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The beauty of having a computer and internet connection is the ability to download dozens of convenient, helpful, and useful programs. But it is always crucial to download all software directly from the official website or another reputable source. Unknowing users often turn to sketchy third-party download websites. They get their programs there for two main reasons:

They don’t know that they shouldn’t

They want to download a free version of a paid product or service

What makes third-party services risky? They often lace different software with malware, adware, or other unwanted programs. It can cause significant damage to your computer.

That’s why you need to be more educated on recognizing, avoiding, and removing Potentially Unwanted Programs (PUPs). Here’s everything you need to know.

spying on users,

accessing their data.

Moreover, malicious actors are smart. They often include fine print somewhere in the Service Agreement, which users often don’t even look at.

You need to be extra careful when installing anything. If you notice that, all of a sudden —

your browser has suspicious extensions and toolbars,

you get emails from a service you never signed up for

— the chances are PUPs have infected your PC.

Moreover, if the performance of your computer suddenly drops, that’s a clear sign that something is wrong.

Here are some basic rules to keep in mind the next time you want to sign up for services or download anything from websites that aren’t reputable:

Although already mentioned a couple of times throughout this article, somehow, users still forget about it. Always make sure to download software ONLY from official websites or licensed third-parties. That is the best way to avoid downloading any Potentially Unwanted Programs.

This is especially vital when downloading security software. Free virtual private network (VPN) or antivirus software doesn’t always have your interests at heart.

Malicious actors always use clever techniques to try and disguise their evil intentions. If you find a website that doesn’t have any FAQs, Privacy Policy, or lacks a lot of relevant information in general, stay clear of it.

Check if the site has a lot of spelling and grammar errors. Or if it uses a domain name that is similar to a popular brand or company name, but with some differences. If that’s the case, the chances are that the website is malicious.

Also, does the suspicious website require any sensitive information? For example, your name, address, phone number, or payment info? Then get out of there as soon as possible.

If everything seems fine, then you can proceed with the download. But do read all instructions, checkboxes, and user license agreements. Also, always read the fine print, because that’s where vital information usually is.

If PUPs have infected your device somehow anyway, don’t worry. They are usually less dangerous than viruses and malware, but they’re still awfully annoying. Here’s what you can do to get rid of these pesky programs:

This is the easiest fix that usually solves the issue. Open Windows Settings, go to Apps, and check every program that’s on the list. If you notice a suspicious program that shouldn’t be there, uninstall it.

Sometimes, you can’t remove PUPs with a simple uninstall. Then use antivirus or anti-malware software to locate and forcefully remove these pesky applications.

If random toolbars, extensions, or search engines appear on your browser, you can remove it by restoring the browser to its original settings. You can do so by going to Settings and locating the Reset Browser Option.

You can remove most Potentially Unwanted Programs yourself. But it is much better to put in place security measures to prevent installing them in the first place. Enhance your computer’s safety by installing security software such as VPN, antivirus, anti-spyware, anti-malware, and ad blocker, and you’ll be good-to-go.

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Potentially Unwanted Applications Or Programs And How To Avoid Installing Puas Or Pups

What are Potentially Unwanted Programs (PUP)

It is clear by the name – unwanted programs – that they are software or apps you don’t want on your computer, laptop, phone, tablet, or other devices. Then how do they get on your computers? We’ll discuss the different tricks some software use, to install these unwanted programs.

There are typically two ways such crapware gets delivered. First, it could be bundled by the developer themselves, or secondly, download sites may require you to download their wrappers or download managers, which would then foist PUPs.

Potentially unwanted programs are programs that come bundled mostly with freeware and install themselves, with or without your knowledge, on your devices. This happens especially when you are installing a freeware. The software installation package tricks you into accepting the installation of third-party programs, that you do not really want. Moreover, not only freeware but some paid software also install third-party programs that you don’t want!

Detect PUPs/PUAs

The potentially unwanted programs which come in the form of browser add-ons and toolbars are readily identifiable. Others like programs that run in the background are not easily identifiable. You may have to check your Windows Task Manager to find out the PUPs.

Remove Potentially Unwanted Applications (PUA)

Check the add-ons. For the ones you do not understand, run an Internet search to see if they are important. If not, turn them off. Even if they are not PUPs, turning them off will add to your browsing speed.

If you see some unknown toolbars, you can remove them via this panel or you can visit the Control Panel to remove them. In case of some nasty toolbars which refuse to go away, you can use some Free Toolbar Cleaner Tools or Browser Hijacker Removal Tools.

Another method is to check the Task Manager. This would be a tedious task, but if you are experiencing extreme slowness in your Windows computer, check out each process. As mentioned earlier, some websites tell and recommend what the programs are and whether to keep them or not. Certain freeware like Should I Remove It will also guide you in this matter. Based on the recommendations, you may check out the programs corresponding to the process, take an educated decision and then uninstall them.

These days, several security software are programmed to search and find out potentially unwanted programs. Check out the interface of your anti-virus and see if it has any such option in its Settings. If it has, you are lucky. Just run a scan to detect a list of PUPs and then remove them.

Read: What is Potentially Unwanted Modification (PUM)?

Prevent PUPs from Installing

Several tricks are employed by software installation packages to get your consent to install potentially unwanted programs. When you go through the custom installation process, even if you have little knowledge of computers, you will still be safely installing just the program you want.

Check the wording carefully too. Sometimes they may use two negatives and trick you into not unchecking the box – and installing the third-party offer.

If yours is a multi-user PC, you can block other users from installing programs.

Final Words

Another trend I have noticed lately is that some developers launch the software as genuine freeware, without pushing any third-party offers initially. Blogs, download sites, and websites cover them and link to them. Once, some time has passed by, they start bundling Potentially Unwanted Programs. So one has to be careful at all times.

If you have any observations to make, please do so for the benefit of others.

See how you can make Windows Defender protect you against Potentially Unwanted Programs too.

How To Run Windows Programs On Mac

Different ways to run Windows apps on Mac 1. Wineskin Winery

Wineskin is a tool used to make ports of Windows software for the macOS. What the application does, is that it creates a wrapper for the Windows’ application you want to run, so that you can execute it on the Mac. Wineskin is completely free, and will allow you to create wrappers for any application that you want to run on a Mac.

To get started with using Wineskin, you’ll have to download it first.

Once you have done that, you can simply follow the steps given below to get your Windows’ application running on your Mac:

First, unzip the HTMLasText zip file that you downloaded, and then launch Wineskin Winery. When you launch Wineskin for the first time, the list of installed engines, and the “wrapper version” will be empty. So, we’ll have to install those first. I have already used Wineskin before, so the list is not empty in my case.

Wineskin will start creating the blank wrapper. If you get prompted to install some additional packages, make sure you allow Wineskin to install them. After a while, Wineskin will tell you that the wrapper has been created.

Well, that was all that you needed to do in order to get a Windows’ application working on your Mac. Do note that this method might not work for all applications, but it usually does. In my experience, trying to use this method to run heavy games usually does not work, but you might have better luck.

In case Wineskin doesn’t work out for you, you can try out the next method.

2. Codeweavers CrossOver

CrossOver, by Codeweavers is essentially built around the Wineskin Winery wrapper itself. However, unlike Wineskin, the CrossOver app is commercial, and is available for purchase (for  $15.950), however the app also offers a 14 day trial, that you can download from the Codeweavers website.

CrossOver officially supports a large number of Windows’ applications, and if you have any trouble with using the officially supported apps, you can call tech support and they will definitely try and fix it for you. To get started with using CrossOver to run Windows’ applications on the Mac, simply follow the steps below:

In the window that opens up, start typing the name of the application you want to install. The drop down box will dynamically update to display the officially supported applications that match the name you have entered. If you can’t find the name of the application you want to run (as is the case with HTMLasText), simply select “Unlisted“.

You’ll have to wait, while CrossOver installs the application, and then it will automatically launch the application (or the installer) for you.

 3. Using a Virtual Machine

If neither of the methods mentioned above work for the app that you want to use, you can deploy a Virtual Machine, with Windows installed on it. This will effectively let you use a Windows PC inside the macOS environment itself, and you can install any Windows’ application in the virtual machine.

If you want to deploy a virtual machine on your Mac, you can read our detailed article about running Windows on a Mac.

4. Dual Boot Windows using Boot Camp Assistant

Chances are, that a Windows VM would have allowed you to run pretty much any Windows’ software that you might have wanted to. However, if the application you want to run requires the full horsepower of your Mac (a high-end game, for example), then allocating all those resources to a virtual machine might spiral into a recipe for disaster. If you want the full horsepower of your Mac hardware to be available to the Windows’ application that you want to run, then your only option is to use Boot Camp Assistant.

Boot Camp Assistant is a utility that Apple includes with the Mac, which allows users to dual boot their Mac with Windows. So, you will basically have both the operating systems installed on your Mac hard drive, or SSD, and you can choose the one you want to boot into, every time you power up your Mac.

Use These Methods to Run Windows Programs on Mac

How To Remove Scratches From A Car?

Most of us like to keep our cars neat and tidy. Car owners take special care to keep both the interiors and the exteriors of their cars clean and shining like new ones. While it’s easy to remove the dust off the surface of a car by spraying some water on it, we do get once in a while some dents and scratches on the body of the car that appear from nowhere, even after taking utmost care.

It can be quite painful if you see a dent or a scratch on your car (especially a new car), but visiting a car repair shop to fix every minor dent and scratch can burn a hole in your pocket. To fix simple over−the−surface scratches, you don’t really need to take your car to an expert. In this tutorial, we will show you some simple DIY hacks that you can use at home to fix the scratches on your car.

Types of Car Scratches

Before setting out to fix a scratch yourself, it is important that you have a clear idea about the type of scratch you are dealing with and how severe it is.

The severity of a scratch depends on how many layers of the paintwork is actually affected. The paintwork on a Car normally consists of three coats or layers− the “primer” which is the bottom−most layer, the “base paint” which is at the middle, and on top of it, we have the surface layer that is known the “topcoat”.

Based on their severity, car scratches can be grouped into three different categories−

Minor Scratches − Such scratches are barely there and hardly noticeable. A minor scratch just scrapes the topcoat only minutely. They are also known as “clear coat scratches”. You can almost overlook them, however, if you decide to fix such a scratch, it is quite easy and you can do it on your own by using some simple steps which we are going to discuss in this tutorial.

Paint Scratches − These scratches are deeper than minor scratches, as they scrape multiple layers of car coating beyond the topcoat. It is slightly difficult and time−consuming to fix such scratches at home, however it is still manageable if you have a Paint Scratch Repair Kit at your disposal.

Deep Scratches − Deep scratches are the most difficult ones to manage because they go deep down to the Primer level of coating and expose the metal surface. There are ways to fix such scratches at home, but you need to be extra careful with these methods. If the scratch is a deep one, we recommend that you take the car to an auto−repair shop and seek professional help.

Now, let’s see the DIY methods to fix these different types of scratches.

Method 1− A Gentle Wash for Mild Superficial Scratches

Use this method if your car has only mild superficial scratches that have barely scraped the topcoat.

Step 1 − First, spray some water over the surface of the scratch. Dip a microfiber cloth in a solution of liquid detergent and then scrub the area of the scratch with the soft cloth.

Step 2 − Finally, spray some more clean water and wipe it with a clean soft cloth and let it dry.

This is the simplest of cleaning techniques and you should follow this cleaning method once in a while, even when your car is completely scratch−free.

Note − In case you are using powdered−detergent, make sure that it is completely dissolved in water. Else, you may end up getting fresh scratches on the surface while scrubbing it with the microfiber cloth.

Method 2− Use White Toothpaste to Remove Mild Scratches

You can consider using white toothpaste to remove shallow scratches that are limited to the topcoat of paint. Avoid using colored gel toothpastes because they may discolor the surface paint.

Step 1 − First, wash the scratched surface with clean water and wipe it dry with a clean soft microfiber cloth.

Step 2 − Squeeze a bit of white toothpaste onto the microfiber cloth and scrub it gently on the surface of the scratch in a circular motion.

Step 3 − Let the toothpaste remain on the surface for 5 to 10 minutes and then wipe it off.

Decide the quantity of the toothpaste based on the size of the scratch. This method is quite effective in removing surface−level mild scratches.

Method 3− Use a Scratch Remover to Cleanse Surface Scratches

You can use Scratch Removers to get rid of mild scratches that appear on the topcoat. These products are available in both liquid and spray form. You can easily get one of these at your nearest supermarket or an automotive store. Scratch Removers cleanse the surface scratches and blend perfectly well with the rest of the topcoat.

Step 2 − Spray a generous amount of Scratch Remover and let it stay on the surface for 2 to 3 minutes. Finally, take a microfiber cloth and scrub the affected area gently, which will allow the liquid to get absorbed and remove the scratches.

Once the scratches fade away, wax and polish the car to get a smooth finish. Note that Scratch Removers are mild polishing agents and they won’t give you satisfactory results if your car has deep scratches.

Method 4− Fixing Paint Scratches at Home

If you don’t pay attention to a Paint Scratch on your car, then it may aggravate overtime. Since a paint scratch is deep enough to expose the metal part, leaving it for too long will eventually rust the metal body of the affected area.

If you have a Paint Scratch Repair Kit at home, then you can fix a Paint Scratch on your own. Follow the steps given below−

Step 1 − Gently scrub the affected area with a sandpaper until the scratched part is no longer visible. Wipe and clean the area with a soft microfiber cloth.

Step 2 − Take the Polishing Pad from the Repair Kit and spray some Rubbing Compound over the Pad. Now use the Pad to spread the rubbing compound over the scratched area.

Next, run the polisher over the affected area until you see a light haze. End the process by scrubbing the Polishing Compound over the surface to get the original shine.

Method 5− Fixing Deep Car Scratches

Deep scratches are the most difficult ones to handle. Consider fixing such scratches at home only if you have all the necessary tools available and some level of expertise in handling those tools. You need to have the color spray (car’s matching color), a primer spray, car wax, sandpaper, polishing pad, masking tape, and a soft microfiber cloth.

Step 1 − Rub the sandpaper on the scratched area until you remove the paint completely from that portion and see the car’s metal portion. Be gentle while using the sandpaper because you don’t want to introduce any new scratches. Next, you need to apply the primer but before that, use the masking tape and paper to cover the other parts of the car. Now, spray the primer on the affected area and let it dry.

Step 2 − After the primer dries up, the next step is to apply the matching car paint on the scratched portion. Spray a generous amount of matching paint and let it dry. Put a bit of car wax on the polishing pad and rub it over the newly painted area until it matches with the rest of the surface. It’s a good practice to rub the polishing pad in a circular motion.

Sanding the affected area, applying the primer and spraying the matching are not as easy as they may sound. If you are not comfortable using these tools, then we don’t recommend that you tackle such deep scratches on your own.


We discussed multiple methods in this tutorial that you can use to cover the scratches on your car. So, the next time you discover a scratch on your car, try to find out how severe it is, and then decide whether you can fix the issue at home before seeking an expert.

How To Remove Cached Teams Credentials And Account

Some users have been having problems removing old cached credentials and accounts from the web version of Microsoft Teams. In this post we will show you how to delete old accounts from Teams on the web, clear Microsoft Teams credentials via Explorer or Control Panel & remove Teams account from Windows 11 Settings.

How to delete old accounts from Teams on the web

If you want to learn how to remove old, cached credentials and accounts from Microsoft Teams on the Web, then we suggest following the simple steps laid out in this article:

Open your -web browser

Navigate to Teams on the web

Choose the preferred account

Delete cookies to clear old cached credentials

Launch the web browser and find your way to the web version of Teams.

Simply type chúng tôi in the address bar of your web browser.

Hit the Enter key to load the official page.

From there, sign in with your official account credentials.

We suspect that you are using multiple Teams accounts, and the good news is that all users can switch between either with ease, and the same goes for removing them.

You should see a dropdown context menu.

Finally, you must select which account you want to sign out from. As per usual, this won’t take up a moment of your time.

At this time, you will see a small list of all the accounts that are currently signed into Teams.

Select the Switch option from the context menu.

Wait for the page to load as the system opens the chosen account.

In terms of deleting the old, cached credentials that are tied to Teams on the web, you are required to delete the cookies from your web browser.

This post will show you how to clear Cookies, Site Data, Cache for specific websites in Chrome, Edge, Firefox and Opera.

How to clear Microsoft Teams credentials using Explorer

Microsoft Teams credentials can be deleted on a shared computer if the settings folder is removed from the system. If you do not know how to get this done, let us explain.

To clear Microsoft Teams credentials. open File Explorer and find your way to the following folder:


When you see Microsoft.AAD.BrokerPlugin_* folder, please delete it.

This folder contains settings relating to Microsoft Teams account credentials.

Clear Teams credentials via Control Panel

Another solution to try here is to clear Microsoft Teams credentials from within the Credentials Manager.

Open the Control Panel.

From there, select User Accounts from the list of available options.

Navigate to Windows Credentials, then expand the Microsoft Office 365/Teams section.

Close the Control Panel, and be sure after that to relaunch Microsoft Teams.

Sign in once more with your Microsoft Account, and that’s it, you’re done.

Remove Teams account from Windows 11 Settings

The final option here is to remove the Teams account from the Windows 11 Settings area.

Open the Settings app

Select Email & Accounts

Remove the offending device

Add the account again

A webpage will load in your default web browser.

Sign in with your Microsoft account.

Select the View All Devices option.

Finally, you must return to the Settings menu in Windows 11.

Navigate back to Email & Accounts, then add your Microsoft 365 account once more.

After that is done, restart Microsoft Teams to see if the cached credentials have been cleared.

READ: Microsoft Teams Web app not working or loading

How do I clear cache in Microsoft Teams?

Clearing the Microsoft Teams Cache will only take a short moment of your time. Simply open File Explorer then navigate to %appdata%Microsoftteams. Open all the following folders and delete the contents within them:

%appdata%Microsoft teamsapplication cachecache

%appdata%Microsoft teamsblob_storage

%appdata%Microsoft teamsCache

appdata%Microsoft teamsdatabases

appdata%Microsoft teamsGPUcache

appdata%Microsoft teamsIndexedDB

appdata%Microsoft teamsLocal Storage

appdata%Microsoft teamstmp

Restart Microsoft Teams when the action above has been completed.

How do I remove old logins from Teams?

In terms of removing old login credentials from Microsoft Teams, this is something else that is easy to do. You can open the app and sign out of all accounts since it is possible to have multiple accounts tied to your Teams app. Alternatively, it is possible to remove old logins from the Accounts section via the Settings app located under Email & Accounts.

How To Remove Date Snippets From Search Results?

Someone asked a great question in a recent Google SEO office-hours about preventing Google from showing published dates in the search result. Mueller recommended what to do in that situation where a date published should be prevented from showing in the search engine results pages (SERPs).

Static Pages and Publication Dates

Normally Google doesn’t show the date a page like contact or about us doesn’t need to show the publication date.

So if a publisher sees a publication date in the search results it may be evidence of something unexpected in the code that should be removed.

John Mueller provides suggestions on what to do to solve the problem.

Question About Removing Date Snippets

The person asking the question wanted to know how to remove the dates.

This is the question:

“How would you remove date snippets appearing in the search results for static pages like home, services, contact, etc.?”

There is No Date Snippet Meta Tag

Google’s Mueller answered that there is no HTML method to communicate the preference for the date snippet feature.

For example, Google obeys a meta tag called, noarchive. The noarchive meta tag tells Google to not link to a cache of the web page.

There is also a nosnippet meta tag that tells Google not to show a text snippet or video review in Google’s search engine results pages.

But there is no meta tag for telling Google to not show a date snippet from the page.

Google’s John Mueller paused a moment, looking up as he searched for answer.

Then he turned to the camera and said:

“So… we don’t have a meta tag to remove dates in particular from pages that we show in the search results.

Usually we try to understand when it makes sense to show a date on a page.

And we’ll try to show that in the snippet of the search results itself.”

How to Show Specific Dates in Search Snippets

Mueller next said how to specify the right date in Google’s date snippets in the search results.

“If there’s a specific data that you want to have shown, then you can use… I think… the date structured data in the article structured data type, I think… where you can tell use which date we should use there.

So if you do have a date, you can tell us there.

If you don’t tell use there then we’ll look at the content itself to try to find a date within that.”

How to Not Show a Date in the SERPs?

Mueller next suggests ideas of how to diagnose why Google might be showing a date snippet for static pages like the About Us page in the search results.

Mueller said:

“If you don’t want a date to be shown, then it’s not possible to suppress that date snippet from being shown.

But what you could do is, of course, make sure that there is no date shown on your page.

So if you don’t have any dates in the HTML page, then we don’t really have much to pick up on to show there.

So especially when you’re talking about things like a home page or a contact page, for the most part you probably don’t have dates on there anyway.

So that should be something where you shouldn’t see that too frequently.

If you do see this on pages where you’d say well… it’s a normal Contact Us page, why is Google ever showing any dates there, then I would love to have examples of that.

So in particular a query where you’re seeing that happen and the URLs from your site where that’s happening from.

So that’s something that we can take up with the team here that works on showing dates and recognizing dates on a page.

Where we can say, well maybe we’re recognizing a phone as a date accidentally and we need to be able to fix that.”

Make Sure No Published Date in HTML

What may be useful, according to John Mueller is to check out your published HTML page and in your browser select to “view code” in order to see if there’s something there that is sending date information to Google.

And if you find some published date information in the HTML code that you don’t want published in Google’s SERPs then the next step would be to find out what’s part of your code is generating that date and remove it.

Citations Watch Google’s John Mueller Answer  Date Snippets Question

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