

Based on the above example, Peter will have to make a balloon payment of $356,780 at the end of the 5th year.

Based on mutual discussion amongst the parties, the reader may note that they may agree to a balloon payment at the beginning of the loan tenure or anytime during the loan tenure. In such a scenario, the interest charge may change accordingly.

Let’s take another scenario of the balloon payment, wherein Mr. Peter takes the loan with the same conditions. Still, the parties agree to charge only interest for the loan tenure period, with the principal repaid at the end of the loan tenure.

In such a case, Mr. Peter will pay approximately $900 monthly for five years, which will be adjusted towards interest. In such a situation, Mr. Peter can use the $500,000 immediately for his financial needs for small payments towards the interest component. This helps him in finance management.

Balloon Payments and Mortgages

A balloon payment mortgage is nothing but a loan taken, and the repayment is structured so that it already considers the balloon payments to be made by the borrower at the end of the loan tenure.

Application of Balloon Payments

Application of balloon payments is mainly found by organizations which may be small business owners, home buyers, businesses planning an expansion, and companies being in or entering into the development phase of the growth cycle.

Usually, these are the businesses or categories which require an initial more enormous cash outflow, with revenue-yielding activities taking up starting a couple of years.

It will be good to understand that having balloon payments structured in loan help these businesses meet the initial cash crunch and act as a great financial tool.

Advantages of Balloon Payments

Lower monthly payments are to be made, as the calculation for monthly payments is made on a more extended tenure basis.

Saved from the burden of high-interest rates, the person will not have to bear interest if he has to take a loan for a longer duration.

Beneficial for people who have bulk payments coming into the business

Helpful for people who need short-term financing

A person may be able to fetch larger loans in comparison to the usual loan

Useful for people who anticipate getting bulk income at particular or specified times

A default will be very detrimental, as the borrower will have to make the balloon payment in any way.

High risk as the repayment to be made towards balloon payment is huge

Refinancing is possible but will entail higher interest rates

The borrower may overestimate his repaying capacity

In case the borrower plans to sell off a particular asset to make the balloon payment, a change in a market scenario can have a significant impact on the prices of the asset

Improper planning is a significant hindrance to balloon payment structures


In a few words, balloon payment means a loan that involves monthly payments of a smaller amount towards interest and principal (mostly good) and a lump sum payment at the end of loan tenure towards the principal. This large payment made at the end of loan tenure is nothing but a balloon payment, a name given because of the nature of the transaction.

Due to its nature, it’s easier to understand why such a transaction is usually seen in commercial transactions rather than consumer ones.

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Key Information To Django Response With Examples

Introduction to Django Response

The Http response class captures the outcome of the processing of a webpage. The Http response class assigns response-oriented characteristics to a response when a returned value is cached. Special attributes and methods can capture and verify these response-oriented characteristics, similar to how the request framework operates. Each of these attributes and methods displays the corresponding value associated with the response. Specifically, these response methods and attributes are useful for verifying various information related to the response. Let’s briefly discuss these attributes and methods with suitable examples. In this topic, we will learn about Django Response.

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Response Framework Attributes

Here are some of the attributes of the Django response framework:

HttpResponse attribute Reason

HttpResponse.content This attribute is used to denote the content of the message

HttpResponse.charset A string value represents the character encoding of the response.

HttpResponse.status_code This represents the response status code

HttpResponse.reason_phrase This represents the reason phrase of the response

HttpResponse.streaming Mentions whether it is a streamed communication or not.

HttpResponse.closed When the formulated response is closed then this value is assigned as true

Response Framework Methods

Below, we mention all the methods associated with the response framework.

Httpresponse attribute Description

HttpResponse.__init__(content=”, content_type=None, status=200, reason=None, charset=None) The response object is associated with the content page and content type.

HttpResponse.__setitem__(header, value) The value is associated with the header name

HttpResponse.__delitem__(header) Deletes a specific header

HttpResponse.__getitem__(header) Returns a value for the specific header name

HttpResponse.has_header(header) It returns either True or False based on a case-insensitive check for a header with the provided name.

HttpResponse.setdefault(header, value) Allows to formulate a default header value

HttpResponse.write(content) This creates the response for a file-like object.

HttpResponse.flush() Allows the response object to get flushed

HttpResponse.tell() A file-like object will be created in the response

HttpResponse.getvalue() It is used to get the value of HttpResponse.content.

HttpResponse.readable() A stream-like object will be created in the response

HttpResponse.seekable() Makes the response object reachable

Examples of Django Response

Here are the following examples mention below:

Example #1

Design the choiceField() in the chúng tôi with the values it needs to display and process in the choices attribute of the field.

def email_sending(response): email = emailform() if response.method == 'POST': email_id = response.POST['email'] email_subject = response.POST['email_subject'] email_message = response.POST['email_message'] mail = send_mail(email_subject,email_message,'[email protected]',[email_id],fail_silently = False) response = HttpResponse(mail) print("Content of the resposne: ",response.content) print("Charecterset of the response: ",response.charset) print("Status code of the response: ",response.status_code) print("Reason phrase of the response: ",response.reason_phrase) print("Reason close status: ",response.closed) return response return render(response, 'emailpage.html',{"email":email})

Design the webpage in the corresponding template file for this page,


{% load static %} body { background-image: url(“{% static ‘admin/img/background.jpg’ %}”); background-color: #acccbb; } .myDiv { border: 5px outset red; background-color: lightblue; text-align: center; font-family: “Comic Sans MS”, cursive, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; letter-spacing: 2px; word-spacing: 1.8px; text-align: left; color: #02071C; font-weight: 200; text-decoration: none; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; text-transform: capitalize; } {{ email.as_p }} {% csrf_token %}


Example #2

Here the response values from a file upload page is been verified

from django.shortcuts import render from chúng tôi import HttpResponse from Django_app1.forms import Valueform,fileform,emailform,responsecheckform from django.core.exceptions import ViewDoesNotExist from django.contrib.auth.models import User from import FileSystemStorage from django.contrib import messages from chúng tôi import send_mail,EmailMessage import responses def file_upload(response): file = fileform() print(" File Values in File Dictionary:", response.FILES) if response.method == 'POST' and response.FILES['Uploaded_File']: uploaded_file = response.FILES['Uploaded_File'] fs = FileSystemStorage() filename =, uploaded_file) uploaded_File_Size = 'Size of Uploaded file: ' + str(uploaded_file.size) content_type_of_uploaded_file = 'Content type of uploaded file: ' + str(uploaded_file.content_type) uploaded_file_name = 'Name of Uploaded file: ' + str( uploaded_file_url = fs.url(filename) print("uploaded file url",uploaded_file_url) messages.success(response, '!!! File upload successful !!!') messages.success(response,uploaded_File_Size) messages.success(response,uploaded_file_name) messages.success(response,content_type_of_uploaded_file) response = HttpResponse(filename) print("Content of the resposne: ",response.content) print("Charecterset of the response: ",response.charset) print("Status code of the response: ",response.status_code) print("Reason phrase of the response: ",response.reason_phrase) print("Reason close status: ",response.closed) return render(response, 'filehandeling.html', {"file":file}) return render(response, 'filehandeling.html',{"file":file})

Html file:

{% load static %} body { background-image: url(“{% static ‘admin/img/background.jpg’ %}”); background-color: #acccbb; } {% if messages %} {% for message in messages %} {% endfor %} {% endif %} {{ file.as_p }} {% csrf_token %}


Example #3

from django.shortcuts import render from chúng tôi import HttpResponse from Django_app1.forms import Valueform,fileform,emailform,responsecheckform from django.core.exceptions import ViewDoesNotExist from django.contrib.auth.models import User from import FileSystemStorage from django.contrib import messages from chúng tôi import send_mail,EmailMessage import responses def formView(response_iter): form = Valueform() if response_iter.method == "POST": value = Valueform(response_iter.POST) if value.is_valid(): first_name = value.cleaned_data['first_name'] response = HttpResponse(first_name) print("Content of the resposne: ",response.content) print("Charecterset of the response: ",response.charset) print("Status code of the response: ",response.status_code) print("Reason phrase of the response: ",response.reason_phrase) print("Reason close status: ",response.closed) if response_iter.session.has_key(first_name): print(response_iter.session.items()) return render(response_iter, 'Session.html' ) else: response_iter.session[first_name] = first_name return render(response_iter, 'Form_Handeling.html', {"form":form}))

Html file:

{% load static %} body { background-image: url(“{% static ‘admin/img/background1.jpg’ %}”); background-color: #acccbb; } {{ emailform.as_p }} {% csrf_token %} {% for message in messages %} {% endfor %}



From the above-provided descriptions and examples, the key information related to the Httpresponse framework can be understood.

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How To Implement Queue In Swift With Example

Introduction to Swift Queue

The Swift queue is the same as any other programming language. The queue is a data structure used to store element; in the queue, we can store data from one end and delete it using another end. Queue works and follows FIFO, which means first in, first out. We have so many examples where we do this thing like when we buy tickets from any station etc. Queue in swift support operation, which is used to handle the data or elements.

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As we know, queue in swift is used to store the data. To store any data, we require predefined methods from the queue and to delete data, there are some methods from the queue, but first, we will see the syntax of how we can define a queue in swift while doing programming.

var variable_name:[Type] = []

As you can see in the above line of syntax we it is very simple to define a queue just like any other collection. First, we have to give the variable name followed by the type it is going to store, and we can initialize it if we want.



var myqueue :[Int] = []

Here we will see how we can add elements and remove elements from the queue in swift.

How to Implement Queue in Swift?

As we already know, that queue is a data structure that is used to store elements. To perform any operation on queue, it provides us with a different method for this. It is predefined, or we can say in build in swift, so we do not require to include any library for this. We can perform different operations like an insertion in the queue and delete an element from the queue.

Here we will see both these methods available in a queue in detail.

1. Enqueue

This is the method available in the queue. This method is used to add elements to the queue. We can simply call this method on the queue or array we created.


var myqueue : [Int] = [] myqueue.append(your element here ) 2. Dequeue / Remove

This method is used to remove an element from the queue. This is also a predefined method available in a queue data structure of swift.


var myqueue : [Int] = [] myqueue.remove(your element here )

As you can see in the above syntax for the dequeue method, we are calling this method on the queue variable we have created in the first line of code. We can remove as many elements as we want to the queue variable. To perform the dequeue operation, we have to call the remove() method on it.

Now we will see one example to use both the method in the program to know it internal working in detail.



import Foundation import Glibc import Foundation struct Queue{ var myqueue:[Int] = [] mutating func enqueue(element: Int) { myqueue.append(element) } } var obj = Queue() obj.enqueue(element : 200) print(obj)

As you can see in the above lines of code, we are creating a struct Queue to use the queue functionality. Inside the struct, we are carpeting our object named as ‘myqueue’, which takes up only the Integer value as the data to store in the queue. After this, we are trying to use the ‘enqueue’ function from the queue in swift. This function will add a new element to the queue object we have created. To add the object, we have the append method available. We just have to call the append method on the queue object; inside this method, we can pass our element to the object.

How to remove an element from the queue in swift? import Foundation import Glibc import Foundation struct Queue{ var myqueue:[Int] = [] mutating func enqueue(element: Int) { myqueue.append(element) } { if myqueue.isEmpty { return nil } else{ myqueue.remove(at: 0) return 0 } } } var obj = Queue() obj.enqueue(element : 200) print(obj) obj.dequeue() print(obj)

As you can see from the above lines of code, we are creating a queue. All the things are the same, but now we have added one new function to our queue and is that it removes the element from the queue. If our queue object is empty, then it will return NIL; otherwise, we will call the remove() method to remove the particular element from the queue. To call this method, we can create the object and remove them from the queue.

Example of Swift Queue

In this example, we are trying to create a queue in swift and adding elements to it. We are creating several queue objects and adding the same object to show how we can use this while programming.


import Foundation import Glibc import Foundation struct Queue{ var myqueue1 :[Int] = [] var myqueue2 :[Int] = [] var myqueue3 :[Int] = [] mutating func enqueue(element: Int) { myqueue1.append(element) myqueue2.append(element) myqueue3.append(element) } } print("Demo to show the queue ceration in swift !!") var obj = Queue() obj.enqueue(element : 200) obj.enqueue(element : 200) obj.enqueue(element : 200) obj.enqueue(element : 200) obj.enqueue(element : 200) print("prinitng result of queue !!") print(obj)



A queue is used to store element as we know. It comes up with two methods that can be used to perform operations on the queue element named as ‘enqueue’ and ‘dequeue’. They are very easy to implement, readable, and convenient to handle by the developers.

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