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What if we wake up one morning to the news that a super-power AI has emerged with disastrous consequences? Nick Bostrom’s Superintelligent and Max Tegmark’s Life 3.0 books argue that malevolent superintelligence is an existential risk for humanity. Rather than endless anticipation, it’s better to ask a more concrete, empirical question: What would alarm us that superintelligence is indeed at the doorstep? If an AI program develops fundamental new capabilities, that’s the equivalent of a canary collapsing. AI’s performance in games like Go, poker, or Quake 3, is not a canary. The bulk of AI in such games is social work to highlight the problem and design the solution. The credit for AlphaGo’s victory over human Go champions was the talented human team at DeepMind that merely ran the algorithm the people had created. It explains why it takes several years of hard work to translate AI success from one little challenge to the next. Techniques such as deep learning are general, but their impactful application to a particular task needs extensive human intervention. Over the past decades, AI’s core success is machine learning, yet the term ‘machine learning’ is a misnomer. Machines own only a narrow silver of humans’ versatile learning abilities. If you say machine learning is like baby penguins, know how to fish. The reality is that adult penguins swim, catch fish, digest it. They regurgitate fish into their beaks and place morsels into their children’s mouths. Similarly, human scientists and engineers are spoon-feeding AI. In contrast to machine learning , human learning plans personal motivation to a strategic learning plan. For example, I want to drive to be independent of my parents (Personal motivation) to take driver’s ed and practice on weekends (strategic learning). An individual formulates specific learning targets, collects, and labels data. Machines cannot even remotely replicate any of these human abilities. Machines can perform like superhuman; including statistical calculations, but that is merely the last mile of learning. The automated formula of learning problems is our first canary, and it does not seem anywhere close to dying. The second canary is self-driving cars. As Elon Musk speculated, these are the future. Artificial intelligence can fail catastrophically in atypical circumstances, like when an individual in a wheelchair crosses the street. In this case, driving is more challenging than any other AI task because it requires making life-critical, real-time decisions based on the unpredictable physical world and interaction with pedestrians, human drivers, and others. We should deploy a limited number of self-driving cars when they reduce accident rates. Human-level driving is achieved only when this canary be said to have kneeled over. Artificial intelligence doctors are the third canary. AI already has the capability of analysing medical images with superhuman accuracy, which is a little slice of a human doctor’s job. An AI doctor’s responsibility would be interviewing patients, considering complications, consulting other doctors, and so on. These are challenging tasks, which require understanding people, language, and medicine . This type of doctor would not have to fool a patient into wondering it is human. That’s why it is different from the Turing test. A human doctor can do a wide range of tasks in unanticipated situations. One of the world’s most prominent AI experts, Andrew Ng, has stated, “Worrying about AI turning evil is a little bit like worrying about overpopulation on Mars.”

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How To Tell If Cpu Is Doa

Having a dead-on-arrival CPU can be a frustrating experience, especially when you’re building a new computer or upgrading an existing one.

If your CPU doesn’t work, any other component won’t work as it should. However, other faulty hardware can also cause similar issues. So, how can you know if your CPU is DOA?

Well, don’t worry. Here I’ll show you how to detect a DOA CPU and the steps you can take to resolve the issue.

So, let’s jump in.

How to Determine If Your CPU is Dead on Arrival

DOA, aka Dead On Arrival, describes the conditions of a computer or PC hardware when you first receive it. You can easily determine if your CPU is DOA or not by simply plugging and playing. If you were able to get into BIOS and run tests, your CPU is in good condition.

In this section, I will show you how you can identify a DOA CPU. Let’s see how to do it.

Here are the methods to identify a dead-on-arrival (DOA) CPU:

1. Visual Inspection

While checking for CPU DOA errors, you need to look if there are any physical damages or deformations on the CPU. Because physical damage is the main reason for processor DOA. So compare the CPU with its original looks after opening the package.

2. POST Test (Power On Self Test)

Power On Self Test verifies whether the CPU connected to your motherboard is working or not. You can perform this POST test using the computer’s BIOS. If the POST fails, the computer will not boot or display an error message CPU is not functioning properly.

From there, you can be sure your CPU is dead.

3. Attempt to Boot

If your PC fails to boot up or freezes at a certain point, there is a problem with the CPU. In that case, you need to use your CPU on another PC. If the issue remains, then your CPU is faulty.

4. Sudden Shutdown

While using your device, if your pc shows error messages like CPU not functional or overheating, there is some issue with your CPU. However, if your PC suddenly shuts down and you can’t turn it on again, your CPU can get a DOA error.

5. BIOS Settings

You should enter the BIOS and check the CPU settings to ensure the motherboard recognizes your CPU and it functions properly. If not, then your CPU may have some issues.

These are the general methods to tell if your CPU is DOA. But you may not apply it to every computer or CPU. So, if you are unsure, it is best to consult a professional or the manufacturer for further assistance.

On a side note, you should check out our detailed discussion on whether thermal paste can damage the CPU or not.

What Can Cause a DOA CPU?

Usually, physical damage like bend pins, damage in IHS, SMD wreck, or unintentional rub-in the processor surface connector can cause the dead-on-arrival issue in your CPU. Because these kinds of damage can hurt the DIE of your processor. Also, some errors in the factory can cause DOA CPU.

In this portion, I will show you some key reasons that can cause CPU dead-on-arrival problems. It will help you to identify your CPU fault and quickly replace it.

Below are the reasons that can cause the CPU DOA issue:

If your CPU has some bend connector pins, it can be dead. You shouldn’t mount that CPU in your motherboard.

When the CPU IHS has some dent on the surface, it can damage the DIE inside, making the CPU dead.

SMD damage can be responsible for a damaged CPU.

The processor won’t work on your motherboard if you accidentally hard-rub the CPU connector. So make sure to clean your CPU adequately.

These are some reasons that can make your CPU dead. Additionally, dropping the CPU package during delivery can also result in a DOA processor. Read the following section to know what you can do to fix the DOA CPU.

How to Fix Your Defect on Arrival CPU

Unfortunately, there isn’t any way to fix the CPU DOA problem. All you can do is ask for a refund or claim the replacement warranty.

Luckily, if you get a faulty CPU or any parts that break within 30 days of the delivery date, you will get a replacement from the retailer. Also, here’s our in-depth guide on whether a damaged CPU can still work or not.


Can a CPU be DOA?

Yes, your CPU can be DOA, but it’s very rare. Because the CPU goes through some extensive tests before manufacturers release them in the market.

How common is a DOA CPU?

CPU DOA is a very rare problem, but possible. Because the CPU is more sturdy than any other PC component available in the market.

Does the DOA part have warranties?

Yes, you will get a replacement warranty. If you get faulty items or any parts that break within 30 days of the delivery date, you can consider them Dead on Arrival (DOA). Any DOA part has a 30 days replacement warranty.


In short, the CPU is like the brain of your computer. It’s common sense; if your brain is dead, then none of your body parts will work. Just like that, your PC will not open on a dead CPU. Sadly, there isn’t any way to fix dead-on-arrival CPUs. You can only replace the hardware.

After reading the article, I’m sure you know the method to check any dead/damaged CPU on arrival. Comment if you have any other queries about PC hardware. Peace!

How To Tell If Your Xiaomi M2 Is Fake!

We’ve seen first hand at just how convincing a knock-off Xiaomi M1S can look, but with the companies continued popularity and current Xiaomi M2 shortages, small Chinese phone makers have turned their hands to producing Xiaomi M2 clones!

Generally we can tell a fake or clone phone from a mile away and it’s usually the low-price and high specs that give the game away, however the problem Xiaomi customers are facing is that real Xiaomi phones are high-spec, low-cost devices. But worst still is the fact that most consumers haven’t seen a real Xiaomi M2 and have nothing to compare a possible fake to!

With growing complaints on Chinese online auction sites such as Taobao, Chinese tech site CnBeta have decided to put together these comparison photos of the real Xiaomi M2 and the fake, as you can see the knock-off could easily be passed off as real!

Starting with the packaging of the Xiaomi M2 clone, it’s near identical to the real thing with no real way to tell it apart from a genuine chúng tôi package is almost the same.

Xiaomi’s use of recycled cardboard makes them unique and keeps costs low, but it also helps clone makers from passing their phones off as the real thing.

 Can you tell which is the real Xiaomi M2? No, neither could we from this distance. It’s only when you get up close and personal with the phones you start to see the differences. (FYI the fake Xiaomi M2 is on the left)

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As you can see the real Xiaomi phone has much better printing for the logo and also features a star, where as the fake has rough printing and no star. Unfortunately this will hardly help if the person running the printing machine decides to put a little more effort in!

For the rear logo it’s only poor quality which would give the game away and nothing which you would pick up if you just glanced at the logo.

 On the inside things are a little easier to spot, but again only if you know what to look for. The fake (on the left) for example is missing the emergency ROM flashing connections (two points either side of the sim). The real phone also features a black plastic sticker and non-standard head screws. It’s also plain to see that the real Xiaomi has a larger camera sensor and better quality rear flash.

This time the real M2 is above and we can see that the volume buttons of the fake are of poor quality and feature bad moulding. Some fakes have even been known to turn up with the rubber under the buttons missing.

These tips are just ways of telling the real from the fake from the external appearance of the phone. There are also ways to tell from teh OS and performance too, which you can check out here.

For those of you hoping to get a real Xiaomi M2, Xiaomi’s CEO Lei Jun has some informative words on his Weibo for you”

“The only way to buy M2 is from Official Page of XiaoMi.”

Source: Cnbeta

How To Get Alexa, Siri, And Google To Understand You Better

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When voice assistants first came out, I thought they were silly gimmicks and nothing more. Now, I live and die by Google Assistant and Amazon’s Alexa. They navigate me where I want to go, send messages to my friends, and control the lights and thermostats in my house. But occasionally, one or the other will mishear me and perform the wrong command, or just ignore me entirely.

Early on, Alexa, Siri, and Google Assistant required a bit more finesse to get voice commands working properly. These days, they’re much smarter, and spokespeople at both Amazon and Google noted that their devices are always learning about human speech patterns to improve their ability to understand us. It shows. They can pronounce tough names better than before, connect synonyms like “couch” and “sofa,” and even learn the idiosyncrasies of your voice—so the more you talk to them, the better they get. Still, there are occasions where things can go awry. If you’re having trouble, there are a few proactive ways to smooth out the process.

Place them properly

First and foremost, make sure your device—whether it’s a standalone voice assistant product like an Amazon Echo or a phone with an assistant built-in—can actually hear you. If it’s too far away, it may not understand your command, if it hears you at all. Don’t try to hide it behind books or cover it with decorative disguises, as you risk muffling the microphones. And don’t leave it somewhere where ambient noise might confuse it—like next to your TV or your child’s play area.

In general, I’ve been pretty amazed at how well voice assistants can understand me from less-than-ideal spots, and they are learning to ignore ambient noise—but there’s no reason to make their job any harder than it has to be. If you need more than one unit to cover a large area, Echo Dots and Google Home Minis are cheap and easy to spread around your space.

Train them on your voice

If your assistant is having trouble understanding you or someone in your home, there are a few helpful options built into the app.

First, give the device a little extra information on your voice by setting up what Alexa calls “Voice Profiles” and Google calls “Voice Match.” This feature teaches the assistant your specific voice, which not only helps it understand you better, but can also ensure you get relevant responses. So, when you ask what’s happening today, for example, you’ll hear items from your agenda, not your spouse’s.

Siri doesn’t have this exact feature, but you can re-train its “Hey Siri” trigger by switching it off, then on again from the Siri settings on your phone.

When you go through this training with any device, you’ll be prompted to say the wake word for your device: “Alexa,” “Hey Google,” or “Hey Siri.” As you do this, think about how your voice inflects when you actually call on the assistant. I’ve caught myself using very different tones during training than I do in everyday life, which hindered my devices in the past. They’ve gotten better at understanding me over time, but the more you set an assistant up for success, the easier your life will be.

There’s one other thing you can do if you’re an Echo user: tell your assistant it’s made a mistake. Just head to “Activity” in the sidebar of the Alexa app, find the command, and tap “More.” Under “Did Alexa do what you wanted?” specify whether it did or didn’t, which will help improve future responses. Sadly, Google and Siri do not have this feature.

Give devices and people unique names

She’s just so excited Siri successfully called her friend who has a complicated name. Deposit Photos

One of my more frequent frustrations happens when I try to turn on a light, a ceiling fan, or another smart home device and my assistant targets the wrong one—or asks, “Wait, which one?”

After a while, I realized many of my devices had names that were probably too similar to one another, and giving them each unique names meant voice assistants could easily tell them apart. For example, instead of naming each light “Bedroom Light One,” “Bedroom Light Two,” and “Bedroom Light Three”—which would get jumbled up when I said “Turn the bedroom lights on”—I now have “Master Ceiling Light,” “Whitson’s Nightstand Lamp,” and “Kathleen’s Lamp” in a group called “Bedroom Lights.” These are distinct enough that I rarely run into problems anymore. You should also make sure to delete old or duplicate smart home devices from your assistant’s settings—if they’re still looking for devices that aren’t there, they’re going to return an error.

You can similarly adjust your contact list to avoid problems when trying to call your friends. Both Google and Siri allow you to add phonetic names to your contacts, so you can ensure that when you say “Call shee-la,” it knows you mean your Irish friend Sile Murphy. You can also add nicknames to contacts to help differentiate them from others with the same name—or if you want to say something like “Call Mom” and have it work properly without renaming the contact entirely.

Don’t talk like a robot

It’s funny to watch my family and friends interact with their voice assistants. Some speak to them normally (“Alexa, add detergent to my grocery list”), while others talk like a caveman (“Alexa… add grocery list item… detergent”). It’s easy to understand why the latter would be instinctive, especially if you grew up with primitive voice recognition tech, but these devices are designed to understand natural speech patterns. So try to avoid talking like a robot and speak more conversationally—you might find it works better.

Of course, voice assistants aren’t really people, so there are still some conversational commands they may not understand, especially if you leave out important information. For example, if you’re looking to control a third-party device, Alexa usually knows what you want, but if it fails, you may have to say exactly what you mean. For example, “Alexa, turn the volume up,” will turn the assistant’s own volume up, so you’ll need to say “Alexa, ask Harmony to turn the volume up” in order to crank the sound on your Harmony Hub-equipped TV.

Remember, if your assistant just can’t seem to understand a request, the best thing you can do is rephrase it. If you just keep saying the same thing louder and more slowly, there’s a good chance you’ll be disappointed.

How To Check If Iphone You’re Buying Is Stolen Or Not

Do not buy used iPhone or phone without doing this first! For anyone shopping for a used iPhone or Android phone, your top priority should be to check to find out if the iPhone or phone has been stolen or reported as lost.

The reason is simple; a stolen iPhone or phone that has been reported as lost may not work at all if the cellular carrier has blocked the device from accessing a wireless network, this essentially means that buying a stolen iPhone or phone could be a waste of the money (not to mention engaging in the trade of stolen goods).

The good news is the CTIA, which represents the US wireless communications industry, has setup a super easy to use website that allows you to easily check to find out if any iPhone or any smart phone has been stolen or reported as lost.

The website is aptly named chúng tôi and it works by running an IMEI, MEID, or ESN number through the database and it will report back if a device has been reported as lost or stolen.

How to Check If You’re Buying a Stolen iPhone or Android Phone

This is a super easy two-step process, all you need is the phones IMEI number and you can run it against a central database setup by the phone companies:

Get the IMEI number from the iPhone or Android phone, you can also do this by dialing *#06# on the phone

Go to chúng tôi here to check and enter your IMEI number into the website

If the iPhone or phone is reported as stolen or lost, you should strongly consider NOT buying it and instead finding a different device to buy

That’s all there is to it, you can check up to five devices IMEI numbers per day to see if they are stolen or lost or not.

Always do this before you buy a used phone!

To be clear, there is absolutely nothing wrong with buying a used iPhone or smartphone – I have personally bought used phones myself on multiple occasions. I usually aim for refurbished iPhones with a simple return policy where if it doesn’t work for whatever reason right away then it can be returned easily. The seemingly too-good-to-be-true deals that are found on auctions, eBay, or craigslist are almost always too good to be true, a recent model pre-owned iPhone will never realistically sell for $100 or some low sum. If the price is too good, or too cheap, or the seller is sketchy, be skeptical. Always check the IMEI first.

Makes sense, right? So don’t skip this if you’re in the used phone market, you could save yourself a real headache and a waste of money. It’s likely this service won’t detect every single lost or inappropriately owned phone, particularly if they have not been reported as missing yet, but it’s certainly worth running a check through just in case.

Oh and one more thing; if you’re buying a used iPhone then don’t forget to have the prior iPhone owner delete their iCloud account from the device and log out of iCloud on the device completely and then reset it to factory settings. While you can remotely remove iCloud activation lock it is more annoying and it’s much better handled by the owner in person. Apple used to offer a way to check this online but that page has been down for some time, perhaps it will return in the future. Almost all good phone refurbishing services and certified resellers will reset the devices and make sure they’re not locked down, but it’s always good to ask and be sure.


How To Use Chatgpt, The Ai Tool Everyone Is Talking About

You’ve probably heard of ChatGPT by now, but have you used the AI tool or played around with it? If not, you may be intrigued to discover and toy around with ChatGPT, as it’s really quite impressive and powerful, whether you want it to write you formal emails, come up with AppleScript for a specific task, write an essay for you on a given topic, explain how something works in simple terms, or whatever else your imagination comes up with.

For the unfamiliar, ChatGPT is an artificial intelligence language model that understands and generates human language. Developed by OpenAI (with a large recent investment from Microsoft), it works by processing large amounts of data inputs from the web, articles, and books, to then perform various tasks, whether that’s answering questions, generating code, writing text in various styles, and much more.

It’s a very powerful tool that we will all undoubtedly be hearing a lot from over the coming years, so why not try out ChatGPT yourself, explore how it works, and see what you think.

How to Use ChatGPT

To use ChatGPT all you need is any modern device with a web browser, so launch Safari, Chrome, Firefox, Edge, Brave, or your browser of choice, and get started.

At the prompt, ask a question on virtually any subject (as long as it was pre-2023, since that was the data it was given to work with for now), for example:

“Explain string theory in simple terms”

“Why is AI dangerous?”

“Write me an AppleScript that turns off my Mac at 6pm on Thursdays”

“Write me a python script that finds the 10 most commonly used words on a webpage”

“Write me a formal letter using complex legalese that tells my neighbor to stop eating my flowers”

“Write a letter to my boss to quit my job, but make it sound like a 2nd grader wrote it”

“Tell me about your ethics”

“Give me a fictional conversation between Einstein and Oppenheimer where they discuss nuclear fusion”

“Give me a recipe that uses spaghetti, sausage, broccoli, and tomato sauce”

“Plan me a 10 day vacation somewhere safe and tropical, but exotic and unique”

“Write me a song about loving cookies written in iambic pentameter”

You can then explore and refine answers by saying things like “explain that further” or “rewrite, but make it sound like a third grader wrote it”

Have fun and be impressed (and/or creeped out)

ChatGPT is genuinely impressive as you will quickly find out, and it’s astonishing how many careers, jobs, positions, and duties will be enhanced, impacted, or obsoleted in one way or another by these type of AI tools.

Here, ChatGPT offers a recipe given a set of ingredients

With how impressive and elaborate ChatGPT is, you really wonder why Siri just wants to search the web for basically every request or question, but maybe that’s a good thing since Siri is obviously not becoming sentient anytime soon even if it starts talking out of the blue often when it misidentifies a verbal cue for ‘Hey Siri’. Do you think Siri should be as smart and as capable as ChatGPT? Should Apple tie ChatGPT in to Siri? Microsoft put a heavy investment into ChatGPT, so that would be an interesting alliance, given the history of rivalry between Apple and Microsoft.

What do you think of ChatGPT? Do you find it useful, intriguing, pointless, terrifying, or something else? Do you think ChatGPT and AI tools like it will obsolete and replace jobs in the near future, or are humans necessary?

(* Artwork at the very top of this page was generated using an AI drawing tool called NightCafe, which is a completely different AI journey to explore but also fun)


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