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In Windows 11 or Windows 10, you can Configure, Export, Import File Associations and even set or change file associations and extensions using GUI, but there is no option provided to delete an existing file type association. In this post, we will walk you through the steps on how to remove File Type Associations using Registry Editor.

What is File Type Association?

Basically, a file association associates a file with a specific application that is able to open the file. Similarly, a file type association associates a type of file (eg the .docx file) with a corresponding application (Microsoft Word). A single file extension might have more than one association for performing different actions – an application might be associated with a file extension to open a specific type of file, but another program might also be associated to open and edit the files.

Remove File Type Associations using Registry Editor

Associating a file type with a program can be done via several ways such as using the Open with dialog and selecting the Always use this app to open checkbox, or via Default Programs or Default Apps. File type association is very helpful, but it might get corrupted which can cause a file to be opened with another application that may not suitable. In this case, you should remove file type associations for the file to stop opening the file with the associated app by default.

For the purposes of this post, let’s assume you’ve incorrectly associated a file type named .bak, you can easily reset all Apps and File Associations to default in Windows 11/10. But, if you want to remove the association instead, you can perform the task using the registry by following our instructions below. In the case where all the file extensions have changed to some unknown file format, this could help!

Since this is a registry operation, it is recommended that you back up the registry or create a system restore point as necessary precautionary measures. Once done, you can proceed as follows:

Press Windows key + R to invoke the Run dialog.

In the Run dialog box, type regedit and hit Enter to open Registry Editor.

Navigate or jump to the registry key path below:


At the location, on the right pane, make a note of the (default) value data. It’s the ProgID associated with that file type.

Next, go to the following HKEY_CURRENT_USER keys and delete the .bak key as well.

HKEY_CURRENT_USERSOFTWAREMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionExplorerFileExts.bak HKEY_CURRENT_USERSOFTWAREMicrosoftWindowsRoamingOpenWithFileExts.bak

Exit Registry Editor when done.

Restart PC.

The file association settings for .bak file type should now be removed on your computer and the deleted file type will be set as unknown by Windows.

This is how you can remove File Type Associations using Registry Editor in Windows 11/10.

Related post: How to use Unassociate File Types remove File Type associations.

How do I remove default program from file type?

To remove default program from file type in Windows 11/10, do the following:

In the Set Associations window, scroll down the list until you see the file extension that you want to change the default program for.

How do I reset the default associations in Windows 10?

To reset all Apps and File Associations to default in Windows 11/10, do the following:

Press Win+I to open Windows Settings.

Scroll down to the bottom.

Where are file type associations stored in the registry?

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How To Create A Registry Key In Windows 11/10

The Windows Registry is a collection of settings that Windows and applications can use. It is a directory which stores settings and options for the operating system for Microsoft Windows. It contains information and settings for all the hardware, operating system software, most non-operating system software, users, preferences of the PC, etc.

The Registry consists of the following 5 Root Keys. Root Keys contain SubKeys. Subkeys may contain subkeys of their own too and contain at least one value, called its Default Value. A key with all its subkeys and values is called a Hive.

Each key has one of the Data Types – data types:






In this post, we will show you how to create a Registry Key in Windows 10.

Before you begin, it is always a good idea to either back up the Registry or create a System Restore Point.

The hierarchy of Windows Registry

To edit the Registry, we use the built-in Registry Editor or regedit. It displays a tree-like navigation structure.  The topmost is your computer, followed by a list of folders, and subfolders. These folders are called KEYS, and there are five fixed set of folders under the Computer.

HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT: Contains file extension association information which helps the computer understand what to do with a task when asked.

HKEY_CURRENT_USER: It contains configuration information for Windows and software for the current user.

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE: It stores the configuration for the software installed on the computer, and also for the Windows OS

HKEY_USERS: Here you can find a user-specific configuration for all users on that computer.


These are the master keys as you cannot create a NEW KEY under Computer – but you can generate new keys under any of these master keys.

How to create a Registry Key in Windows 11/10

1] Using Registry Editor

You also have the option to Rename, Export, Copy, and set Permissions.

2] Using the Command Line

You can also use Command Line to manipulate registry keys along with tips, features and safety methods.

3] Use Notepad to create REG files

4] Third-Party Tools

If you find the default registry editor complex, you can use tools like RegCool, Registrar Registry Manager Lite, and Registry Commander. They offer features like Undo, Redo, permission management, tabbed window, import, export, favorites and so on.

3] Use Programming

If you are an application developer, you should use programming to manage your application settings in the registry. Here is an example, and it will vary depending on the language you use to develop the application.

RegistryKey key = Registry.LocalMachine.CreateSubKey(@"SYSTEMCurrentControlSetserviceseventlogMyApplicationMyService"); key.Close();

Now that you know how to do it, we also recommend you to read what each of these means. It’s essential, and will only help you to make sure the changes you make are correct.

What makes a Registry Key?

If you imagine “Key” as a folder, the rest of them are different types of file types that store various kinds of values. So if you build an application, you can have a master folder, and then subfolders to separate one set from another. Here is a bit about each of them:

DWORD &  QWORD: Double Word can store a 32-bit unit of data, while QWORD can store 64-bit of data.  

String Value (REG_SZ): It can store either a Unicode or an ANSI string, and contains a null at the end.

Multi-String value: When you want to store multiple numbers of String Value, you can use this. However, make sure to terminate it by an empty string (). Here is a simple example:


Note “” at the end marks the end of the first string, and the last marks the end of the multi-string.

Binary Value: The simplest of all – it contains 0 and 1.

We hope that you find this post useful.

How To Download An Ftp File Using Cmd In Windows 11/10

In this article, we will discuss how to download a file from an FTP server using Command Prompt (CMD) on Windows 11 or 10. File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used to transfer files from one host to another over the internet. CMD, a command-line interpreter application in Windows, allows users to perform various tasks, including file transfers, without relying on third-party software.

Also see: How to Use FTP via Command Line on Windows 11

Before we begin, make sure you have the following information:

Username and password for the FTP server (if required)

The exact path to the file you want to download (e.g., /folder/subfolder/filename.extension)

Expert guide: How to download all files from a website directory using Wget

Follow these steps to download an FTP file using CMD in Windows 11 or 10:

Open CMD: Press Win + X on your keyboard, and then select Windows Terminal (Windows 11) or Command Prompt (Windows 10) from the context menu.

Access the FTP server: Enter the following command in CMD, replacing chúng tôi with the actual FTP server address:

After successfully connecting to the server, you will see the FTP server’s welcome message.

For some cases, you may need to manually authenticate by entering the username and password using the following commands:

user your_username your_password

Replace your_username and your_password with the appropriate credentials. After successful authentication, you should see a confirmation message.

List the directory content: To view the content of the current directory on the FTP server, enter the following command: ls

This command will display the list of files and directories in the current directory, helping you identify the exact path to the file you want to download.

Switch to binary mode: To ensure that the file is transferred correctly, switch to binary mode by entering the following command: binary

Navigate to the local directory: Choose the local directory where you want to save the downloaded file. Use the following command, replacing C:destination_folder with the desired local path: lcd C:destination_folder

Download the file: Use the get command to download the file from the FTP server. Replace /folder/subfolder/filename.extension with the actual file path on the server: get /folder/subfolder/filename.extension

Once the file transfer is complete, you will see a confirmation message.

Close the FTP connection: To close the FTP connection, enter the following commands: bye exit

Congratulations! You have successfully downloaded an FTP file using Command Prompt in Windows 11 or 10. With this method, you can download files without the need for third-party FTP clients, making the process more efficient and secure.

Useful tip: How to Run Batch File Without the CMD Window

In addition to the step-by-step guide, you can also download an FTP file using only a single line of command in CMD. This method is more concise and straightforward, making it particularly useful for users who prefer a quick approach.

Here is the one-liner command to download an FTP file:

Replace the following placeholders with the appropriate information:

USERNAME: Your FTP server username

PASSWORD: Your FTP server password

PATHTOFILE: The exact path to the file on the server (e.g., /folder/subfolder/filename.extension)

This single command line performs the following actions:

Connects to the FTP server

Authenticates the user with the provided username and password

Switches to binary mode for accurate file transfer

Closes the FTP connection

Deletes the temporary ftp file created during the process

By using this one-liner command, you can accomplish the same task as the step-by-step guide but in a more efficient manner. However, it is essential to remember that this method provides less visibility into the process, making it more suitable for experienced users or those who prefer a quicker approach.

Before using this command, ensure that you are in the directory where you want to download the file. If you need to change the directory in the CMD session, use the following command:

cd C:destination_folder

Replace C:destination_folder with the desired local path. Once you are in the correct directory, enter the one-liner command mentioned above to download the FTP file.

Related resource: Copy Folder Structure Without Files in Windows 11/10

The ability to download files from an FTP server using CMD in Windows 11 or 10 is a valuable skill that enables users to manage their file transfers without the need for additional software such as FileZilla. Understanding both the step-by-step method and the single command line approach empowers users to choose the most appropriate solution for their specific needs, taking into account their experience level and preferences.

How To Type Does Not Equal Sign On Keyboard In Windows 11/10

If you are a coder or have the know-how of computer programming then you would know that to inculcate not equal to sign, we use “!=”. Although this does the job for you as your system is able to understand what you mean, an average human may not be able to contemplate what you are trying to say. So, to type Does not equal (≠) sign on the keyboard in Windows 11/10, we created this detailed guide.

Type Does not equal sign on keyboard

You can type Does not equal sign on the keyboard in Windows 11/10 with the following methods.

Use Character Map

Just Google It!

Use Symbols in MS Word

Use Operator in MS Excel

Not Equal to Sign in Programming Languages

Let us talk about them in detail.

1] Use Character Map

Character Map is an app that’s preinstalled on your Windows system that you can use to get the Not Equal to (≠) sign. Follow the given steps to the same.

Search out “Character Map” from the Start Menu.

Look for ≠. If you can’t find it, tick “Advanced view” and type “not equal” in the Search for field.

Finally, you can paste the symbol by using Ctrl + V wherever you want.

As easy as it gets.

2] Just Google it!

One thing the millennials and the Gen Z crowd are surely acquainted with is Googling something online. Similarly, you can google the “Does not equal” sign on chúng tôi and just copy the result, it’s the simplest solution. But bear in mind that sometimes it may come with some kind of formatting. That’s why most people refrain from using this option. We have a secret for you, just pull out Notepad, paste the symbol, and then copy it from there. This will eliminate the formatting and the sign will be just like any other character.

3] Use Symbols in MS Word

4] Use Operator in Excel

5] Not Equal to Sign in Programming Languages

There are different programming languages, with different syntax, purposes, and “Not Equal To” signs. But most of them use “!=”, “!==”, or both(to check or assign). So, you need to look for an operator for your programming language. However, a wide range of languages, be it C, C++, Python, JavaScript, Java, etc, use the operator aforementioned.

How do you write less than or equal to on Windows 11/10 keyboard?

If you want to write “Less than or Equal to” with your keyboard, then you can use any of the solutions used above. Just search for “Less than or Equal to” on Google or Character Map to get the desired result. Then you can copy it and paste it wherever you want.

You will also find ≤ symbol in MS Word that you can use from there. But for MS Excel or for any programming language you need to use <= if you want to apply that logic.

What is the Alt code for not equal in Windows 11?

The Alt code for not equal in Windows 11 is Alt+8800. You can use this keyboard shortcut to type does not equal sign on your computer. No matter whether you want to use it in Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Notepad, Wordpad, or anywhere else, you can get it done using this hotkey.

Folder And File Names Are Not Showing In Windows 11/10

File Explorer is a file management utility in the Windows operating system. You can use File Explorer for different purposes, like viewing your files, changing the names of your files, deleting your files, etc. You can also make it display file name extensions. What if File Explorer stops displaying the names of files and folders? Some Windows users experienced this issue on their systems. If folder and file names are not showing on your Windows 11/10 computer, the solutions explained in this article will help you resolve the issue.

There are multiple reasons why your file names are not showing up, like corrupted system image files, conflicting third-party services or startup apps, etc. The problem may also be associated with your graphics card driver. In this case, updating or reinstalling the graphics card driver helps.

Folder and file names are not showing in Windows 11/10

If folder and file icon names are not showing, no text is displayed, or desktop icon names are missing on your Windows 11/10 PC, use the solutions provided in this article to fix the issue:

Basic suggestions

Repair your system files

Restart your graphics card driver

Uninstall and reinstall your default graphics card driver

Troubleshoot in a Clean Boot state

Perform Automatic Startup Repair

Perform an In-place Upgrade.

Let’s see all these fixes in detail.

No text displayed; Desktop icons text missing 1] Basic suggestions

Open the Task Manager and restart Windows Explorer.

If restarting Windows Explorer does not help, restart your computer.

Open Windows Settings and check for Windows Update manually.

2] Repair your system files

Corrupted system files are among the most common causes of this issue. We suggest you run the following scans and see if the issue gets fixed.

Run the above-mentioned scans one by one. Do not interrupt the process. After the above two scans get completed, restart your computer and see if the problem persists.

3] Restart your graphics card driver

In Windows 11/10, the key combination Ctrl + Shift + Win + B restarts the graphics card driver. This key combination is useful to resolve the problems associated with the graphics card driver. Use this key combination and see if it helps.

4] Uninstall and reinstall your default graphics card driver

Windows is not displaying the names of files and folders. Hence, the issue might be associated with the graphics card. One of the causes of graphics card problems is the corrupted driver. We suggest you uninstall and reinstall your graphics card driver. Follow the steps written below:

Open the Device Manager.

Expand the Display adapters branch.

Restart your computer.

Windows will automatically install the missing drivers on system startup.

If this does not work, download the latest version of your graphics card driver from the manufacturer’s website and install it manually.

5] Troubleshoot in a Clean Boot state

If the problem does not persist in the Clean Boot state, you have to identify the problematic startup app and third-party service. To do so, open the Task Manager, enable all startup apps, and restart your computer. If the problem reappears after restarting the computer, one of the startup apps is causing the problem. Now, do the following:

Open the Task Manager.

Disable one of the startup apps.

Restart your computer.

See if the problem persists.

Repeat the above steps until you find the problematic startup app. Follow the same steps to identify the problematic third-party service. But this time, you have to use MSConfig instead of the Task manager.

6] Perform Automatic Startup Repair

Startup Repair is a utility in the Microsoft Windows operating system that repairs corrupted files in Windows OS and fixes the problem. If the problem still persists, Startup Repair will help. To perform Automatic Startup repair, you have to boot into Windows Recovery Environment.

7] Perform an In-place Upgrade

In-place Upgrade installs the Windows operating system over the currently installed Windows OS without uninstalling it. The In-place Upgrade also repairs Windows OS. Hence, you can use this method if you are experiencing issues with your computer. This action does not delete data. However, from a safety point of view, it is always better to take a backup of data before proceeding.

I hope this helps.

Why some folders are invisible?

In Windows 11/10, some folders are hidden by default. These folders contain files that you should not modify or delete. Modifying or deleting the files inside these folders may impact your system. That’s why some folders and files are hidden in Microsoft Windows operating system by default. But if you want, you can view these hidden files and folders.

Read next: Quick Access crashes File Explorer in Windows.

Remove Metadata From Photos In Windows 10

Did you know you are sacrificing your personal information every time you share a photo online? When you take a photo with a digital camera or your smartphone, it attaches a lot of information to the photo as EXIF (Exchangeable Image File) metadata. This information includes the name of the camera or phone you are using, camera settings, the date and time when the photo was taken and worst of all the location where the photo was taken. Other information may not be a problem, but the geo-location tagging could be a huge privacy breach.

Anyone can easily find out where you took that picture, thus being able to track down your home location or know where you are right now. If you think this information is of concern, then we will show you how to remove it from all the photos stored in your Windows 10 PC.

Removing Metadata from Photos

If you want to keep the metadata, you can create a copy of the photo without the metadata. In the same “Remove Properties” window, select the option “Create a copy with all possible properties removed.” When you remove the metadata, it will create a copy of the photo in the same location with metadata removed. This is perfect for sharing photos with the metadata removed and keeping the original photo with you.


Removing EXIF metadata is extremely important if you are about to share your picture online. Even if you don’t mind sharing personal information, it is still best to remove metadata, as a criminal may use this data against you. Fortunately, many popular social media websites like Facebook and Twitter automatically delete this data while uploading, but you should be careful at your end as well. It is also recommended that you disable the geo-tagging feature in your camera or phone’s camera to stop it from adding geo-location data to the photos in the first place.

Karrar Haider

Karrar is drenched in technology and always fiddles with new tech opportunities. He has a bad habit of calling technology “Killer”, and doesn’t feel bad about spending too much time in front of the PC. If he is not writing about technology, you will find him spending quality time with his little family.

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