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There are situations where you would want to change a keyboard key to a different key function for gaming purposes or for your works. This guide will show you how to reassign keyboard keys in Windows 11 using a tool called PowerToys by Microsoft.

For most gaming keyboards, you can easily remap keyboard keys using the software that comes with the keyboard, for example, Razer Synapse for Razer keyboards, or Logitech G Hub for Logitech keyboards. However, for normal keyboard that don’t have any software support, you can use tools that support universal keyboards such as PowerToys to change keyboard key mapping in Windows 11.

Also see: How to Swap Ctrl, Caps Lock, Alt and Shift in Windows 11

You can also use PowerToys to change key bindings for gaming keyboards or any other keyboard if you prefer not to use their own software.

Terminology tips: Changing key bindings, remapping a key or reassigning a keyboard key all have the same meaning, which is to change a keyboard key to a different key, function or shortcut.

How to change keyboard keys in Windows 11

To remap a keyboard key in Windows 11, we need to use a tool called PowerToys developed by Microsoft. Microsoft PowerToys is a set of freeware system utilities designed for power users to enhance their experience in Windows 11 and Windows 10.

It has a feature called Keyboard Manager which allows users to remap keyboard keys or shortcuts to other keys or shortcuts. To learn how to remap a keyboard key using PowerToys, follow the steps below.

Interesting Tip: How to Print Screen Without PrtScr Button

First, download Microsoft PowerToys from the following GitHub repository.

Note: The screenshot above is as of Sept 2023. You may see a different version of PowerToys if there is a later version at the time you’re downloading it.

See also: How to Disable a Keyboard Key in Windows 11

Install PowerToys

Once you’ve downloaded the installer, open the setup and install PowerToys.

When you are asked if you would like to automatically start PowerToys at Windows logon. We recommend enabling this option as you will need PowerToys to run at the background for whatever key mappings you’ve set to work. In other words, key bindings you’ve set in PowerToys will not work if PowerToys is closed.

Remap a key in Windows 11 using PowerToys

To remap a key, for example, reassigning the key E to Z so that when you press E, it will instead output Z, do the following.

The “Type” also accepts keys combination input such as Ctrl + C. That is to say, you can map any key or keys combination to another key or keyboard shortcut. For example, if you map the key E to Ctrl + Shift + Esc, when you press E, it will output Ctrl + Shift + Esc instead (which is to open the Task Manager).

Remap shortcut keys for specific applications

Related issue: Windows 11 Keyboard Shortcuts Not Working (Fix)

For example, in the screenshot below, I’ve remap the shortcut Ctrl + C to Ctrl + V in Chrome. Thus, when I work in Chrome browser, whenever I enter Ctrl + C (copy function), it will instead input Ctrl + V (paste function).

Delete a key mapping

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How To Fix Emoji Keyboard Not Working In Windows 11

Emojis are visual representations of emotion that we often use in messaging to convey feelings and liven up a chat with others while conversing via email, Telegram, WhatsApp, and other platforms. However, the Emoji keyboard or Emoji panel, a built-in feature of Windows PCs, also allows you to add emojis to text in a number of different computer apps. The most popular approach to enable this function is by simultaneously hitting the Windows +. or Windows + ; keys. It is quite simple to use.

Unfortunately, some Windows 11 users have complained that their Emoji keyboard is not working, and it is understandable how upsetting it can be when a feature on your computer is unavailable to you because of incorrect configurations or a minor issue. Hence, if you are experiencing the same issue, you are in the right place, as we are going to examine the main causes of the problem in the next section of this article, as well as proven solutions to fix it.

Possible Reasons for Emoji Not Working in Windows 11 Issue

Since the emoji keyboard can majorly be activated through the keyboard shortcut, this issue is majorly related to keyboard issues. Hence the possible causes of emoji not working in Windows 11 are:

Disabled keyboard shortcut settings: If the keyboard shortcut is disabled or is not working on your computer, you will most definitely have issues with opening the emoji keyboard since that is what you need to open the feature.

Outdated keyboard driver: Features related to the keyboard on your computer are controlled by the keyboard driver. Hence, if your keyboard driver is outdated or damaged, that may be the reason why you are experiencing the emoji keyboard not working issue on your Windows 11 computer.

Third-party app conflict: Some third-party apps, like keyboard apps, may also affect the functioning of the emoji keyboard on your computer.

Tampered keyboard settings: If you unknowingly tampered with your computer’s keyboard settings. 

Faulty keyboard: It is also possible that some keys are not functioning on your keyboard, and as a result, you won’t be able to activate the emoji keyboard if the keys to open it are also affected. 

The emoji keyboard feature can also have been turned off, in which case it won’t function. However, based on these factors and how some users resolved the issue, we will explain the best solutions to fix emoji keyboard not working in Windows 11 in the following section of this post.

Fix Emoji Keyboard Not Working in Windows 11

It is recommended that when you experience the emoji keyboard not working in Windows 11 issue on your computer, you should first disconnect peripherals like the keyboard from the computer and then restart the computer. If the issue persists after doing that, then you should perform the following solutions:

1. Make sure Emoji Panel Shortcut  is Enabled 

The emoji panel can be accessed on your Windows computer by using a keyboard shortcut, but if the keyboard shortcut has been disabled, the emoji keyboard won’t function no matter how long you press the shortcut. This could be the cause of the problem you are experiencing on your Windows 11 computer, but by following the steps below, you can reactivate the emoji panel shortcut:

1. Press Windows + I simultaneously to open the Run command box on your computer.

2. Type regedit in the box and hit Enter.

3. You will be led to the Registry editor window, where you should navigate to the path below:


6. Then set the Value data to 1 and hit OK to activate the emoji panel shortcut.

After this, you should restart your computer so the changes can take effect.

2. Reset Keyboard Settings 

Resetting your keyboard settings will also be recommended for you if the emoji keyboard on your Windows 11 computer isn’t working. If incorrect keyboard settings caused the problem, this will be useful because it will restore the settings to their default.

1. Press Windows + I to open Settings on your computer.

3. Now, if your preferred language is already at the top, tap the three-dot in front of it and select Move down.

4. After that, tap the three-dot in front of the same preferred language again and select Move up.

Changing your preferred language will reset the keyboard setting and thereby fix the emoji keyboard not working issue on your Windows 11 PC.

3. Temporarily Disable/Uninstall Third-Party Keyboard 

Emoji keyboard only functions with the built-in Windows keyboard, so if you have TouchPal, SwiftKey, or another third-party keyboard tool installed, that could be the cause of the problem. As a result, we recommend you temporarily disable or uninstall any recently installed third-party apps from your computer and see if that resolves the problem.

It is also possible that the keyboard driver on your computer is outdated, which is why you are experiencing the “emoji keyboard not working in Windows 11” issue. For that reason, you should update your keyboard driver. To do that:

1. Visit your keyboard manufacturer’s site and download the latest version of your keyboard driver.

2. Press Windows + S, search Device Manager in Windows Search Box, and open it.

5. Select the Update driver and tap on Browse my computer for driver software.

6. Now select the driver you downloaded earlier and install it.

5. Enable Touch Keyboard and Handwriting Panel Service

The Touch Keyboard and Handwriting Panel Service may have been disabled on your computer, affecting some functions like the emoji panel. So to rule out that possibility, you should make sure the Touch keyboard and handwriting panel service is enabled: 

1. Press Windows + R to open the Run command box, type services.msc, and hit Enter.

2. On the Windows Services window, navigate to Touch Keyboard and Handwriting Panel Service.

6. Run chúng tôi Manually 

Some users have also been able to fix this issue by running the chúng tôi manually, so we recommend you do that too.

1. Press Windows + R to open the Run command box.

2. Paste C:WindowsSystem32ctfmon.exe in the box and hit Enter.

Running on an old version of Windows could possibly be the cause of the issue, therefore update your Windows by following the steps below:

1. Press Windows + I to open Settings on your computer.

2. Select Windows Update on the left pane and tap Check for Windows Update.

If there is any update available, you should install it and check if that helps fix the issue.


Can third-party apps cause emoji keyboard not to work in Windows 11?

Does Windows have new emojis?

Windows 11 is the version of the Windows operating system that has undergone a major redesign, primarily in terms of UI. With the release of Windows 11, Microsoft added a number of new emojis that you may use to express yourself while chatting on your Windows computer.

How do I activate emojis on my Windows PC? 

As long as the shortcut for the feature has not been disabled on your computer’s system, turning on emoji on a Windows computer is as simple as pressing the Windows +. keys together. If that’s not the case, you should follow the instructions in this post to enable the emoji panel shortcut on your computer through the Registry editor before using the keyboard shortcut to open it.

Final Words

What Do Keyboard F1 To F12 Function Keys Do

Every keyboard has a set of Function Keys F1-F12 on the top row, however, the old computer sets used to have these keys gathered on the left side of the keyboard. While every function key caters special function, these can also be combined with Alt Keys and Ctrl Command keys to make the useful keyboard shortcuts. If you are a casual computer user, you might not really be aware of these function keys and their use. In this post, we will talk about what do these keyboard F1 to F12 function Keys do.

Besides these F1-F12 12 function keys, there is a special Fn key located next to the Ctrl key on your keyboard. The Fn key is used to activate special Function Keys which are marked by special icons in the same color. For example, key F1 on my laptop’s keyboard has a small icon of Touchpad Off in a color code matching to the Fn Key; which means Fn+F1 will turn my Touchpad Off/On. Function keys work differently on different programs.

TIP: Read how to swap or change Function key behavior in Windows laptops.

What do Keyboard F1 to F12 Function Keys do F1 Key

F1 key is universally linked to Help in almost every program, may it be Chrome or Microsoft Word.

Win Key+F1 opens the Microsoft Windows help and support center.

Shift + F1 reveals formatting in MS Word.

Ctrl+F1 opens Task Pane in MS Office.

F2 Key

Ctrl+F2 opens the print preview in MS Word.

Fn+F2 mutes the volume of your PC.

Alt+Ctrl+F2 opens document library in MS Office.

F3 Key

F3 often activates search functions in different applications including the leading browsers like Google Chrome, Firefox and Microsoft Edge.

Fn+F3 to decrease the volume in some laptops.

Shift +F3 opens the search in Google Chrome.

F4 Key

F4 is often used to close the applications. Alt+F4 closes the currently open program.

Alt+F4 opens the shutdown option when no program is open.

Ctrl+F4 closes a part of the running program such as a tab or a document.

F4 takes you to the address bar in Windows Explorer and Microsoft Edge.

F4 opens a fullscreen window in some applications like Space Cadet and 3D Pinball.

F5 Key

F5 Key is often used to refresh a web page.

Fn+F5 decreases brightness on your monitor on some laptops.

Read: How to type Does not equal sign on keyboard.

F6 Key

This key takes you to the address bar in some browsers like Google Chrome, Firefox, Microsoft Edge and many other popular browsers.

Fn+F6 increases the brightness of your monitor on some laptops.

F7 Key

F7 opens spelling and grammar checker in MS Word.

Shift+F7 opens thesaurus in MS Word.

Fn+F7 opens second screen options in some laptops and opens display schemes in some laptops.

F8 Key

Commonly used to start your Windows PC in Safe Mode.

Takes you to the Windows Recovery system at times.

F9 Key

If you are using MS Word, the F9 key will update your document.

F10 Key

F10 Key opens Menu Bar in the open application.

F11 Key

Enters and exits Full-Screen Mode in almost every popular browser including Chrome, Firefox and Microsoft Edge.

CTRL+F11 opens the hidden recovery options in some Windows laptops.

Alt+F11 opens the Visual Basic Editor.

F12 Key

Win+F12 saves your document in MS Word.

CTRL+F12 opens a document in MS Word.

Opens Inspect Element in popular web browsers.

Some of these features are available only on some selected laptops. Usually, these options features of Function Keys have default actions or icons printed on them.

PS: Ever wondered why there are bumps on the F and J on a computer keyboard? See this post if Function keys are not working.

How To Type Does Not Equal Sign On Keyboard In Windows 11/10

If you are a coder or have the know-how of computer programming then you would know that to inculcate not equal to sign, we use “!=”. Although this does the job for you as your system is able to understand what you mean, an average human may not be able to contemplate what you are trying to say. So, to type Does not equal (≠) sign on the keyboard in Windows 11/10, we created this detailed guide.

Type Does not equal sign on keyboard

You can type Does not equal sign on the keyboard in Windows 11/10 with the following methods.

Use Character Map

Just Google It!

Use Symbols in MS Word

Use Operator in MS Excel

Not Equal to Sign in Programming Languages

Let us talk about them in detail.

1] Use Character Map

Character Map is an app that’s preinstalled on your Windows system that you can use to get the Not Equal to (≠) sign. Follow the given steps to the same.

Search out “Character Map” from the Start Menu.

Look for ≠. If you can’t find it, tick “Advanced view” and type “not equal” in the Search for field.

Finally, you can paste the symbol by using Ctrl + V wherever you want.

As easy as it gets.

2] Just Google it!

One thing the millennials and the Gen Z crowd are surely acquainted with is Googling something online. Similarly, you can google the “Does not equal” sign on chúng tôi and just copy the result, it’s the simplest solution. But bear in mind that sometimes it may come with some kind of formatting. That’s why most people refrain from using this option. We have a secret for you, just pull out Notepad, paste the symbol, and then copy it from there. This will eliminate the formatting and the sign will be just like any other character.

3] Use Symbols in MS Word

4] Use Operator in Excel

5] Not Equal to Sign in Programming Languages

There are different programming languages, with different syntax, purposes, and “Not Equal To” signs. But most of them use “!=”, “!==”, or both(to check or assign). So, you need to look for an operator for your programming language. However, a wide range of languages, be it C, C++, Python, JavaScript, Java, etc, use the operator aforementioned.

How do you write less than or equal to on Windows 11/10 keyboard?

If you want to write “Less than or Equal to” with your keyboard, then you can use any of the solutions used above. Just search for “Less than or Equal to” on Google or Character Map to get the desired result. Then you can copy it and paste it wherever you want.

You will also find ≤ symbol in MS Word that you can use from there. But for MS Excel or for any programming language you need to use <= if you want to apply that logic.

What is the Alt code for not equal in Windows 11?

The Alt code for not equal in Windows 11 is Alt+8800. You can use this keyboard shortcut to type does not equal sign on your computer. No matter whether you want to use it in Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Notepad, Wordpad, or anywhere else, you can get it done using this hotkey.

Operate Narrator & Magnifier Quickly With These Keyboard Shortcuts In Windows 11/10

We have already seen a list of some available Ease Of Access keyboard shortcuts in Windows 11/10. Now let us take a look at some of the keyboard shortcuts that Microsoft has given in Windows 11/10 for Narrator & Magnifier.

Keyboard shortcuts for Narrator

Windows OS includes the Narrator, which is a built-in accessibility feature that can read text on your computer screen aloud. It can also read out and describe various other events which may occur on your PC, including reading out error messages. So if you have vision impairments, you will find this feature useful as it can also allow you to use your PC without a display.


Winkey +Enter

To do this

Start or exit Narrator

Caps Lock+ESC

To do this

Exit Narrator

Caps Lock+M

To do this

Start reading


To do this

Stop reading

Caps Lock+Spacebar

To do this

Do default action

Caps Lock+Right arrow

To do this

Move to the next item

Caps Lock+Left arrow

Move to the previous item

Caps Lock+Up or Down arrow

Change view

Caps Lock+F2

Show commands for the current item

Caps Lock+Enter

Change search mode

Caps Lock+A

Change verbosity mode

Caps Lock+Z

Lock Narrator key (Caps Lock) so you don’t have to press it for every keyboard shortcut

Caps Lock+X

Have Narrator ignore the next keyboard shortcut you use

Caps Lock+F12

Turn keystroke reading off or on

Caps Lock+V

Repeat phrase

Caps Lock+Page Up or Page Down

Increase or decrease voice volume

Caps Lock+plus (+) or minus (-)

Increase or decrease voice speed

Caps Lock+D

Read item

Caps Lock+F

Caps Lock+S

Read item spelled out

Caps Lock+W

Read window

Caps Lock+R

Read all items in the containing area

Caps Lock+Num Lock

Turn mouse mode on or off

Caps Lock+Q

Move to the last item in the containing area

Caps Lock+G

Move Narrator cursor to system cursor

Caps Lock+T

Move Narrator cursor to pointer

Caps Lock+tilde (~)

Set focus to an item

Caps Lock+Backspace

Go back one item

Caps Lock+Insert

Jump to the linked item

Caps Lock+F10

Read current row header

Caps Lock+F9

Read current column header

Caps Lock+F8

Read current row

Caps Lock+F7

Read current column

Caps Lock+F5

Read current row and column location

Caps Lock+F6

Jump to table cell

Shift+Caps Lock+F6

Jump to cell contents

Caps Lock+F3

Jump to next cell in current row

Shift+Caps Lock+F3

Jump to previous cell in current row

Caps Lock+F4

Jump to next cell in current column

Shift+Caps Lock+F4

Jump to previous cell in current column

Caps Lock+Close square bracket (])

Read text from start to cursor

Caps Lock+zero (0)

Read text attributes

Caps Lock+H

Read document

Ctrl+Caps Lock+U

Read current page

Caps Lock+U

Read next page

Shift+Caps Lock+U

Read previous page

Ctrl+Caps Lock+I

Read current paragraph

Caps Lock+I

Read next paragraph

Shift+Caps Lock+I

Read previous paragraph

Ctrl+Caps Lock+O

Read current line

Caps Lock+O

Read next line

Shift+Caps Lock+0

Read previous line

Ctrl+Caps Lock+P

Read current word

Caps Lock+P

Read next word

Shift+Caps Lock+P

Read previous word

Ctrl+Caps Lock+Open square bracket ([)

Read current character

Caps Lock+Open square bracket ([)

Read next character

Shift+Caps Lock+Open square bracket ([)

Read previous character

Caps Lock+Y

Move to beginning of text

Caps Lock+B

Move to end of text

Caps Lock+J

Jump to next heading

Shift+Caps Lock+J

Jump to previous heading

Caps Lock+K

Jump to next table

Shift+Caps Lock+K

Jump to previous table

Caps Lock+L

Jump to next link

Shift+Caps Lock+L

Jump to previous link

Caps Lock+C

Read current date and time

Press Caps Lock twice in quick succession

Turn Caps Lock on or off

Caps Lock+E

Give negative feedback

Shift+Caps Lock+E

Give positive feedback

Caps Lock+E tapped twice in quick succession

Open the feedback dialog

Ctrl+Caps Lock+Up arrow

Go to parent

Ctrl+Caps Lock+Right arrow

Go to next sibling

Ctrl+Caps Lock+Left arrow

Go to previous sibling

Ctrl+Caps Lock+Down arrow

Go to first child

Caps Lock+N

Move to main landmark

Narrator with Touch

Press this key

To do this

Tap once with two fingers

Stop Narrator from reading

Tap three times with four fingers

Show all Narrator commands (including the ones not in this list)


Activate primary action


Activate secondary action

Touch or drag a single finger

Read what’s under your fingers

Move to next or previous item

Swipe left/right/up/down with two fingers


Swipe down with three fingers

Start reading on the explorable text

Magnifier keyboard shortcuts

Windows 11/10 Magnifier makes it easier for people with disabilities, to read and view various parts of their computer screen more clearly, as it makes items appear larger.

Press this key

To do this

Windows logo key +plus (+) or minus (-)

Zoom in or out


Preview the desktop in full-screen mode


Switch to docked mode


Switch to full-screen mode


Invert colors


Switch to lens mode


Resize the lens

Ctrl+Alt+arrow keys

Pan in the direction of the arrow keys

Windows logo key +Esc

Exit Magnifier

Now go take a look at the complete list of Keyboard Shortcuts in Windows 11/10.

How do I turn off Windows Narrator?

To turn Narrator off, press the Windows, Control, and Enter keys simultaneously (Win+CTRL+Enter). The Narrator will turn it off automatically. The Narrator is only meant to be used by those who need accessibility features and hence gets annoying when you don’t need it.

How To Download Windows Updates Manually In Windows 11/10

Most of us use Microsoft Update to keep our Windows 11/10/8/7 operating system and Microsoft software updated. But if you want to, for some, reason, download the updates manually and save it to your computer, this is how you can go about it:

How to download Windows Updates manually in Windows 11?

While creating Windows 11, the developers made sure to analyze the data for which settings are used more and which are used less. No doubt Windows Updates were prioritized and a separate menu was created for the same. The procedure to download Windows updates manually in Windows 11 is as follows:

Select Settings.

In the Settings menu, check the list on the left-hand side.

Windows Update would be the last option. Select it, please.

If any Update has failed to install, you will see it mentioned.

Note down the KB number of the Windows Update.

Once you have the number, you need to manually download the KB from the Microsoft website, the procedure of which is explained below.

Download Windows Updates manually in Windows 10

You can also Pause Windows Updates, change Active Hours or look at the Update History.

If any Update has failed to install, you will see it mentioned this.

Note down the KB number of the Windows Update.

Note down the KB number mentioned in the bracket.

Manually download the KB from the Microsoft website

This way, you will be able to install the update manually on any one or more of your computers, as long as it applies to the installed operating system or software.

Downloading, saving, and installing Windows Update manually may be done if you need to save the updates for some reason or if you find that you are unable to update your Windows using Windows Update.

Microsoft Update Catalog is a service from Microsoft that provides a listing of software updates that can be distributed over a corporate network. Using the Microsoft Update Catalog can prove to be a one-stop location for finding Microsoft software updates, drivers, and hotfixes.

WSUS Offline Update is a free tool using which, you can update Microsoft Windows or Microsoft Office easily without having an Internet connection.

Portable Update lets you update Windows 10 offline without an Internet connection.

Do we need to update Windows manually?

Ideally, Windows updates are performed by the system automatically. We don’t really need to hit the “Check for updates” button manually. But, if a third-party software stops the process, it needs to be restarted manually.

Furthermore, if you believe Windows hasn’t been updated for quite a while, performing a manual update could be very helpful. Personally, I check for a manual update occassionally just in case anything has been missed.

Why are Windows Updates so important?

One might argue that Windows Updates simply modify the features of the operating system or push fixes to existing problems, which many users might not require. So, why is it still important to make sure your system is up to date?

The reason is simple – security updates. Cybercriminals keep getting smarter and find ways to hack into the current system. To counter the same, Microsoft keeps launching security updates. These security updates are obviously important, else your system would be at risk.

Also see:

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