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School behavior problems often originate outside of the classroom. For example, asthma is the number one cause of absenteeism. When asthmatics are unable to sleep at night, they miss class or arrive at school so sleep drunk and irritable that disruptive behavior ensues, getting them tossed out of class. Consequently, they fall more behind in classwork, which increases academic struggle. More outbursts and further truancy results.
Poverty and race nitro-accelerate the cycle. Compared to only 1% of white children, 17% of black children suffer from asthma because low-income African-Americans are more likely to live in substandard, allergen-dense housing. Also, they have less access to preventative medicine. And that’s just one cause of classroom misbehavior.
Don’t blame asthmatic students, their parents, or their teachers. Blame a brutal ecosystem that is riddled with the following inequities:
“African American students have a 31% higher likelihood of being suspended than white students,” says criminal justice policy expert, Tony Fabelo, “even though no evidence supports the notion that African American students misbehave more.”
Minority youth receive fewer services and supports than their white peers.
“More black students with disabilities are suspended or expelled from school than are white or Hispanic students.”
Society pays a high price for these inequities. According to data revealed at a Columbia University Teachers College symposium on “The Social Costs of Inadequate Education,” dropouts die 9.2 years earlier than students who graduate high school and annually cost $4.5 billion in lost income taxes and earnings.
What can teachers do to reduce these inequities?
Take the Cultural Competence Test
Our perceptions and values might feel stable, but they’re actually influenced by social forces. For example, you might be surprised at how different ethnicities respond to this prompt:
“Suppose you are on a boat with your mother, your spouse, and your child. Suddenly, the boat begins to sink. You determine that you can only save one of the other passengers. Whom do you save?”
Of the U.S. citizens who answer the question, 60% decide to save their spouse and 40% save their children. In contrast, Asian populations assert that they would save their mothers nearly 100% of the time because you can spawn more kids and marry again, but you only get one mother. The point is that multiple cultures looking at the same problem often invent different solutions — solutions that individuals without cultural competence would label as “wrong.”
Cultural competence is the ability to successfully communicate and empathize with people from diverse cultures and incomes, skills needed to close the achievement gap, according to the National Education Association. Teachers, in particular, need to engage in on-going examinations of their attitudes about identity and cultures, and strive to minimize racial disparities.
To determine your cultural competence rank, complete the Cultural Proficiency Receptivity Scale.
Cultural Competence Begins With Relationship-Building
There is no way to memorize the social nuances of every subculture. So be curious. Ask questions of cultural brokers (individuals who can facilitate understanding between two cultures) and show students that you care. In their article, Classroom Management in Diverse Classrooms, authors Richard Milner IV and Blake Tenore interviewed a middle-school science teacher in a poor community:
To build rapport, talk directly to children outside of class, using their names. Also begin class by checking in — asking kids how they’re doing — even if the misbehavior of the previous class reached biblical proportions.
Culturally Responsive Classroom Management
Culturally Responsive Classroom Management (CRCM) seeks to provide “all students with equitable opportunities for learning” by minimizing discriminatory school discipline practices that occur when the behaviors of nondominant populations are misinterpreted. A white paper on the topic, produced by New York University’s Metropolitan Center for Urban Education, comprehensively explains the model. Meanwhile, here are some tips related to CRCM:
What positive classroom management techniques work in your classroom?
Monitor your discourse style. Indirect requests (“Would you like to let me finish reading the directions?”) can confuse some children who are used to receiving explicit directives from their working-class parents.
Clarify expectations. If you put students into groups, for example, explain and model the difference between “helping” and “doing the work for” a partner.
Be sensitive to how diverse cultures deal with conflict. Many citizens of Asian countries avoid open conflict, believing that differences are best worked out quietly. Written exchanges might be preferred over face-to-face conflict resolution.
Emphasize a positive environment, not punishment. A study from the Council of State Governments Justice Center reports that classroom rule breaking decreases when “welcome parties” and other inviting measures are enacted. Increasing punishment fails to change student behaviors.
Use humor. In their investigation of a disciplinary alternative school with students from nondominant racial backgrounds, Debra Pane, Lynne Miller, and Agela Salmon describe how one culinary teacher, “Mr. Jenkins,” earned students’ consent and trust through humor. “When students from other classrooms walked in without passes to buy food, Mr. Jenkins examined the bootleg pass, humorously sending them back to class – I’m supposed to do this, ain’t I?”
Although it is natural for teachers to want to bolster their authority in classrooms that have a rocky start, focus on building relationships. It can make all the difference.
What positive classroom management techniques work in your classroom?
You're reading Relationship Building Through Culturally Responsive Classroom Management
The world of education is buzzing with talk of being more culturally responsive, but what does that mean, and how important is it really?
When I talk about culture, I’m talking about norms, beliefs, and behaviors that are passed down from one generation to the next—the things that explain why a student might answer a question the way he does or why another might not feel comfortable looking you in the eye when you’re speaking to her. These aspects of culture are among the most misunderstood in the teacher-student dynamic and are often the things that cause students to get into the most trouble in the school discipline system. Culturally responsive teaching (CRT) attempts to bridge the gap between teacher and student by helping the teacher understand the cultural nuances that may cause a relationship to break down—which ultimately causes student achievement to break down as well.
In her book Culturally Responsive Teaching and the Brain, Zaretta Hammond writes that “by third grade, many culturally and linguistically diverse students are one or more years behind in reading.” CRT is one of the most impactful tools for empowering students to find their way out of that achievement gap. This alone makes being culturally responsive one of the most important things you can learn at this moment.
The first step in being culturally responsive is to do an internal audit—yes, you read that right, an audit: truly digging deep inside of ourselves and recognizing and naming those things we don’t want to look at or talk about. The experiences we’ve had along our journey in life have formed stereotypes which have then turned into implicit bias. These unintentional, unconscious attitudes impact how we relate to our students and their parents, and how we choose curriculum, assess learning, and plan lessons. Harvard University’s Project Implicit has an online test you can take to examine your implicit bias.
Culturally responsive teachers also have to be aware of the sociopolitical context schools operate in and dare to go against that status quo. Students need to understand the system that is working around them in schools. Give them context and don’t be afraid to talk about the tough subjects that may not be addressed in your school. In addition to Hammond’s Culturally Responsive Teaching and the Brain, another great resource is Affirming Diversity by Sonia Nieto. The most important part of this work is a willingness to do something different to get different results, with the goal of increasing academic achievement.
For your audit, take some time to ask yourself hard questions and reflect on past and current practices. Are you operating from a place of critical care within your classroom—a place that marries high expectations with empathy and compassion? Are your students, regardless of socioeconomic status or background, being held to high standards? Has your past interaction with a particular race of people impacted your ability to communicate with parents? Identify those places in your instructional planning where you might have allowed your implicit biases to prevent you from pushing your students to achieve at optimal levels. Answering questions like these might be hard, but in order to create change, you have to identify and unearth the roots of your teaching practice.
Now that you have conducted an internal self-audit, your curriculum will need one as well. What books are students reading? Do they have a voice in what they read, where they sit, how they interact with each other?
Empowering students to take ownership of not just their learning but the environment itself is another critical component of CRT. One strategy for fostering a student-centered environment is having students create a classroom agreement that answers the question: “How will we be together?” Allowing students to answer this question will give you a window into how their cultures dictate the ways in which they want to feel respected, heard, safe, and included in the classroom and in their interactions with one another and with you. This reinforces the idea not only that they belong but that the way they show up at school every day, with all of their outside experiences in tow, has value.
Finally, put some thought into your lesson planning. You have taken the time to reflect and really look into your own biases that may have been getting in your way. You have revamped your classroom environment to reflect your students’ voices, their various cultural needs, and their choice. Now let’s have some fun. For example:
Encourage students to make a social media campaign that champions their favorite cause, and have them bring evidence of their results to class to discuss the role social media plays in social change.
Use current songs that students might love to analyze the use of literary techniques and imagery in music videos. Taylor Swift’s “Wildest Dreams” is a great one. Better yet, instead of assigning a song, ask students for their suggestions.
Watch and discuss documentaries like Race: The Power of an Illusion.
Zaretta Hammond shared three simple strategies you can use to make lessons in any subject more culturally responsive.
Our students need us now more than ever, and we have to roll up our sleeves and do what we must to close the achievement gap. Culturally responsive teaching is one step in the right direction. The outcome is a student body that loves learning, excels academically, and has teachers who respond to their needs.
Being culturally responsive encourages students to feel a sense of belonging and helps create a safe space where they feel safe, respected, heard, and challenged.
We’ve been very impressed with the collaborative movement that’s happening on Twitter, where you can find a weekly open forum discussion called #edchat . Each week, educators from around the world debate, ruminate, and brainstorm on the top issues of the day.
Shelly is a technology teacher trainer and social-media consultant from Stuttgart, Germany. On Twitter, she’s known as @ShellTerrell and is an #edchat coordinator. One of this week’s topics was classroom management, a lively discussion with a lot of insights and ideas. Here’s Shelly’s take.
We’d like to bring a bit of these discussions to you. Every Thursday, you’ll hear from a guest blogger from #edchat — and if you’d like to join in on the #edchat fun, here’s a post from our first guest blogger, Shelly Terrell, on how to to get involved.
–Betty Ray, Community Manager (@EdutopiaBetty) and Elana Leoni, Online Membership Coordinator (@elanaleoni)
During Tuesday’s #edchat (January 5), educators discussed what works and doesn’t work when managing student conduct in the classroom. I remember feeling nervous when my principal observed my classes. My students and I would try to model the ideal class.
The students were silent, sat straight in old wooden desks too small for them, and raised their hands while I lectured. Every other day, students scattered all over the room, working in groups on their various projects. Some shared our one computer. Other groups stood by the whiteboard, brainstorming ideas. Some students worked silently at their desks. I walked around the room and facilitated.
This is not the ideal way of teaching for most, but my English-language learners’ high test scores and incredible achievements motivated me to continue teaching this way.
After #edchat, I was anxious to read my colleagues’ thoughts. Many of them did not believe the best way to manage students is to keep them busy and silent. Here were a few of the ideas shared:
@Readtoday: There is no such thing as an “I don’t care student” — only an “I don’t know what you are interested in” teacher.
@Andycinek: An active/engaged student is always well behaved.
@NicolRHoward: Are silent classes really better managed, or are they “controlled” better? Classroom management requires balance and student engagement.
@Elanaleoni: Mixing up your teaching styles is a good way to keep students involved.
@Evab200l: Sometimes I prefer the noisy ones; a lot of good work is produced then.
@Msmithpds: Then why do we expect children to sit still all day and expect proper behavior with 100 percent attention?
@Bedellj: Setting up stations might be helpful. A computer would be one of several activities.
@Awksome: Completely agree. Not championing lecture style. I’m not really a fan. It certainly has a time and a place, though.
@Hoprea: Some noise is our friend, and it’s very necessary. But noise is different from talk and discussions, in my view.
@Doctorjeff: Class management needs to reflect the human experience of learning. Learning is a joy!! A classroom needs to be joyful.
@Parentella: A joyful experience to me would be one where the students are engaged and discussing the subject they are interested in.
@Morsemusings: Teach children how to manage conflict.
I am excited other educators have redefined what a well-managed classroom looks like. Perhaps it is not a bunch of silent students busy with textbook work? Perhaps it is one where students share ideas, test them in various ways, and collaborate with their peers?
Perhaps it is one where students are engaged and so excited about the material they are speaking to each other or helping each other with projects? Perhaps it is a teacher walking, around helping students draw conclusions? What do you think?
Check out the rest of the #edchat transcript here. If you have never participated in an #edchat conversation, please join us on Twitter every Tuesday at 12 p.m. EST/6 p.m. CET or at 7 p.m. EST/1 a.m. CET.
Shelly Sanchez Terrell is a technology teacher trainer and social-media consultant for language institutes, schools, and educational organizations worldwide. She focuses on providing professional development for developing countries and teachers English in Germany to students of various ages.
She also is the director of educator outreach for Parentella. Explore her Teacher Reboot Camp blog for tips on professional development and integrating technology effectively into the classroom. She can be reached via Twitter: @shellterrell.
What is Construction Management?
In simple words, construction management is the supervision of all aspects of construction projects. Site managers organize and manage budgets, set and adhere to schedules, oversee site security, and ensure that all tasks are completed on time. Construction managers interact with many people, including contractors, builders, architects, vendors, and clients. You will ensure projects are completed safely, on time, on budget and to client specifications.
Construction management involves Barns, Equipment water supply, etc. Residential Construction includes houses, apartments, low-rising housing, etc.What is Project Management?
Project management defines undertaking control as “using unique knowledge, skills, tools, and strategies to supply something of price to people.” In easy terms, undertaking control approaches the manner of a group to hit desires or whole deliverables inside a fixed timeframe. Project management includes undertaking documentation, making plans, tracking, and communication—all with the aim of handing over work efficiently in the constraints of time, scope, and budget.
Project management involves the planning and business enterprise of a company’s assets to move a particular task, event, or responsibility closer to completion. It can involve a one-time undertaking or an ongoing activity, and assets controlled consist of personnel, finances, technology, and intellectual property.
Project management is often related with fields in engineering and production and, more recently, healthcare and information technology (IT), which usually have a complicated set of additives that need to be finished and assembled in a fixed style to create a functioning product.
Some examples of project management are
Delegating tasks to different team members
Monitoring and controlling processes
Use the PERT process to determine the time required to complete a project.Difference between Construction Management and Project Management
Project managers and construction managers are vital in making sure that creation tasks run easily from preliminary making plans to a successful completion. While each job has many similarities, there also are a few wonderful variations among project management vs. construction management.
Construction managers and project managers oversee diverse components of creation tasks. Large creation tasks frequently make use of each task manager and creation manager, even as smaller tasks may also have both the task supervisor or creation supervisor overseeing the whole operation. The predominant distinction among task control vs. creation control is the unique obligations that every function needs to complete.
Basic differences between Project Management and Construction Management are as listed below in the table.
Project Management Construction Management
Project management mainly focuses on managing project work. Construction Management mainly focuses on managing construction work.
Project management has more responsibilities than construction managers. Construction managers have less responsibility than project managers
Project managers must also pay attention to the food chain in the organization. Construction managers only look after the construction work within the organization.
project managers must also take care of allocating land, managing staff, assigning tasks, hiring site managers, and more. The construction department deals only with construction works, including equipment, materials, tools, etc.
It is the project manager’s responsibility to provide the tools, resources, and support necessary for the construction manager to complete the project. Construction Management responsibility for planning is to use these tools and resources efficiently and productively to complete the planning work.
The work of a project manager is no more difficult than the job of a webmaster. The work of construction management is more difficult and extensive than the work of a project manager.
Other responsibilities include design and construction oversight, budget management, project schedule monitoring, and more. Other responsibilities include cost management, document control, inspections, change management, and more.
Project managers work in various fields such as real estate, computer-aided design, etc. Construction management are only required where construction work is being carried out.Conclusion
Construction management is the procedure of handling construction projects. When evaluating construction project management for different kinds of projects, the primary difference is that construction is mission-based. That means that the project’s organization ends with the completion of the project build.
Trading cryptocurrency is similar to gambling. However, there is also a skill component. Top traders evaluate the risk-reward ratio and the harness techniques that have been learned to increase their profits. Trading cryptocurrency is a lot like playing poker, but with a little more skill and luck.
As the bear market for cryptocurrency continues to drag on, people who have made a lot of money with cryptocurrency are now looking to diversify. They may not be able to use the skills they acquired trading cryptocurrency as an expert in gambling. They do have the skills to cross over.
People have also played poker, and have also used cryptocurrencies. Because there is so much money to be made or lost, the adrenaline rush is common in these industries.
You can play cryptocurrency poker and win the same cryptocurrency if you’re successful. However, it is important to manage the regulatory issues surrounding crypto and the strict regulations, even though it can be tricky.The Impact of Bitcoin Poker Online
The acceptance of cryptocurrency in the online poker industry can be traced back to in 2011 Black Friday when the US Department of Justice indicted 3 key figures in online poker. After major payment processors such as Neteller started leaving online gambling, major sites were shut down. The same thing happened to banks, who began refusing to accept deposits. Gamblers were unable to send or receive money.
A group of professionals began looking for an alternative financial tool, one that would allow players to connect directly with poker sites. The most viable option was cryptocurrency. Poker rooms were created to eliminate middlemen such as banks and accept cryptocurrency.
Bitcoin was difficult to acquire and a foreign concept until then. Either people would need to trade cash for the cryptocurrency, or they would have the opportunity to mine it. As time went on, online casinos and poker sites embraced this easier method of payment.Why do Poker Sites Love Cryptocurrency so Much?
You may have noticed that Bitcoin is not the only cryptocurrency on the market. Others include Ethereum, Litecoin, and others. Many cryptocurrencies are accepted by poker sites.
There are many reasons why cryptocurrency poker sites are so popular. Let’s look at some of the reasons.Nobody controls cryptocurrency
One of the main reasons that gambling sites have moved to cryptocurrency is that there are no restrictions on payments. The government banned gambling businesses from operating within the states where online gambling was illegal after the Black Friday events. Banks complied with law firms, and many transactions involving offshore gambling were rejected. However, the government cannot influence cryptocurrency as much as it can banks and financial institutions. Customers can withdraw and deposit cryptocurrency without interference.Lower Fees
It is clear that cryptocurrency is a hot trend. They are attracting interest from people all over the world. Many people have begun to use this currency. Many new online poker sites are using cryptocurrency provisions to attract the curious crowd.Future of Cryptocurrency and Online Poker
Online poker sites are likely to continue using cryptocurrency. You should be aware of several key aspects that will impact cryptocurrency’s future.
Top 10 Programming Languages for Kids to learnRegulations of the Government
Government regulations can be used to identify scams and regulate the cryptocurrency industry. This can help make crypto and poker more productive. This can encourage poker websites to accept cryptocurrency for financing.Transaction Speed and Cost
The future of cryptocurrency is uncertain. The decentralized currency will continue to exist as long as there are unregulated markets. It is not as popular in those areas where online gambling has been legalized. These countries will allow people to gamble without restrictions using other financial instruments.
It can be a huge challenge to keep up with all the apps out there for your English language arts students, but there are many Chrome apps for the classroom that can help ease your burden and help to engage and teach students reading and writing. Here are nine that will help your students meet standards and give you the tools you need to assess them.
Grades: PK–3; Cost: Free
Once students are ready to read, this app can help them practice common sight words. With pronunciation recordings to accompany each flash card, students get the help they need to learn these commonly used words and build early reading fluency.
Grades: PK–3; Cost: Free
iStorybooks offers a collection of picture books with audio that will help young students build fluency and comprehension. With both fiction and nonfiction texts available, students will get the practice they need to tackle their online reading tests.
Grades: K–9; Cost: Free
This tool allows students to create storybooks complete with illustrations. Because it’s flexible across elementary and middle school, Storybird can actually be used to encourage writing in any subject, which will help students fulfill the Common Core requirements to write across content areas. Storybird also offers fundraising opportunities for participating schools.
Fluency Tutor for Google
Grades: K–4, struggling and ESL readers in higher grades; Cost: Free version, premium upgrade for $99/year
Fluency Tutor provides students with practice reading predefined or teacher-created texts, easing the burden on teachers who need to provide extra help to students. This tool’s easy, user-friendly interface allows students to practice both in and out of class to build their literacy skills.
Grades: K–8; Cost: Free version that includes nouns only, $49 premium version
Looking for a tool that gets students interested in learning proper grammar? Grammaropolis uses stories and characters to teach about parts of speech, proper usage and other important grammar fundamentals. It’s aligned with standards and provides interactive assessments that help you keep your students on track.
Grades: 3–12; Cost: $9.95/month and up
Engage visual learners and enhance visual storytelling with Storyboard That. This tool will help students plan out stories and revise time lines like professional writers and visual artists do. This tool can help students with artistic skills develop their skills in storyboarding and storytelling and enhance their employment prospects after graduation.
Seesaw: The Learning Journal
Grades: K–12; Cost: Free
This digital portfolio tool allows teachers and students to capture learning artifacts and show growth. Because Seesaw is easily integrated into Google tools, students can continue their portfolios throughout their educational careers.
SAS Curriculum Pathways: Writing Navigator
Grades: 6–12; Cost: Free
This free tool guides students through the writing process, from research and outlining to publishing using the proper formatting for citations. It includes the Planner, Drafter, Reviser and Publisher tools.
Grades: K–college; Cost: Free
Although this tool offers vocabulary training for all grade levels, it can be a particularly valuable tool for helping high school students prepare for college entrance exams and college students prepare for graduate school placement exams.
With affordable and easy-to-manage Chromebooks allowing many school districts to scale up their one-to-one computing programs, apps are becoming an increasingly big part of language arts curriculum. Help students get excited about learning reading and writing skills with these Chrome apps for the classroom.
Looking for more ways to incorporate technology in the classroom? Learn more here.
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