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Industrial air technology systems can be classified into two categories: industrial ventilation and process air technology.

Industrial ventilation systems like Canarm include elements such as air conditioning systems, general ventilation systems, local ventilation systems, and process ventilation systems.

On the other hand, process air technology includes drying systems, cleaning systems, and pneumonic conveying systems.

While all of these elements within the two categories are valuable and relevant to the modern world that we live in, let’s consider the industrial ventilation category and its ability to interface with the Internet of Things (IoT).

Industrial ventilation: What and why

Adel Zakaria put together the following industrial ventilation definition as published in the research paper of the same name.

“Ventilation is the mechanical system in a building that brings in “fresh” outdoor air and removes the “contaminated” indoor air.”

Additionally, “in a workplace, ventilation is used to control exposure to airborne contaminants. It is commonly used to remove contaminants such as fumes, dusts, and vapors, in order to provide a healthy and safe working environment.”

In other words, industrial ventilation, or ventilation in the workplace, is a mechanism used to control the airflow inside an industrial building such as a warehouse or factory.

Secondly, but equally importantly, ventilation is used to remove dust, contaminant fumes, and vapors from the building to ensure that employees work in a healthy working environment.

For instance, the journal article titled “Toxic reaction to inhaled paint fumes,” describes the “acute, confusional state” a previously healthy sixty-year-old man was in after “heavy exposure to polyurethane gloss paint fumes.

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The Internet of Things: What and why

“The Internet of Things, or IoT, refers to the billions of physical devices around the world… connected to the internet, all collecting and sharing data.”

Because of the arrival of well-priced computer chips and the ubiquity of wireless networks, it is possible to create an IoT network from any number and type of devices.


Succinctly stated, Steve Ranger, in his chúng tôi article, describes the fact that connecting a number of different devices into a single network adds “a level of data intelligence to devices,” allowing them to communicate with each other in real-time without needing human interaction or a human interface.

Ergo, IoT networks are “making the fabric of the world around us more smarter and more responsive, merging the digital and physical universes.”

The birth of the Internet of Things is fundamentally intertwined with the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The best way to describe this revolution is to consider a definition by Klaus Schwab, the executive chairman and founder of the World Economic Forum.

“We stand on the brink of a technological revolution that will fundamentally alter the way we live, work, and relate to one another. In its scale, scope, and complexity, the transformation will be unlike anything humankind has experienced before.”

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HVAC systems and the IoT

By way of expanding on this statement, let’s consider the following scenario.

Let’s assume you are the senior manager of a manufacturing concern housed in a large factory. You need to upgrade your air conditioning systems. You are also a great believer in technology and would like to implement an HVAC management system driven by the Internet of Things.


Energy management and improving energy usage and efficiencies is a foundational practice in the twenty-first century. The report titled “Design and Implementation of IoT-based HVAC and Lighting System for Energy Saving,” correctly notes that the arrival of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and its associated developments in industry and technology, as well as an explosion in population growth, have increased global energy consumption. This, in turn, is playing havoc with the environment leading to an increase in greenhouse gasses and global warming.

Buildings have increased and continue to grow in size; thus, using more energy. However, it is essential for the environment, and by extension, the global population that reduces greenhouse gasses via the reduction of energy consumption has to be front and center for any industrial concern.

Finally, the reduction in energy consumption is possible and probable by implementing an HVAC system with partitioned nodules, linked to a central dashboard via the Internet of Things, giving supervisors and management the ability to monitor energy usage per node or partition.

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The Internet Of Medical Things Is Future Of Healthcare

The Internet of Things (IoT), an organization of remotely associated actual gadgets that trade information, has changed the healthcare business — and it gives no indications of halting.

Healthcare IoT, additionally alluded to as the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT), has empowered far off understanding consideration, improved clinic and drug measures, and expanded information exactness. In-emergency clinic cleanliness observing gadgets help forestall patient diseases. IoT gadgets in medical clinics help in controlling cooler temperatures, facilitating crisis care and things of that nature.

Outside of clinical offices, patients wear pulse screens, circulatory strain observing sleeves and glucose checking gadgets, just to give a couple of models, that feed results to their primary care physicians.

These technological headways have been progressive, yet we’ve just start to expose the uses of the IoMT. Indeed, Fortune Business Insights gauges the worldwide IoT in healthcare market will detonate in an eight-year time frame, developing from $57.62 billion USD in 2023 to $352.88 billion USD by 2027.

How the IoT is utilized in medical services Crisis clinical consideration

IoT progresses have enormously diminished trauma center stand by times. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) labels, infrared sensors and PC vision gather constant information about clinic bed accessibility. This assists moving patients through the trauma center to be conceded.

A similar information likewise helps Emergency Medication Technicians (EMTs) who transport patients to clinics. On the off chance that EMTs realize one medical clinic needs persistent beds, they can reroute to another emergency clinic that has limit.

As well as supporting in bed accessibility, infrared sensors track stock of blood supply and types accessible at the emergency clinic. This data additionally helps EMTs in realizing the best office to take a patient to.

After going into a trauma center and enrolling, patients get IoT-empowered ID wristbands that track them through each progression of their visit. This assists offices with dissecting how long patients spend in each piece of the interaction to reveal regions needing improvement.

The eventual fate of crisis clinical consideration could include comparable innovation as an IoT-empowered identification that screens circulatory strain, beat, internal heat level and respiratory rate. In the event that a patient abruptly spikes a fever while holding back to be seen, the identification will convey a message to inform the clinical group.

Medical coverage measures

IoT applications in medical coverage depend on persistent information gathered from sensor-based gadgets, like wearables, biosensors and portable applications. This ongoing information assists safety net providers with distinguishing which clinical cycles may be best for singular patients, limiting the degree and cost of unnecessary exploratory methods.

Ultimately, the IoT speeds up claims handling. Normal cases are steered through numerous elements for installment, including government, suppliers and patients. Monitoring claims all through the interaction assists installment.

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Drug store quality control

The IoMT has worked on drug store stock cycles. IoT sensors, for example, RFID labels and standardized tags, underway and storage spaces give continuous perceivability into drug stock and track its development starting with one area then onto the next. This has improved restocking and prescription satisfaction — and harvested massive expense reserve funds for the drug inventory network.

Since the drug business is vigorously controlled, the IoT likewise helps report creation measures, persistently giving ongoing data with respect to consistence to quality principles. This limits the measure of administrative work included, however it likewise guarantees exactness.

Another IoT application here is the utilization of brilliant gadgets to regulate prescriptions and screen patient reaction. For instance, patients who experience difficulty making sure to take as much time as is needed are given “brilliant pills,” or ingestible sensors.

At the point when patients miss a portion of their every day drugs, they get a mechanized update through their cell phone. On the off chance that they actually don’t take their portion, the sensor tells their doctor to follow up.

These brilliant pills additionally furnish patients and medical services specialists with input on how well a patient is reacting to a medicine. This sort of innovation is particularly useful for clinical preliminaries.

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The associated fate of medical services

The IoMT has smoothed out measures and improved the patient experience. Patients profit with comfort, higher commitment and less in-person clinical visits. Suppliers have acquired exact information, better determinations and more productive using time effectively.

The eventual fate of medical services IoT makes certain to bring much more noteworthy headways that further improve on the clinical calling for specialists and patients the same.

Raspberry Pi: The Next Revolution In The Internet Of Things

Raspberry Pi is a more powerful and decent platform for IoT projects


Why Raspberry Pi?

Raspberry Pi has found its way into the world of aspiring tech enthusiasts for computing. Thanks to its low cost, huge processing power in a compact board, availability of multiple interfaces, readily available examples with community support, and many other features, it much more accessible to everyone. To date, several models of RPi have been released. All of them feature a Broadcom system on a chip (SoC) with an integrated ARM-compatible central processing unit (CPU) and on-chip graphics processing unit (GPU). RPi also houses on the board HDMI port, 3.5 mm analogue audio/video jack, 4X USB 2.0, Ethernet, Camera Serial Interface, Display Serial Interface. One of the most popular OSs used for the Raspberry Pi is the Raspbian Operating system. It is based on the Debian OS, optimized for the RPi hardware. Despite some exciting functions of RPi to the engineering world, it is not apt for professional projects. According to a recent 

Interfacing RPi with IoT Services

The internet of things (IoT) is a widespread technology across all industries providing features like monitoring, analysis, prediction and control. It is an immersive, ambient networked computing environment built through the relentless proliferation of smart sensors, cameras, software, databases, and huge data centers. An IoT architecture can be categorized into sensors or actuators, internet gateway, edge IT and data center, and cloud. Raspberry Pi, a low-cost wallet-size computer, is considered the next generation of IoT devices. It can be held on the palm with the capacity of functioning as a full-fledged computer. Raspberry Pi (RPi) defines as a series of single-board computers that are now increasingly being used to connect IoT devices. RPi can be plugged into a computer monitor. It is a capable little device that enables people to explore computing and learn how to program in languages like Scratch and Python. It is also capable of performing everything users expect from a computer. Raspberry Pi can interact with the outside world. It is being used in various areas of digital maker projects, including music machines, parent detectors, weather stations and much more.Raspberry Pi has found its way into the world of aspiring tech enthusiasts for computing. Thanks to its low cost, huge processing power in a compact board, availability of multiple interfaces, readily available examples with community support, and many other features, it much more accessible to everyone. To date, several models of RPi have been released. All of them feature a Broadcom system on a chip (SoC) with an integrated ARM-compatible central processing unit (CPU) and on-chip graphics processing unit (GPU). RPi also houses on the board HDMI port, 3.5 mm analogue audio/video jack, 4X USB 2.0, Ethernet, Camera Serial Interface, Display Serial Interface. One of the most popular OSs used for the Raspberry Pi is the Raspbian Operating system. It is based on the Debian OS, optimized for the RPi hardware. Despite some exciting functions of RPi to the engineering world, it is not apt for professional projects. According to a recent AAC survey , nearly 20 percent of respondents asserted using “maker” boards in end products. In a reader question, some community members reported using maker boards, including the Raspberry Pi, in various settings, including some examples of professional development.Raspberry Pi is able to provide an internet gateway as it has a quad-core ARM Cortex A7 CPU with a frequency of 900 MHz and 1 GB LPDDR2 SDRAM. It can be made to function as the Internet Gateway Device. Incorporating an RPi with other off-the-shelf sensors can make an IoT project a much easier task. As the internet of things requires a microcontroller to process the data, Wi-Fi integration to convey that data to the cloud and actuators to control operations, many innovative minds globally choose Raspberry Pi for developing IoT projects.

What Is An Internet Of Things (Iot) Solutions?

Benefits of Implementing IoT Solutions

Integrating the Internet of Things into your existing systems can have far-reaching benefits, including increased revenue and reduced operating costs. Some of the benefits include −

An opportunity to increase revenues by creating new revenue streams and charging more for services.

The ability to attract new customers and retain current clients.

More efficient operations, reducing your operating costs.

Wider adoption of new technologies, creating a more modern and attractive image.

Increased trustworthiness by customers and regulatory bodies.

Increased data security through the implementation of more robust systems.

Greater brand recognition through the use of intelligent sensors.

The ability to gather valuable insights into customer needs and preferences.

Key IoT Solutions Components

An IoT Solutions system comprises several important parts, such as sensors, actuators, hubs, and gateways. The internet of things’ eyes and ears are sensors they use to gather data about their surroundings. There are numerous types of sensors, each with a distinct function. Actuators allow you to remotely operate machines or physical objects, such as turning on or off the lights or starting a piece of equipment. Hubs serve as a connecting point for all of the various sensors and actuators. Most of the data is gathered, processed, and stored here. Gateways operate as a translation service, enabling computer systems to talk to sensors and actuators that aren’t connected to the internet. There are many different types of IoT Solutions, each with its benefits and drawbacks.

Types of IoT Solutions

There are three primary IoT solutions: Edge, Fog, and Cloud.

Edge IoT Solutions are used in areas with low connectivity, such as remote locations or the ocean, collecting and analyzing data in real-time and sending it to the cloud. 

Fog IoT Solutions sit between the edge and the cloud, collecting and analyzing data in real-time before sending it to the cloud.

Cloud IoT Solutions store and analyze data collected from the fog and edge IoT Solutions, allowing a business to create a single view of its operations.

Challenges of implementing IoT Solutions Strategies for Successfully Implementing IoT Solutions

Before implementing them, you must first decide on a strategy, including the type of IoT Solutions you want to use and the business use case. With this in mind, one should consider the following before making a decision −

Use Case − Which business use case will the IoT Solutions use?

Technical Implementation − What technology will be used to implement the IoT Solutions?

Platform − What platform will be used to implement the IoT Solutions?

Architecture − What architecture will be used to implement the IoT Solutions?

Business Benefits − What are the business benefits of implementing these IoT Solutions?

Data Privacy and Security − How will the data be secured? What are the data privacy and security measures in place?

Cost − What is the estimated cost to implement these IoT Solutions?

Time to Implement − How long will it take to implement? Who are the partners that can help you implement these IoT Solutions?

Examples of Successful IoT Solutions Implementations

Hubspot − Hubspot has implemented IoT Solutions in their CRM (Customer Relationship Management) solution to help sales teams more effectively connect with customers. Setting up smart triggers that automatically send emails when certain conditions are met can increase customer engagement.

GE – GE implemented IoT Solutions to help its healthcare customers better understand the condition and progress of their patients. Using sensors, they can track temperature, heart rate, and other factors, helping doctors and patients make more informed decisions about treatment options.

Tips for getting the most out of IoT Solutions Conclusion

Intel Earnings Show Revenue Gains In Notebooks, Internet Of Things

Intel said Tuesday that it had sold more than 100 million microprocessors for the quarter as it notched record revenues of more than $14.6 billion, evidence that its growing work in the embedded space is beginning to take off.

Intel reported net income of $3.3 billion, up 19 percent from a year ago, on revenue of $14.6 billion. Revenue increased 8 percent from a year ago.

“We are pleased by the progress the company is making,” said Intel CEO Brian Krzanich, in a statement. “We achieved our best-ever revenue and strong profits in the third quarter. There is more to do, but our results give us confidence that we’re successfully executing to our strategy of extending our products across a broad range of exciting new markets.”

Perhaps the most important thing Intel divulged was that it believed the health of the PC industry was strong. Intel executives including chief executive Brian Krzanich took pains to note that the fourth quarter would be “seasonal,” which usually indicates the strongest sales of the year.

Intel’s revenues were driven by its PC Client Group, the microprocessor division that supplies its PC microprocessors. There, revenue increased by 9 percent year over year to $9.2 billion. Intel’s data center business also reported a revenue increase of 16 percent to $3.2 billion.

Within the PC space, desktop revenue was up 6 percent, while the average price climbed by 2 percent. The notebook space, however, is where the fight is most heated. There, Intel grew its notebook business a whopping 21 percent—bad news for rival AMD—though prices fell by 10 percent. Intel is also on track to ship enough processors to power between 40 million and 45 million tablets during 2014, enough to make it the largest merchant supplier of tablet processors, Smith said.

To address the price drops, in the fourth quarter Intel will ship a cost-reduced “Bay Trail” Atom chip, also known as Bay Trail CR, executives said.

Intel’s Internet of Things business, as evidenced by its Edison embedded chips, is also beginning to take off. As a percentage of Intel’s business, it’s rather small—just $530 million. But with 16-percent revenue growth, it’s also gaining traction.

Intel didn’t say specifically how many microprocessors of each category it sold. But with embedded chips selling for just a few dollars, it’s likely that Intel will ship a greater number of chips into wearables and other businesses as it slowly expands its sales efforts.

The one big black mark? Intel’s communications business, which reported an operating loss of $1 billion on revenue of just $1 million.  Ouch. Intel executives say they still sell many of its communications products at a loss. However, its “Sofia” mobile chip with an integrated 3G radio is in validation testing within Intel’s labs, and will be out before the end of the year, executives said. A version with integrated LTE is still on track for next year.

Why this matters: As Intel moves into the holiday season, there’s every reason to believe that sales will be strong—in part, you can imagine, due to Intel’s first shipments of its Broadwell-class “Core M” processors. The other news is that as Intel grabs share in the notebook space, prices continue to fall. That’s good news for technology consumers like you and me, regardless of which manufacturer builds the chips.

Updated at 3:59 with additional details.

Methodologies Of Large Scale Distributed Systems

In this article, we will discuss the different methodologies like waterfall, agile and DevOps methodologies. We will also compare them in tabular format.

Large Scale Distributed Systems

Large-scale distributed systems have large amounts of data, many concurrent users, scalability requirements, and throughput requirements such as latency, etc. So, We need methods that can help developers and engineers efficiently. This can build and manage these Large-scale distributed systems.

In large scale distributed systems, there are various challenges and the major challenge is that the platform has become huge. So it is not able to meet all these needs present in the system. The development and testing practice is also difficult for another challenge. This technology is used by many companies like GIT, Hadoop etc.

Architecture of Large-Scale Distributed Systems

Its architecture has an important role to play in understanding the domain.

Understanding the domain is very important for the stakeholders and the Product Owner. They also had to understand what kind of integration is going to happen with the platform in future.

Another important aspect relates to the security and compliance requirements of the platform. These decisions should be taken right from the beginning of the projects so that the development process is not affected in future.

Distributed systems consist of many nodes that are separated but linked together using a network. Each of these nodes contains a small part of the distributed operating system software. Large distributed systems are very complex, which makes a lot of sense fault tolerance. It means that you have considered all possible cases when your system may crash and recover from it.

Importance of methodologies in developing large-scale distributed systems

Here are some reasons why methodologies are important in developing large-scale distributed systems −

It can provide a structured approach. It breaks down the project into manageable chunks.

It can promote collaboration and communication among team members.

It can help testing and quality assurance.

It can improve project management because of a clear roadmap.


There are many methodologies available but we will discuss three here: Waterfall, Agile and DevOps methodologies.

Waterfall Methodology:

This is the traditional approach which involves a linear and sequential process. First phase is requirements gathering, then design, implementation, testing, and maintenance. Each phase must be completed before moving on to the next. Changes made in one phase may be difficult to implement in subsequent phases. This methodology is best suited for projects with clear and well-defined requirements, and where frequent changes are not likely to occur.


Clear documentation of the project’s requirements and design.

Easy to manage and control due to its linear structure.

Well-suited for projects with limited changes or updates.

Rigid and inflexible

Changes in requirements or design can cause significant delays and additional costs

Testing and bug fixing are typically done at the end of the development process, which can lead to increased costs and delays.

Agile Methodology

It is an iterative and collaborative approach. It emphasizes flexibility, adaptability and customer satisfaction. It breaks down the development process into smaller, more manageable parts.

These parts are known as sprints. Each Sprint is focused on delivering a working product increment. Agile methodologies are best suited for projects with rapidly changing requirements, where customer feedback and collaboration are critical.


Flexibility and adaptability to changing requirements.

Quick feedback and cooperation with customers.

High level of transparency.

Uncertainties due not planning.

Complex project management, and large teams.

Requires strong communication and collaboration among team members.

DevOps Methodology

It involves communication, collaboration and integration between software developers and IT operations professionals. The goal is to make the software development process more efficient. It can be done by automating repetitive tasks, eliminating errors and reducing the time. It takes time to deliver new features to users. The DevOps methodology is best suited for large-scale distributed systems that require frequent updates and maintenance.


Faster time to market.

Continuous delivery and deployment of updates and new features.

Improved collaboration and communication between development and operations teams.

Requires significant investment in automation tools and infrastructure.

Limited suitability for projects with infrequent updates or small teams.

Can lead to increased complexity in the development process.

Comparison of these Methodologies

We can compare these methods as follows.








Linear and sequential

Upfront planning

Rigid and inflexible

Testing at the end

Individual responsibility


Iterative and collaborative

Ongoing planning

Flexible and adaptable

Ongoing testing

Emphasizes collaboration


Iterative and collaborative

Ongoing planning

Flexible and adaptable

Ongoing testing

Emphasizes collaboration

Factors to consider when choosing a methodology −



Project Requirements

Complexity, level of uncertainty in requirements, and size of the development team.


Strict deadlines may require Waterfall, while Agile and DevOps offer more flexibility.

Team size and expertise

Smaller teams may benefit from Waterfall, while larger teams with diverse expertise may be better suited for Agile or DevOps

You should carefully consider the project requirements and team dynamics when choosing a methodology. Each of these approaches has its own weaknesses and strengths.

Challenges in Developing Large Scale Distributed Systems

There are various challenges in developing large-scale distributed systems. These are as follows below

Scalability − There should be scale up or down as needed without affecting performance of the system, so that it can handle huge amounts of traffic and data.

Fault Tolerance − The system should have fault tolerance so that it can handle failures and recover quickly from them,

Security − It should have security measures like encryption, authentication and access control. It ensures the security and prevents unauthorized access and malicious attacks.

Interoperability − It must be ensured that the components can communicate and work together. It includes many components from different vendors.

Data Management − To handle large amounts of data, systems should be designed for management of data.

Complexity − Involving multiple components and technologies, deep understanding of the architecture of the system. This design is essential to ensure its successful development.

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