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Introduction to Jenkins Backup

Jenkins backup is a solution for keeping the backup of critical configuration settings related to Jenkins. Jenkins has a backup plugin that can used to backup. Jenkins Backup and restore refers to services and practices for making periodic copies of data like configuration and access rights settings. All the backup data which includes setting related to IAM (Identity Access Management), plugin, artifacts archives and build logs saved inJENKINS_HOME directory. The easiest way to backup is just to set the new folder with new backup and just copy it back whenever it’s required the same.

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There are multiple methods to back up the Jenkins configurations such as:

1. using thin backup

2. using the git repo

Process of Setting up a Backup and Restore Jenkins

We will consider the process of setting up a backup and restore Jenkins to a new server step by step:

Login to Jenkins UI

We can see the plugin installed successfully after restarting Jenkins. We can found the newly installed plugin “Thin Backup plugin “under Manage Jenkins link.

Jenkins Thin Backup Setting

We can see backup configuration settings are available below. The user who is running the Jenkins services is responsible to define all the below configuration. The first configuration to define the directory where all the settings and configurations related to Jenkins are going to store. We can also schedule the backup for time to time update.

Performing Backup

Restoring Backup

The best way to check your backup data is, navigate to the specified back up directory. You could see the backup is created with the attached timestamp to the folder name. You can also find your old backup file which is available based on your retention policy settings.

Output directory where backup generated

Note: Perform sanity once Jenkins restore task has been successfully done.

Let’s take a scenario where I have deleted some files from Jenkins directory and recovered it from the backup.


rm: remove regular file ./lenkIns/hudson.plugins.git.GitTool.xml’? y

ls: cannot access chúng tôi No such file or directory

Post deletion of some files, we have restored the data from the backup.

For restoring

Step 2: Select the backup point from which you want to restore it back.

Now we have run the command to verify the file which was deleted is successfully restored or not.

Type the command “ls –l /apps/jenkins/hudson.plugins.git.GitTool.xml” verify the file.

rm /aaps/jenkins/hudson.plugins.git.GitTool.xml

rm: remove regular file ‘/apps/jenkins/hudson.plugins.git.GitTool.xml’? y

ls -l /apps/jenkins/hudson.plugins.git.GitTool.xml

ls: cannot access chúng tôi No such the or directory

-rw-r–r–. 1 Jenkins Jenkins 370 May 27 04:31 /apps/jenkins/hudson.plugins.git.GitTool.xml

Using the git repo

Let’s suppose in any organization, it has followed the devops practice and configured Jenkins as part of their build process. Basically DevOps team wants to configure a process and as part of process to set up a periodic backup for any disaster.

Pipeline Script to take backup

Step 1: Create a new Jenkins Job. You should choose Freestyle project

Step 2: Let’s add a job that will completely backup Jenkins including all jobs, playbooks, whatever else you have there. It will backup everything located at /var/lib/Jenkins. Select the “Build Periodically” build trigger and configure to run as frequently as you like.

Create a new file Backup_config and add the below script. Once the script added commit the file into source code repository.


pipeline { agentany stages { stage("BACKUP"){ steps{ sh """#!/bin/bash pushdbackup_config sudogitconfig --local "[email protected]" sudogitconfig --global chúng tôi "Smaheshwar85" popd cp -v var/lib/jenkins/*xml $WORKSPACE/backup_config pushdvar/lib/jenkins/ mkdir -p $WORKSPACE/backup_config/`dirname $i` cp $i $WORKSPACE/backup_config/`dirname $i` done popd cp -rfvvar/lib/jenkins/secret* $WORKSPACE/backup_config/ cp -rfvvar/lib/jenkins/user* $WORKSPACE/backup_config/ pushdbackup_config sudogit commit -a -m"Jenkins Backup Job" """ }} stage("PUSH"){ steps{ sshagent(["$GIT_CREDENTIAL_ID"]) { sh "cdbackup_config&&git push origin HEAD:$BACKUP_BRANCH" } }} }}


Once you have triggered the building backup is generated.

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How To Backup And Restore Drivers In Windows 11/10

Device Drivers are software that lets you use anything on PC with the OS. There are drivers for the graphics card, keyboards, mouse, and everything else. Now it may so happen that for some reason a device has stopped working, or is not responding as it should. In that case, the only option is to remove the driver, and reinstall it.  In this guide, we are sharing some of the best methods to Backup and Restore Drivers in Windows 11/10.

While it sounds easy, not everyone has their device drivers available right on the Windows PC. One may have to download it from OEM or let Windows configure it by downloading through the updates. The only solution is to back up the driver so you can use it anytime. This becomes very useful for the old device for which OEMs don’t have the device driver anymore.

How to Backup & Restore Drivers in Windows 11/10

Before we start, to get all of these done, you need Admin privilege with your account. You should know that unless you are very clear about these, do not attempt them. We will start with Windows inbuilt methods, and then suggest some third-party software that has an easy-to-use interface.

Backup Drivers using Command Prompt & PowerShell

We will use the popular tool DISM (Deployment Image Servicing and Management) here. It can both export, and import drivers in bulk.

Create a folder “Driver-Backups” in your PC anywhere on a drive other than where Windows is installed.

Open Command Prompt with admin privileges, and execute the following command-

dism /online /export-driver /destination:"Driver-Backups folder path"

Here and later elsewhere in this post, “Driver-Backups folder path” is the path of the folder you created. If you created this folder on your D drive, then the path would be D:Driver-Backups.

This will export all the drivers in your Windows 10 PC in the folder. It should say – The operation completed successfully. Make sure to keep a backup of that folder in one of your cloud drives.

The driver servicing command supports only .inf files. Windows Installer or other driver package types (such as .exe files) are not supported.

Now here is the deal. While this tool lets you export all drivers, it doesn’t help you install those drivers back to Windows. The command has an option /add-driver, but it will work with Windows 10 ISO image. If you are creating an ISO and then planning to install it, you can use the following command.

Open Command Prompt with admin privileges.

Navigate to the Backup Driver folder.

Execute the following command-

dism /ISOIMAGENAME /Add-Driver /Driver:"Driver-Backups folder path" /Recurse

If you are used to PowerShell than the command prompt, you can use that too. It offers a command, Export-WindowsDriver -Online -Destination “Driver-Backup folder path”, which lets you take backup. Please read out the detailed post about exporting Device Drivers using PowerShell here.

Restore Device Drivers in Windows 11/10

It is best to install the driver manually if you are following this method. You will have to do it one by one, but in case something goes wrong, you will have a better understanding of what caused the problem. Make sure to keep the path of your Backup-Driver handy.

Open Device Manager using the Win+X Quick Link menu.

You will have two options, automatic, and manual. Select Browse my computer for drivers software.

In the next screen, you need to copy-paste the folder path, and also select the option to include subfolders.

The Device Manager will now search for the driver that is available for the hardware and install it. It is possible that Windows might have updated it with the new version, but if you want to rollback or keep an old one, you can do so.

Software to Backup & Restore Drivers

If you are looking for an easy way to backup drivers in Windows 10, then you may also use third-party driver backup software which can do that for you. This software can create a backup, and later restore them on demand.

Free Driver Backup is one such software that can do that for you. Apart from drivers, it can also backup cookies, registry, and other things as well. It also offers recommendations, or you can choose to backup all the drivers. Restoring is easy as well. Just point out to the backup folder, and it will pick up, and install it one by one.

Some others you may check out are Driver Sweeper, DriverBackUp, Free Driver Backup and Double Driver. If you are specifically looking to update AMD driver, check out  AMD Autodetect, and for Intel, check out Intel Driver Update Utility.

Let us know if we missed anything.

Tips And Tricks I Learned Setting Up My Home Wi

Robert Triggs / Android Authority

Building the optimal home Wi-Fi network can feel like a never-ending process of trial and error. I’ve recently experienced just such a sense of frustration and elation while upgrading my fiber broadband package, and at the same time replacing a pair of first-gen Google Wifi hubs with a new mesh router setup.

Switching over to a pair of Linksys Velop Mesh Home access points has vastly improved my Wi-Fi experience, not just for internet use but local network speeds and latency too. Even though, on paper, it appears that the Google Wifi package offered essentially all of the same core features and specifications. Lesson learned — read the finer details.

So what ended up making all the difference? Read on to find out.

See also: Google Nest Wifi vs Google Wifi

TLDR: Essential home Wi-Fi mesh setup tips

If you’re in a hurry, let’s get straight to the point. Here’s what I discovered while revamping my home Wi-Fi mesh network, plus some tricks that might help with yours.

Tri-band rather than dual-band access points are much faster and more reliable. Don’t quibble, spend your money on getting this right — it’s the single biggest improvement you can buy.

Invest in mesh hubs with multiple powerful antennas and amplifiers — the more the better really. They produce a robust signal that can easily penetrate a wall or perhaps two, making it far easier to build a reliable mesh.

Limit the distance between hubs where possible to ensure a strong connection and therefore fast data speeds between them. Your home mesh is only as strong as your weakest link.

You can use a network analyzer app to check the signal strength around your home. This is helpful when looking for ideal places to put an extender hub as well as to check the coverage strength of your network.

Don’t be afraid of using longer ethernet cables to place hubs where you need them. Just remember, buy a Cat6 cable so you don’t bottleneck those 1Gbps ethernet ports.

For additional tips, tricks, and need-to-know essentials on mesh networking, check out our detailed guide.

Building my home Wi-Fi network

Robert Triggs / Android Authority

Before going any further, I should explain a little about my weird home internet setup. My fiber line comes into an upstairs office on the far side of my house, while the living room and bedrooms are at the other end of the house. Hitting the most regularly occupied rooms (and my Ring doorbell) with a single Wi-Fi router is virtually impossible. The connection quality in the most used rooms had been ultra-poor due to the thick brick walls of this old house.

To solve this problem, I moved over to a pair of first-gen Google Wifi hubs some time ago. On paper, the original Google Wifi hub looks like a pretty decent piece of kit for mesh working, and it is certainly suitable for a 100Mbps or so broadband package. Not to mention its simplicity of setup and use. However, I initially struggled to strike the right balance of hub-to-hub speed and coverage with two Google Wifi hubs. No doubt a familiar feeling for those of you who’ve set up your own home Wi-Fi meshes.

Mesh networks offer better coverage but data speeds are only as good as the weakest link in the mesh.

Besides buying more hubs, the best setup I could come up with was to run an ethernet cable downstairs from my office to the kitchen and then plug in the second Google Wi-Fi point in the living room just one wall away. Although this worked fine and provided 5GHz to most of the house, my WLAN speeds still fell below 150mbps in the living room and sometimes below 50mbps or so in the bedrooms. Sending big files over WLAN was actually more sluggish than before but I resigned myself to the fact this is the best I could do. After all, those speeds were OK for an 80Mbps fiber connection.

Robert Triggs / Android Authority

When switching to the Linksys Velop, I took the opportunity to start from scratch. Much to my surprise, I no longer need to run an ugly ethernet cable downstairs. The first router remains up in the office yet provides a robust enough signal to hit a second access point down in the kitchen, a layout that was too slow with the Google Wifi points. Even with this seemingly less ideal setup, at least from a home layout perspective, coverage is just as good as before, and WLAN speeds are in excess of 300Mbps in my living room and regularly hit above 100Mbps in my farthest bedroom.

Related: What is the upcoming Wi-Fi 7 standard all about?

Why is this mesh setup so much better?

Robert Triggs / Android Authority

While a lot of variables have changed, the biggest improvement has come about from switching from dual-band to tri-band mesh access points. It’s a surprisingly easy specification to overlook when picking out a product, especially next to all the talk of 5GHz and 6GHz bands, band steering, and MIMO antennas. However, it’s actually the most important feature you can spend money on when building a home mesh network.

In a nutshell, simultaneous tri-band provides an additional 5GHz band reserved for hub-to-hub communication, freeing up the original 5GHz band for all your devices. Dual-band Wi-Fi hubs have to share their bandwidth between themselves and your gadgets, slowing down data speeds and clogging up their available network capacity. This explains why my 5GHz LAN connections were still quite slow when using Google Wifi, even though the signal strength appeared to be strong.

Tri-band Wi-Fi technology is the single most important mesh feature you can spend money on.

In reality, dual-band mesh hubs are more like simple range extenders — fine in some instances but to be avoided if peak speed or a complex mesh is your goal. Check out the video below for a closer look at the ins and outs of tri-band mesh networking.

The Linksys hubs also seem to produce more powerful, further-reaching 2.4GHz and particularly 5GHz bands. This additional power and extended range make it far easier to build a suitable mesh network with just a couple of hubs, rather than relying on three or four cheaper, lower power models to cover the same area. This is also a boon for the various smart home products I have dotted around my home, which are all seeing much more robust connections and fewer connection dropouts.

All that said, my home networking needs are bound to be a bit different from yours. While the Google Wifi may not have been brilliant for my use case, I can’t argue with its ease of installation and handy Google Home app integration. The Linksys system is not so easy to set up and the Android app is laggy, but the more powerful hardware and configuration options are better suited to my needs.

Best Backup Software Of 2023

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Written By Curtis Silver

Published Jun 13, 2023 1:00 PM

Solid backup software should be a fundamental part of your digital life. If you aren’t backing up your data on a regular basis then you are putting your documents and memories at risk. There are free cloud solutions offered by Google and Apple that we generally agree to upon the purchase of a new smartphone. But these solutions are limited and don’t offer the same dedicated security and reliability that you can find with software designed for the purpose of backing up your data. It’s the best backup software that can offer you more than just a secondary place to store your litany of photos. 

The other factor that necessitates the need for backup software is the physical lifespan of our storage devices. Both internal and external hard drives have limited life spans. These devices will cease to function at some point and if we’re not vigilant with backing up our data with a full redundancy plan, we put our data at risk. The best backup software will add an essential layer of security to your computer workflow without adding a ton of extra hassle or cost.

How we chose the best backup software

Reputation is important when it comes to backup software because it’s a big deal to trust a company with your files. For this list, we started by comparing a wide array of backup software, then emphasized those with solid pricing, reliable service, decent encryption, and broad compatibility. We relied on a combination of personal experience, editorial reviews, user impressions, and feature comparisons to choose the best possible options for a variety of users. As companies often change their offerings, pricing, and terms of service, it’s always a good idea to make sure you know exactly what you’re paying for before signing up—especially true if you’re getting into a longer-term deal.

Things to consider before buying the best backup software

When you are purchasing (or downloading a free version) backup software, you’ll want to remember to only buy what you need. Many products on the market are filled with technical features that can obfuscate the standard operation of the software. Additionally, there are just as many, if not more, enterprise backup software solutions that you likely don’t need. Simple can absolutely be better, especially if it means the difference between using it and avoiding it.


Backup software options, good and bad, can range in price from free to upwards of a few hundred dollars. While it’s difficult to truly put a price on your data, it’s important to put it in perspective. Paying a one-time cost of $50 to secure your data is a bargain compared to what you pay annually for streaming services alone. While that’s not a direct parallel, it helps put it in perspective. Free options have their place as well, but there is always a catch with anything that’s free. In this case, that can mean less reliable, slower, or less secure services.

Level of encryption security

There are two levels of encryption security employed by most backup software products. Either one is acceptable for general use. While 128-bit Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is the basic level of protection, 256-bit AES offers more secure encryption because the encryption key is longer. The good news is that, unlike crypto wallets, you generally don’t have to remember or store these encryption keys as the backup software handles them for you.

Incremental backup vs. full backup

Once you settle on a piece of backup software, you’ll have to decide how you want your backups to proceed. Most backup software products offer both incremental and full backups, but you might have to toggle some settings. Incremental backup means that the software only backs up the data that has changed since your last backup. This is handy if you want quick, more frequent backups. Full backups do as the name implies, backing up all your data every time. This is the default method of software backups but usually is run in tandem with incrementals.

Operating system compatibility

In a world of multiple operating systems (albeit some more popular than others), it’s important to make sure that the backup software you choose works with the OS you run. There are pieces of software designed specifically for particular operating systems. Windows, Linux, and macOS all have backup software programs that work best with the OS, and some that won’t work at all.

The best backup software: Reviews & Recommendations

With the features and specs outlined above, it’s time to get into the specific picks. While we have broken these choices down into categories, there’s always some overlap involved, so be sure to peruse the entire list before committing to one option.

Best for Windows: Acronis Cyber Protect Home Office

Why it made the cut: Acronis Cyber Protect is a feature-filled piece of software that offers more backup tools than its competitors.


System compatibility: For macOS, Windows, Android, iOS

Encryption: AES-256 encryption

Price: $49.99 – $124.99


Backup locally or to the cloud

Ransomware protection

File syncing

Tons of features


Advanced features can be tenuous for basic users

Slower upload speed

No free storage

Acronis Cyber Protect offers full backups for your PC, as well as the option to clone drives or even partitions. You can even select individual folders and files to backup. You can back up locally or to a cloud service. There is also an annual subscription for additional security features, with 500GB of storage on the base plan. The point is that Acronis is packed with handy backup features like disk cleanup and system management utilities. 

One issue with backup software can be the interface. With Acronis Cyber Protect, the interface is very similar to a file manager. That makes it very consumer-friendly and easier to understand and use. Some of the deeper menu options can be a little confusing, but nothing the user manual can’t sort out. 

Best for Mac: Get Backup Pro 3

Why it made the cut: Get Backup Pro is a backup utility app specifically designed for macOS users.


System compatibility: For macOS

Encryption: AES-128, AES-256, Blowfish, Triple DES encryption

Price: $19.99


Scheduled backups

Incremental backups

User-friendly UI


Just for MacOS

No additional security protections

Get Backup Pro is a simple piece of backup software that offers very simple options. If you want to backup your data before yet another macOS operating system update, this is one of your best options. It can create a bootable clone of your drive, so when the OS upgrade bricks your system, you’ll be good to go upon restoring. It also provides incremental backups, cutting down on backup time and memory resources. 

This is a very easy-to-use backup option. You can schedule your backups with relative ease and choose your backup location. Again, basic stuff here. The selling point of Get Backup Pro is that it’s optimized for macOS and is a good thing to have installed if you are an early OS adapter.

Best free: Aomei Backupper 6 Standard

Why it made the cut: Backupper 6 Standard offers a free standard version of its software that covers your basic backup needs. 


System compatibility: Windows

Encryption: None

Price: Free – $59.95



Easy to manipulate

Backups stored in one file


Aomei Backupper 6 Standard comes in three versions: Free, Professional ($49.95), and Workstation ($59.95). Each one offers an escalating list of backup options, with the Workstation version being designed for business use. The free version offers basic backup options such as file, system, disk, and partition backups. It jams all of this in one AFI file you can move wherever you need it. The paid versions add schemas, differential backups, and encryption.

Best for power users: IDrive

Why it made the cut: IDrive is a powerful backup tool aimed at businesses and power users, which makes it an essential option for cloud backups.


System compatibility: For Windows, macOS, Android, iOS, Linux/Unix

Encryption: 256-bit AES encryption

Price: $3.98 annual subscription


Multiple OS support

End-to-end encryption

Tons of options


Subscription tiers can get pricey

Lacks real-time collaboration tools

For $3.98 a year you can have 10TB of encrypted cloud storage. That’s not a bad deal. That’s only for the first year, then the cost jumps a bit. And if you’ve got a small business, the cost could be in the thousands based on how many machines you need to be backed up. That being said, IDrive offers a clear, easy-to-use UI, and hierarchical backups. 

IDrive provides end-to-end encryption, but it requires you to hold a private key. This means if you lose that key, you lose access to your data. If you fear that loss, IDrive also offers standard encryption, storing the access key for you. IDrive has a wide range of backup options for whatever you need, whether it be photos on your phone or enterprise servers. While the UI can be a bit technical at times, it’s easy enough to navigate while dragging and dropping your files. 

Best for media storage: Google/iCloud

Why it made the cut: It’s a surprisingly full-featured offering for a free option.


System compatibility: For all operating systems

Encryption: Basic 2FA security

Price: Totally free


You already have it

Easy to use

Coordinates across devices


Storage fills up fast

No true automatic backup options

No security features

If your backup needs are limited to your photos, videos, and random media files, you might not need to purchase backup software at all. Sometimes simpler is better, especially if you don’t need anything complex. Some users don’t care about creating a drive image, or a full restore. These users simply use their computers for web-based work or play and just need a place to store their pictures and miscellaneous files. 

Whether you are using a Mac or Windows PC, Google and Apple’s iCloud are available to you (generally depending on your mobile device OS preference). Both offer generous free storage upgradeable for a small fee. They are both simple options for automatic backups of the photos on your smartphone or documents created in the cloud. Plus, they are accessible from anywhere anytime. 

Best unlimited cloud storage: Backblaze

Why it made the cut: Backblaze packs in all the great features you’d expect from a competent backup software, with an unlimited storage capacity.


System compatibility: For Windows and macOS

Encryption: 128-bit AES encryption

Price: Variable annual rate


One pricing plan

Offline restore options

File sharing

Unlimited storage


Single license only

No folder syncing

Backblaze has been around for a while and is one of the most widely used backup software programs. One of those reasons is that Backblaze keeps it fairly simple with one subscription plan per single computer. Most users, though, would cite the unlimited storage offered as its main selling point. It’s not the fastest backup solution on the market, and its web interface is a bit clunky, but did we mention unlimited storage?

Seven dollars a month (at the high end, a longer subscription lowers the per month rate) for unlimited storage is a heck of a good deal. When you download Backblaze it’ll prompt you to back up everything and provide a storage estimate. If you want to only back up certain things, you’ll have to deal with that later through an exclusion menu. This process can be a bit of a pain, but again, unlimited storage for a few dollars a month. You really can’t get it better than that. 

FAQs Q: Does Windows 10 include backup software?

Technically, yes. Windows includes its classic “Backup and Restore” utility that creates full backups and drive images. You can also restore files with its file history feature. These are fairly straightforward backup options and are contingent on a physical location or backup drive for storage. These are not separate software platforms though, they are baked into Windows.

Q: What is backup software used for?

Backup software is used to secure your data through redundancy. While this can functionally be done by simply copying and pasting all your files on an ongoing basis to an external drive, most backup software programs will do this automatically. Additionally, many backup software options are cloud-based and can create incremental backups, saving space and time. If you have data, no matter the type, you should consider a competent backup option.

Q: What is the best personal backup software for Windows 10?

For its pricing and options, Acronis Cyber Protect Home Office is the best third-party option for Windows 10 PCs. This is a comprehensive piece of software that is simultaneously easy to use. It has a clean user interface and won’t break the bank with its standard storage plans. If the built-in Windows features aren’t offering you the backup options you need, then Acronis should be at the top of your list.

Q: What should I look for in backup software?

When shopping for backup software, like anything else, you’ll want to look for one that meets your needs. Are you running enterprise servers? More than one PC? Do you only need your photos backed up? What operating system are you running? All these factors tie into your backup software decision.

The final word on the best backup software

Your data is important to you so why would you put it at risk by putting your faith in your operating system never breaking down? Between power outages frying your motherboard, operating system updates bricking your system or even kids spamming the delete button, having a reliable backup system is important. Finding a piece of backup software that offers incremental or full backups at a reasonable price can be the difference between losing your data forever and just losing it for a few hours. 

How To Set Up An Automatic Backup System For Windows

Anyone who regularly uses a home computer ends up storing a large amount of very important information that they don’t want to lose. The best way to protect this information is by setting up an automatic backup system for Windows.

There are a few approaches you can take to backup your Windows system. You can use a tool like SyncToy to schedule the backup of the most important folders on your system. Or you can choose from a list of free system cloning apps to take a full backup of your entire Windows system.

Table of Contents

In this article, you’ll learn how to use one of those tools – EaseUS – to set up an automatic backup system for Windows with a smart backup schedule that won’t interfere with your computer use.

Setting Up An EaseUS Automatic Backup System

When you first install EaseUS, it’ll ask you to choose a setup folder where all of the backup files will be stored.

Browse to a backup folder on an external hard drive where you’ll be keeping your backups. Create a new backup folder if you need to.

Select OK and then Next when you’re done. The installation program will complete the EaseUS installation.

There are two parts to setting up a good automatic backup system for Windows. The first is configuring what gets backed up, and the second is scheduling the backups for when it’ll have the lowest impact.

To set up the backup of your Windows system, select the System Backup button on the main screen. This will launch another window where you can select what you want to back up.

Optimizing System Backups

Select Backup options to optimize your backup procedure.

Select Space from the left navigation menu. If you’ve purchased the paid edition of EaseUS, you can change the Compression setting to High to save space. If you’re using the free version you’ll need to keep this set to Normal. 

Select Performance from the navigation menu, and slide the Priority slider to High. 

This will ensure all system resources are dedicated to taking the backup. While this might be an issue if you were trying to use your computer, you’re going to schedule the backups to take place during a time when all system resources will be available for it.

Select Advanced from the navigation menu, and make sure Sector by sector backup is not enabled. 

A sector by sector backup would copy every sector, including those that don’t store any important information. By not selecting this, it’ll save space and make your automatic backup more efficient.

Select Save to finish.

Schedule Your Backup To Daily

To ensure that you have a fresh update of all system changes that occur every day, you’ll want to make sure backups happen every day.

On the System Backup screen, select the Schedule: Off link.

In the Backup Scheme window, change the Schedule Type to Daily. Next, make sure the time is set to 12:00 AM, or any other time of day when you aren’t likely to be using your computer.

Set the Backup method to Incremental. This will reduce the amount of time that backups take every day, since only folders and files that have changed will be backed up each day.

Make sure Wake the computer to run this backup is enabled, and disable Run missed backup at system startup if computer is shutdown.

This will ensure that even if the computer has gone to sleep, it’ll wake up to initiate the backup as required. 

By disabling the missed backup option, it’ll keep the backup from consuming all system resources once you get back on your computer the next day.

Once you’re done, on the System Backup window select Save to finish. Now you’ll see the backups you’ve scheduled listed in the main window.

By scheduling the backup after hours, they can take place when it won’t impact your computer use in any way. 

Create a Cloud-Based Automatic Backup System

If you really only care about a set of important files or folders on your system, then syncing a folder on your PC to be backed up to the cloud is the best way to go. One of the best tools for doing this is Google Drive Sync. 

Once you install Google Drive on your PC, you’ll see a new drive show up in Windows Explorer called Google Drive.

Anything you place in this Google Drive will automatically get synced with your Google Drive account. 

To keep your backup organized, create a new folder in your Google Drive directory called Computer Share. Now you can copy all of the important files or folders on your PC into this Computer Share directory.

Everything you move there, you’ll see show up in your Google Drive account.

This will open your browser and take you directly to the drive so you don’t have to search for the drive online. 

Once you’ve established this synced link between Google Drive and your PC, start copying all of your important files and folders into the new shared drive. Move them all inside the Computer Share folder you’ve created.

Protect Your Backups From Viruses

Having a backup is fantastic, but having your automatic backup system copy over infected files isn’t. This is why when you’re done setting up your backup system, you should also invest time in setting up a daily virus scan as well. 

At least set up Windows Defender for automatic scans. However, installing full antivirus software is even better. There are lots of free antivirus options. In your antivirus software, make sure to configure the virus scans to run daily.

Set the scan time to when you’ll be on your computer. The reason for this is so that when the antivirus software identifies the virus, you need to act fast to protect your backups.

This will give you time to resolve the virus or malware infection without impacting your backups.

By scheduling your antivirus scans either when your computer system boots up, or during your work time, and scheduling backups only after you’re done for the day, you’ll reduce the risk of infections ever impacting your automatic backups.

Consumer Goal Perception: Meaning And Process

Consumer Goal Perception

Many theorists have argued that goals are increasingly becoming the primary influence on consumer behavior. A goal is a measurable outcome that may contain one or more goals and be achieved within a specific time frame, depending on the individual. Studies point out that goals are cognitive principles that reflect the more profound nature of an individual. In turn, it can be determined that motivation must be met for a goal to progress and ultimately be achieved, thus representing a direct relationship between the two factors.

An important aspect of goal setting is determining whether those goals are conscious or not. Conscious goals are those where consumers know what they are achieving and the aspects of the environment that influence their decisions. On the other hand, an unconscious goal is rooted in personal beliefs, and values ​​often passed down from generation to generation and affect consumers’ lives, though perhaps without realizing it. Many studies have demonstrated that the consumption decisions of consumers are influenced by factors unknown to the individual. In addition, researchers have found that consumer-generated goals contain a mix of conscious and unconscious aspects.

Along with this theory, theorists have shown that an essential cognitive aspect encourages goal setting, which better demonstrates the direct relationship between motivation and goal setting and achievement. Commonwealth Bank is a clear example of a service that understands the concept of conscious and unconscious goals in consumers and the cognitive factors that motivate consumers. As stated earlier, Commonwealth Bank successfully addresses the motivational aspect of consumers by ensuring high-quality customer service that caters to all cultures, genders, and ages.

Understanding such broad demographics allows the service to identify unconscious aspects of consumer goals. These aspects include different beliefs, values, attitudes, and needs, all affecting consumers in one form or another. In addition, Commonwealth Bank strives to bring consumers the best resources and technology. This is evident in the Commonwealth Bank’s extensive IT base and the implementation of more innovative procurement. It is essential to provide consumers with conveniences such as Internet banking and ATMs, as consumers are now aware that the service is equipped with the best technology or resources needed to fulfill all the goals—their spending. Thus forcing consumers to continuously use this service instead of other services that may be available in a competitive market.

Studies have found that consumers often fail to act on their intentions or change their goals due to the external environment, causing goal conflicts. This is evident in products manufactured by Apple Electronics. Although many consumers have made the conscious goal of buying an Apple product, many still need to make this decision consciously but are forced into it due to an unconscious goal.

The Perceptual Process

The stages a client goes through before making a purchase are numerous. He needs to make a better decision while choosing a good or service, especially in the present day when he has access to a wide range of alternatives and is well aware of them. This kind of thinking is known as a perceptual process.

Need Recognition

The perceptual process begins when a client discerns a need or an issue. Rupa, for instance, could notice that her outdated desktop computer is not operating as smoothly as it once did. She also understands that a laptop will be more practical than a desktop because she can bring it to college whenever necessary. These are the kind of issues that clients commonly experience. They identify an issue when distinguishing between the current and desired states. Typically, when they encounter an issue, they attempt to resolve it.

Information Search

The client will likely look for more information to find a solution. Internal or external searches might be used to gather data. External search comprises information from relatives, peers, markets, and commercials, among other sources, whereas internal search includes information from the customer’s recollection or purchasing experiences. Think about the above case. Rupa may only pay more attention to a laptop’s product details. She starts paying more attention to laptop commercials, the computers her peers buy, and peer discussions about laptops. She may also look for knowledge more actively by going to stores, speaking with friends, or reading computer publications, among other things.

Customers may discover more about various brands that compete in the market and their features and traits by acquiring information. Rupa has access to numerous brands but will concentrate on only a handful of the most popular ones. They are called the market’s “awareness set” of brands. Several of these businesses would meet her first “consideration set” for purchases, which included factors like pricing and processing speed. Just a small number will continue to be Rupa’s “chosen set” of strong prospects as she does more information searches.

Evaluation of Alternatives Buying Decision

A consumer must choose two options in order to carry out her choice to make the buy: (1) the specific brand and (2) the particular retail location from which she desires to make the purchase. In reality, these selection judgments can be made in one of three ways −


Item First, Outlet Second

Outlet First, Item Second

Customers frequently choose between many stores and brands at the same time. Rupa may decide between many well-known brands (Lenovo, Sony, Hitachi, HP, Dell, Mac, Compac, Acer) and a few lesser-known ones, depending on the product’s technical capabilities (attributes), price, and brand availability at computer stores. She is also likely to choose exclusive brand retail stores or retailers like TATA Croma, which is in her area, to make her purchases. Rupa begins the transaction or buying after choosing the brand and outlet.

Post-Purchase Behaviour

Customers’ post-purchase behavior determines whether they will stay loyal to the marketer or defect (leave the business/company). Customers will stick with the same marketer if the items or services they have purchased match their expectations; otherwise, they will defect (leave the business/company). Purchase engagement and product involvement make up post-purchase behavior I

Purchase Involvement − There are many levels of purchase engagement. Rupa acquired the laptop after trying to learn more about the product’s characteristics. This is an example of a high purchase involvement process. The purchase of “diet cola,” a standard product and not very significant, would be a common buy involvement choice since the degree of worry and interest in the product is relatively low.

Product Involvement − Product engagement is a different sort of participation that affects how much information is handled. The client’s emphasis on a particular product is referred to as product involvement instead of the purchasing context (purchase involvement). When renting a car for critical foreign visitors traveling on business, one may have a low product involvement. However, there is a high buy involvement since the management wants to ensure they wow the visitors by renting a Mercedes Benz rather than the more typical Indigo or Innova. A high level of product participation al so improves how often the buyer searches for, evaluates, and reviews information after purchasing.

Importance of Consumer Goal Perception

Customer perception is essential for businesses or brands as it tells them what potential customers think of them. This is important because the brand or product will only improve sales if customers have a positive perception. Businesses must always know how customers feel about them to tailor their placement or offers to ensure their brand and identity are in sync.

In addition, it is essential because customer perception often lingers in the consumer’s mind for a long time and sometimes can be permanent. Initial customer perception should be positive as this will lead to future brand reach. A negative brand image affects overall customer perception affecting profitability. Customer perception can be improved by following the customer perception cycle, as shown below as a new checklist of what customers perceive and expect from the product/service provided by the organization.


The consumer journey to higher-level goals includes various customer journeys to lower-level goals. The consumer participates in behavioral and cognitive processes iteratively to adjust or maintain their living situation against the goal. Experience drives goal-directed behavior. Accordingly, negative experiences can contribute to the achievement of goals.

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