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Smartphones, tablets, and other mobile devices have dramatically changed the way we access and browse the web.

The latest numbers from Statcounter show that the percentage of web browsing activity on mobile devices exceeds desktop by a margin that keeps growing.

Mobile holds 54.25% of web browsing market share as of March 2023, while desktop holds 42.9% market share.

This doesn’t mean that desktop computers and their traditional keyboard and mouse setup are now obsolete, though – far from it, in fact.

The desktop-based web experience is very much alive and is most ideal for heavy browsing and researching.

Not to mention, it continues to be the de facto platform for getting serious work done even as high-end mobile phones and tablets now pack as much power under the hood as desktop computers.

And when it comes to desktop-based Internet browsers, Google Chrome is the most popular browser by a mile, commanding a market share of 64%.

By comparison, the next most popular browser, Safari, accounts for just 19% of the market.

Here’s a list of the most useful Chrome shortcuts that will boost your productivity when browsing the Internet and help you maximize your Google Chrome experience.

1. Go Incognito Mode

On Windows: Ctrl + Shift + N

On Mac: ⌘ + Shift + N

Incognito Mode is for when you want to browse privately. You don’t want other people using the computer to see your browsing history – think family computers or shared workstations.

This mode blocks Chrome from saving cookies, temporary Internet files that contain your IP address, login details, and other browsing information.

One scenario where Incognito Mode is useful is when you want to get around paywalls on sites such as the Wall Street Journal, Harvard Business Review, and the New York Times – sites that have a limit to how many articles you can read ina. given period of time.

2. Open Last Closed Tab

On Windows: Ctrl + Shift + T

On Mac: ⌘ + Shift + T

This shortcut may get the most mileage for you on this list.

This shortcut basically lets you open the last browser tab you closed. It’s great for when you’ve accidentally closed a tab or  want to go through the last series of tabs you closed.

You can perform this function until the first tab you closed since running Chrome.

NOTE: This feature does not work in Incognito Mode, so take care when closing tabs in that mode.

3. Close the Active Tab Right Away

On Windows: Ctrl + W

On Mac: ⌘ + W

This Chrome shortcut instantly closes the tab that’s current open (i.e., the one you’re currently seeing on your screen).

And remember, if you close a tab by accident, you can always press Ctrl + Shift + T to bring it back.

4. Jump Between Next & Previous Tabs

On Windows: Ctrl + PgDn (Next open tab) or Ctrl + PgUp (Previous open tab)

On Mac: ⌘ + Option + Right arrow (Next open tab) and ⌘ + Option + Left arrow (Previous open tab)

Does the image above look familiar?

Instead, you can simply move to the next and previous open tab by holding Ctrl + PgDn or Ctrl + PgUp.

5. Minimize the Active Window

On Windows: Ctrl + M

On Mac: ⌘ + M

If, for some reason, you open multiple windows instead of tabs, you can minimize open windows right away by pressing Ctrl + M.

This is useful if you have stacks of browser windows on top of the other.

On Windows: Ctrl + J

On Mac: ⌘ + Option + L

Need to see what files you downloaded using Chrome?

This shortcut brings up your download window and lets you access downloaded files through the browser rather than look for it using File Explorer on Windows or Finder on Mac.

7. Open Bookmarks Manager

On Windows: Ctrl + B

On Mac: ⌘ + Option + B

8. Snap Your Cursor to the Search Bar

On Windows: Ctrl + L

On Mac: ⌘ + L

Instead of having to take your hands away from the keyboard to move the cursor to the search bar, use this shortcut to instantly bring your cursor to the search bar to Google something or type in a URL.

9. Clear Browsing Data

On Windows: Ctrl + Shift + Delete

On Mac: ⌘ + Shift + Delete

As mentioned earlier, one of the downsides of using Incognito Mode is that you can’t bring back tabs you closed by accident because Chrome doesn’t store your browsing history.

If you’re concerned about privacy when using a loaner machine, a shared computer, or a machine at an Internet café/library, you can use this shortcut to bring up the “Clear Browsing Data” page, where you can then clear your data manually.

Another thing worth noting about Incognito Mode is to make sure you’re aware of what it does and doesn’t do.

Google is facing a $5 billion lawsuit in the United States for allegedly misleading users with respect to the functionality of Incognito Mode.

There are Google Chrome users who believe Incognito Mode offers absolute privacy, similar to what’s offered through a VPN.

However, it was never designed to do that, and Google has never made any claims that it does.

Incognito Mode simply hides web browsing activity locally. If you’re using a shared computer, then going incognito will prevent other people who use that computer from seeing your web browsing activity and search history.

Use These Google Chrome Shortcuts & Start Being Productive

Your workflow is disrupted every time you have to take one hand off the keyboard to reach for the mouse.

One of the reasons Chrome is such a powerful browser is the myriad shortcuts that allow you to take full control of your browser without having to take your hands off the keyboard.

These shortcuts allow writers to seamlessly switch between tabs to conduct research, without interrupting the flow of their writing in the WordPress editor.

Google Chrome Shortcuts can be used to assist developers to go back and forth between multiple tabs of GitHub resources while working on a project in a browser-based code editor. And so on.

Practice using these shortcuts to elevate your browsing game and be productive when browsing the Internet.

There’s no need to commit all these shortcuts to memory at once. Get comfortable with using at least one or two new ones and gradually add more as time goes on. Bookmark this page so you can come back to it later.

If you need a shortcut not found on this list, check out the Google Chrome Shortcuts page.

More Resources:

Image Credits

Screenshots taken by author, June 2023 and May 2023

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96 Most Useful Gimp Keyboard Shortcuts

Do you ever wish your editing process was faster or more efficient? If so, then familiarizing yourself with some of the basic GIMP keyboard shortcuts will help you save time and make your workflow smoother.

From adjusting layers and image transformations to navigating menus and executing commands, GIMP’s shortcut selection gives users plenty of options for speeding up their editing tasks. In this blog post, we’ll explore the most useful shortcuts available in GIMP, along with tips on how best to use them.

Table of Contents

GIMP Tool Keyboard Shortcuts

GIMP tools are similar to the ones in Photoshop.

In fact, if you ever worked in any image editing app, you’ll easily recognize most of them. They’ll help you select, and interact with the image and its elements.

Action Windows & Linux macOS Move Tool

M M Rectangle selection tool

R R Ellipse selection tool

E E Free select tool

F F Scissors select tool

I I Fuzzy select tool

U U Eraser tool

Shift + E Shift + E Select by Color

Shift + O Shift + O Crop tool

Shift + C Shift + C Bucket fill

Shift + B Shift + B Gradient

G G Paintbrush

P P Pencil

N N Airbrush

A A Ink

K K MyPaint Brush

Y Y Clone

C C Heal

H H Paths

B B Smudge

S S Text

T T Color Picker


Note: some of the tools are grouped, so you won’t see them all in the tool menu. For example, Pencil, Airbrush, Ink, and MyPainBrush are grouped under Paintbrush. The same goes for the Ellipse selection tool; you can find it grouped with the Rectangular selection tool.

GIMP Additional Selection Keyboard Shortcuts

Shortcuts listed here will help you select in unique ways, as well as interact with different selections. We chose the most common actions, and they’re self-explanatory.

Action Windows & Linux macOS Select All CTRL + A Command + A Toggle selections CTRL + T Command + T Deselect all Shift + CTRL + A Shift + Command + A Invert selection CTRL + I Command + I Float selection Shift + CTRL + L Shift + Command + L Select from Path Shift + V Shift + V

GIMP Editing Keyboard Shortcuts

When it comes to editing your document or file, use these keyboard shortcuts to make your workflow faster.

Action Windows & Linux macOS Crop and Resize Shift + C Shift + C Rotate Shift + R Shift + R Scale Shift + T Shift + T Shear Shift + S Shift + S Perspective Shift + P Shift + P Flip Shift + F Shift + F Blend L L Dodge or Burn Shift + D Shift + D Swap Colors X X Default Colors D D Undo previous action CTRL + Z Command + Z Redo last action CTRL + Y Command + Y Copy CTRL + C Command + C Cut CTRL + X Command + X Paste CTRL + V Command + V Paste in place CTRL + Alt + V Command + Option + V Increase Brush Size ] ] Decrease Brush Size [ [ Show or Hide Selection CTRL + T Command + T

Note: The Paste in Place action allows you to paste the content of your clipboard into a new file, in the exact same location where it was positioned in the original file.

GIMP File Keyboard Shortcuts

The keyboard shortcuts listed in this section will help you open and interact with different files and images in GIMP.

Action Windows & Linux macOS Open new file CTRL + N Command + N Open Image CTRL + O Command + O Open Image as new layer CTRL + Alt + O Command+ Option + O Open recent image 01 CTRL + 1 Command + 1 Open recent image 02 CTRL + 2 Command + 2 Open recent image 03 CTRL + 3 Command + 3 Create a new image from clipboard Shift + CTRL + V Shift + Command + V Save with a new name Shift + CTRL + S Shift + Command + S Close All Files Shift + CTRL + W Shift + Command + W Quit GIMP CTRL + Q Command + Q

GIMP View and Action Keyboard Shortcuts

The keyboard shortcuts listed here will help you interact with GIMP. Browse its menus easily, toggle guides, or rulers, and fill the background with a color.

Action Windows & Linux macOS Main Menu F10 F10 Drop-down menu Shift + F10 Shift + F10 Full Screen F11 F11 Toggle quickmask Shift + Q Shift + Q Close document window CTRL + W Command + W Shrink wrap CTRL + E Command + E Fit image in the document window Shift + CTRL + E Shift + Command + E Toggle rulers Shift + CTRL + R Shift + Command + R Toggle guides Shift + CTRL + T Shift + Command + T Clear selection CTRL + K Command + K Fill with Foreground Color CTRL + , Command + , Fill with background color CTRL + . Command + . Fill with pattern CTRL + : Command + :

GIMP Dialogs Keyboard Shortcuts

These shortcuts will allow you to manipulate Dialogs in GIMP. Dialogs are moving windows that contain tool options or are dedicated to a specific task. Open the dialogs to see and manipulate all their options without effort.

Action Windows & Linux macOS Layers CTRL + L Command + L Brushes Shift + CTRL + B Shift + Command + B Patterns Shift + CTRL + P Shift + Command + P Tool Options Shift + CTRL + T Shift + Command + T Palettes CTRL + P Command + P Info Shift + CTRL + I Shift + Command + I Navigation Shift + CTRL + N Shift + Command + N Close the current window Alt + F4 Option + F4 Go to next widget Tab Tab Go to previous widget Shift + Tab Shift + Tab Set new value Enter Option Activate current button on the list Space bar Space bar Toggle between tabs CTRL + Alt + Page up Command + Option + Page up Open location Shift + L Shift + L Down folder Alt + Down arrow Option + Down arrow Up folder Alt + Up arrow Option + Up arrow Home folder Alt + Home key Option + Home key Close current dialog Esc Esc

GIMP Layers Keyboard Shortcuts

Manipulating layers is crucial for any image editing tool. Doing it fast means you’ll be done with your task in no time. What better way to quickly achieve the desired action than to use keyboard shortcuts? Use the shortcuts listed in this table to manipulate layers easily and quickly.

Action Windows & Linux macOS New layer Shift + CTRL + N Shift + Command + N Duplicate selected layer Shift + CTRL + D Shift + Command + D Anchor layer CTRL + H Command + H Select the layer above Page up Page up Select the layer below Page down Page down Select the first layer Home key Home key Select the last layer End key End key Merge all visible layers CTRL + M Command + M

How to Access the Full List of GIMP Keyboard Shortcuts

This article lists only the most common and useful keyboard shortcuts for GIMP. But every GIMP user has their preferred and unique list of shortcuts and in time you’ll create one too. You’ll add to these lists the tools and functions you use the most, or perhaps subtract the shortcuts you don’t use so often. Here’s how you can find the complete list of shortcuts within the GIMP application.



on your PC or Mac.

Go to the


menu (or the GIMP Application menu on Mac).


Keyboard Shortcuts


GIMP will display a whole list of different commands and shortcuts for you to enable. You can also create customized shortcuts in this window.

How to Create Customized Keyboard Shortcuts

Not all GIMP commands have dedicated keyboard shortcuts. After all, there are thousands of commands, and it is up to you to select the most useful ones and assign shortcuts if they don’t have them already. Here’s how you can do it in GIMP:



on a PC or Mac.

Go to the


menu (or the GIMP Application menu on Mac).


Keyboard Shortcuts


Use the search field to find the command you are looking for.

If no shortcut is assigned to that particular command, it’ll say


next to it.

Press the desired keyboard shortcut to assign it to this command. Press


to delete your shortcut if you made a mistake or changed your mind.

If the keyboard shortcut you chose is already assigned to another command, GIMP will display a pop-up window asking you to confirm you want to overwrite the shortcut.


Reassign Shortcut

to confirm.

GIMP keyboard shortcuts are an incredibly useful tool when it comes to editing images. With just a few keystrokes, you can create stunning artwork in no time at all. Whether you’re a professional photographer or just getting started with GIMP, these shortcuts can make your workflow much smoother and more efficient.

6 Useful Tricks To Get The Most Out Of Google Photos

It may seem like Google Photos has been around for quite some time, but it’s only been with us since May of 2023. in those few years that it’s been around, it’s one of the most used Google services. It allows you to do all sorts of things with your images and it also sends you stylized photos from time to time.

With Google Photos you can do things such as create movies, collages, animation GIFs, and even back up your pictures/videos so you can erase them from your device. This last option really comes in handy when you’re continually struggling to save storage space.

1. Save Mobile Data When Backing Up Photos

Google Photos has a setting that allows you to back up your photos by using your mobile data. If you take a lot of pictures and notice that peaks your mobile data usage, it could be because you have this feature enabled.

2. Filter Images by a Person’s Face

If you want to skip these steps and only type the person’s name, adding a name to a face is helpful. Once you name that face, you’ll only have the person’s name in the search bar to see pictures that person is in.

3. Create Animation GIFs with Your Photos

Now you have a reason to keep all those images that are similar but are not identical. By using those pictures, you can create a fun animation GIF by following a few simple steps. Tap on the Assistant tab, followed by the purple Animation option on top.

Select anywhere between two and 50 pictures, followed by the Create option at the top-right. You’ll see a message letting you know that Google Photos is creating your animation and should get your animation within a few seconds.

4. Erase Pictures that Are Already Backed Up

If you like taking pictures, then storage can be a massive problem for you. That’s why Google Photos has an option that erases all the images that have already been backed up from your device. That way, you have more storage space for new pictures.

You can do this by going to Settings and selecting “Free up device storage.” Google Photos will show you how much space it can free up. To erase already backed up images, press the blue button that says “Free Up.”

5. Creating Collages

Creating collages is easy. Tap on the Assistant tab, followed by the “Collage” option. Choose how many pictures you want to include and select the “Create” option. The collage will only take a few seconds to generate.

6. Creating Theme-Based Movies

Creating a movie may sound difficult, but it’s really not because Google Photos can create a movie depending on the theme you choose. For example, you can choose from themes such as They Grow Up So Fast, Meow Movie, Doggie Movie, In Loving Memory, Selfie Movie, Smiles, Mother’s Day Movie, Father’s Day Movie, Valentine’s Day Movie, and Love Story.

To create a movie of your own, tap on the “New Movie” option. Select up to fifty pictures or videos, and tap on the “Create” option. You’ll see a preview of your movie with an option to make changes to the movie. For example, by sliding the bar more to the left or right, you can decide how long you want the image to be shown.

If the video is too short, and you want to add more pictures or videos, tap on the “Add photos and videos” option at the bottom and select the images you want to add. Below the music icon you’ll also see three dots with options to change the order that image appears in, insert a clip, duplicate that image so that it appears in the movie again, or to remove it.

Speaking of the music icon, by tapping on it you can change your video’s music. You’ll see options to either have no music, add your own music, or add theme music such as Dramatic, Electronic, Reflective, Rockin’, and Upbeat.


Fabio Buckell

Just a simple guy that can’t enough of Technology in general and is always surrounded by at least one Android and iOS device. I’m a Pizza addict as well.

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Jaguar Made The Most Beautiful Electric Car I’Ve Ever Seen

Jaguar made the most beautiful electric car I’ve ever seen

Jaguar just made the most beautiful electric car in the world, and it only had to cheat a little to do so. The Jaguar E-Type Zero may look like it’s right out of the sixties, but that’s for good reason: it’s an EV wearing the body of a classic. I’ve been spending some time up-close with it in London, England, at Jaguar Land Rover’s inaugural Tech Fest event, and it’s not hard to fall in love.

What makes the E-Type Zero so successful, in my opinion, is how smoothly Jaguar has integrated the new with the old. From the outside, with the car standing still, you’d have to look closely to see any sign that this isn’t an original car. Jaguar changed out the headlamps, putting in more efficient LED units to replace the old bulbs, but all the badging is unchanged.

That’s no bad thing. The E-Type is widely recognized as one of the most – if not the most – beautiful cars ever made. Its a vehicle that couldn’t be made new today, for a long list of safety and regulatory reasons. It’s smaller in person than you might expect, the elongated proportions of its hood contrasting starkly from the tiny nook that is the cabin.

It’s there where the most noticeable changes are found. The wood-rimmed steering wheel remains, but it sits in front of fully digital instrumentation, a UI modeled on that of the original E-Type but including the information you’d need to monitor an electric powertrain too.

In the center console, there’s the rotary controller from modern Jaguars, a little incongruous alongside the slender chromed stem of the original parking brake handle. A bank of toggle switches is reminiscent of the controls found in the E-Type’s modern-day equivalent, the Jaguar F-TYPE. It’s underneath a touchscreen which gives access to the thoroughly modern infotainment system.

The genius is not so much the drivetrain, clever as that is, but how cleanly the E-Type embraces zero-emissions but, conversely, how cleanly it can re-embrace its old, six-cylinder gasoline engine. It’s been designed so that, at a later point, should the owner so decide, the original drivetrain can be replaced.

Jaguar made a few key decisions that helps enable that. For a start, it artificially limited the power of the electric system to 220 kW, even though it could’ve given the E-Type Zero more grunt. By keeping it closer to the power of the original car, though, Jaguar’s engineers could keep the original brakes and suspension, too.

Sadly the automaker won’t let me drive the car myself. According to those who have, though, the experience is much the same as you’d expect from behind the wheel of a gasoline E-Type. The noise is different, of course – Jaguar hasn’t put an artificial engine sound in there, so there’s just the vague whine of the electric motors – but the rest is apparently surprisingly similar to the donor car as it was before.

The big question I had was whether Jaguar planned to make any more. Like many of Jaguar Land Rover Classic’s more interesting projects, the car came about because one well-heeled owner specifically asked for it. Now, the automaker says that it’ll gage the feedback from other E-Type owners to see whether it can offer the EV upgrade more broadly. Should that happen, it’s unlikely to be cheap.

Update: I’ve been talking with some of the Jaguar team responsible for the E-Type Zero, and there’s even more positive news if you’re hoping to get your hands on the car. While this proof-of-concept – intended, I’m told, to convince skeptics on the automaker’s board as much as everyone else – was based on an original E-Type, the goal is to offer a Zero version of the E-Type Reborn, Jaguar’s near bolt-for-bolt recreated version of the classic car.

That currently costs the equivalent of around $390,000. What an E-Type Reborn Zero might come in at isn’t clear at this stage, though the fact that the electric drive is designed to be a straight swap with the gasoline powertrain hints, I’m told, that it wouldn’t necessarily be a huge premium. Before that happens, of course, the project needs to get the green-light to go ahead. Jaguar won’t say exactly what metric that will be judged upon, and will hinge significantly on how “VIP” customers react.

I suspect they’ll be swayed, particularly when they see the real-world benefits of the Zero powertrain. While Jaguar has been quoting the 5.5 second 0-62 mph time, that’s apparently a conservative number; more impressive is that 0-100 mph takes around 10 seconds, versus the original E-Type’s roughly 16 seconds.

As for the eye-catching dashboard, which has been upgraded to ditch the analog dials in favor of a couple of large LCD screens, Jaguar says that’s also envisaged as an option. The vision is a more traditional interface, arguably more in keeping with the original car’s aesthetic. One of the benefits of the Reborn program is that Jaguar’s clients have a sizable input into exactly what their new-classic looks like and comes equipped with. They’d also have the option to switch to a gasoline-based system later on, if they so wished.

You may not have the budget – or donor car – for an E-Type Zero, but there’s the possibility that Jaguar’s EV system could be far more broadly applied. Though this particular project only started in April 2023, the powertrain could theoretically be installed in any Jaguar which used the XK engine. That means the XK120, Mark 1 and Mark 2, XJ6, and even Daimler limousines.

Our Guide To All The Phone Accessories You’Ll Ever Need

Lily Katz / Android Authority

Our smartphones are an increasingly essential part of our day-to-day. These devices fit in our pockets but have taken the place of so many other gadgets and products. From calculators to cameras and everything in between, we can almost do it all on our phones. Nothing’s perfect, though, but luckily, the ever-growing phone accessories industry makes up for any shortcomings.

Your new phone doesn’t have a headphone jack? There are a lot of excellent wireless options to choose from. Want to make sure that the beautifully designed device doesn’t get damaged? A case or screen protector is useful. Are you worried about the phone battery dying in the middle of your trip? A power bank is a must-have. In this buyer’s guide, we look at the best phone accessories, from the necessary to the niche you can get!

The essential accessories Android Authority recommends

As you go further down this page, you’ll see many types of phone accessories available. While all of them help enhance your smartphone experience, not every add-on is necessary. There are a few accessories that we think are essential, though.

One accessory that is a must-have for most users is a protective case or cover. Phones nowadays come with beautiful designs, glass builds, and large displays, and it sucks to have to cover it up. But the only way to make sure that the device stays in good condition is with a case. Unfortunate accidents can happen even if you are careful, and a shattered screen or glass back can be expensive to repair.

Next on the list is a power bank. Most phones give you at least a day of battery life with average use, but “average” is the keyword there. Your phone battery will drain quickly if you use the camera a lot, play a lot of games, use the phone for GPS navigation all day, or do any other battery-intensive activities. A good portable power bank will ensure that you never have to worry about a dying phone battery ever again.

Another accessory that will be essential for many people is a pair of Bluetooth headphones. Only a handful of phones come with good built-in speakers, and the future of the headphone jack is still in limbo. Luckily, Bluetooth headphones and earphones are getting better and better with every generation, and there are plenty of fantastic options to choose from now.

First-party vs third-party accessories

Robert Triggs / Android Authority

Before diving into the many accessories you can get for your phone, let’s first talk about who makes them. Some OEMs make their own accessories to support a particular smartphone or a range of devices. Many OEMs release cases for their phones, but some, like Samsung, have a much more comprehensive range of accessories on offer.

As the name suggests, the OEM behind your phone does not make third-party accessories. These products are intended to plug holes in the accessories market or offer an alternative to first-party options that are often significantly cheaper. Both varieties of accessories have their fair share of pros and cons, though.

Pros and cons of first-party phone accessories Pros and cons of third-party accessories

Third-party accessories have a leg up in many aspects since they often fill gaps in the accessories market. Third-party companies dominate categories like phone holders, screen protectors, microSD cards, and a slew of Bluetooth accessories. Even in areas where OEMs attempt to compete, like cases, third-party case makers boast a much more extensive range of options. These options are generally more affordable as well.

The cons with these accessories are two-fold. The generic nature of these products may not always provide the best results. Standard wireless chargers work well enough, but with some devices, you’ll see slower charging times than you’d receive with a first-party charger.

The much more significant issue is sorting through the hundreds of options available, with many coming from companies that aren’t well-known or even unheard of. Device compatibility is an overlooked issue. Buying a bad charger, cable, or power bank could have severe consequences, including potentially damaging your device. Some accessories may not work with your phone at all, so it’s essential to do your research first.

Things to look for when buying third-party accessories

Before you buy an accessory from a brand you’re not familiar with, just be sure to check for the following:

Look through owner-submitted reviews on sites like Amazon. What are people saying? Do these reviews look legit? For example, they may be paid or sponsored submissions if they are super vague and poorly written.

Look for oddities, like if the product reviews aren’t actually for the product! This surprisingly happens a lot with 3rd party accessories from obscure brands. An excellent rice cooker review is not what I want to see when trying to buy a case.

Familiarize yourself with the return policy of the product. While many products have return periods, some might only have a replacement window, so a refund won’t be possible.

We’re here to help! Android Authority has hundreds of guides to help you navigate the complex phone and device accessories world. From cases and screen protectors to phone holders and camera accessories, we have guides for everything.

Read more: How to spot fake reviews on Amazon

The best phone cases

Ryan-Thomas Shaw / Android Authority

Most smartphones nowadays feature metal or glass builds, so, keeping them safe and free from damage can be pretty tricky. A good case or cover goes a long way, even if you don’t want to hide the phone’s beautiful design. However, some cases can add some style points to it as well. From the ultra-slim to the extremely rugged, there’s a cover for everybody.

What kind of case do I need?

We can broadly divide phone cases into four categories: thin, hybrid, wallet, and rugged. These categories are mostly self-explanatory, but let’s take a quick look at what you get.

Thin cases: These cases are usually ultra-thin and don’t add any weight to the phone. The single-layer (or sometimes dual-layer) covers are made with either TPU or polycarbonate. These are perfect for anyone that wants as minimalistic a case as possible, but keep in mind that they may not always be the most protective.

Hybrid cases: Many hybrid cases are thin and light but offer a lot more protection than typical thin cases. These include anything that uses a combination of materials, like a polycarbonate back and a TPU bumper or a relatively thin dual-layer case. These cases might be feather-light ultra-thin, but some come with the same MIL-STD 810G-516.6 that you get with rugged cases.

Rugged cases: Rugged cases are big and bulky but will ensure that your phone can survive almost anything. Heavy-duty cases are usually for those that work in harsh environments or are clumsy. These types of cases are also usually coupled with belt clips and holsters and make the phone secure.

Wallet cases: Wallet cases let you keep cards, ID, and some cash while keeping your phone protected. Those with folio covers also help keep the display safe without a screen protector. Cardholder cases have less storage space, but a slimmer profile. Genuine leather wallet cases are a touch expensive but look fantastic as well.

Our recommendation: Spigen for the win

At Android Authority, we highly recommend Spigen cases. Why? They are a perfect blend of affordability and reliability. There are rarely issues with Spigen cases with the fit, and they are very good at protecting our phones. The brand also makes a variety of cases in pretty much every style and type you could dream of.

Of course, Spigen isn’t the only worthwhile brand out there. There are a lot of great options worth checking out in our roundup of the best phone case brands.

Device-specific case recommendations

Looking to get a case for a specific device? Below is a link to just some of our device-specific case recommendations:

Of course, we have hundreds of device-specific case lists, though the above are some of the most popular ones. If you can’t find what you’re looking for, be sure to hit Google.

The best screen protectors

It’s all in the name of this one. A screen protector is intended to keep the phone’s display safe from damage. Replacing a display can be quite expensive, so making sure it stays protected is a good idea.

Types of screen protectors

There are a few distinct types of screen protectors that offer varying degrees of protection. Some just help keep the screen free from scratches and other blemishes, while others will keep the display safe even if the phone falls on its face.

TPU: TPU screen protectors have been around forever and used to be the most popular option. These are flexible and work well with curved display edges, and some options even come with “self-healing” capabilities to fix very minor blemishes. They don’t affect the viewing experience or touch response much but do little more than keep the screen scratch-free. These also rely on a wet installation process that is sometimes difficult.

PET: PET is an even thinner and more minimalistic plastic film. It’ll help keep the display free from scratches, but expect nothing beyond that. PET screen protectors are easier to install too, but you might run into issues with air bubbles that take a while to fix.

Tempered glass: Tempered glass screen protectors are the best option if you want to make sure that the phone display survives a fall. These are thicker than the alternatives, and some poorly made options will severely affect the touch response and might even skewer the viewing experience. You’ll also find a variety of features here, with options like privacy screen guards available.

Do I need a screen protector? Device-specific screen protector recommendations

Looking to get a screen protector for a particular smartphone? Below is a link to a few of our device-specific case recommendations:

What phone holder should I get?

Picking the proper car mount is the hard part. There are plenty of options to choose from, with many features. Most car mounts come with one of five points of attachment — the dashboard or windshield mount, the air vent, a CD player, or the auxiliary power port (cigarette lighter port).

The CD player mount is for cars that still have a CD player (and you no longer use it.) The same holds for the auxiliary power port. This port has gone by the wayside, and USB ports have replaced it in many newer cars.

The best phone holders

iOttie One Touch 5 Car Phone Mount

Edgar Cervantes / Android Authority

iOttie is one of the best car phone holder makers, and the One Touch 5 is one of the best you can get. It’s easy to see why: the design allows for one-handed mounting in the secure holder and a full range of movement. It has a sturdy suction cup that can be placed on the car’s inside windshield, or you can use the included sticky pad to place the mount on the dashboard. Other variants let you slot the phone holder into the car’s CD player or cup holder or attach it to the air vent.

Logitech Plus Trip vent mount

Edgar Cervantes / Android Authority

This next pick takes us from a prominent car phone holder to one of the most discrete. The Logitech Plus Trip is a tiny gray disk that attaches to your air conditioning vent and uses a single magnet for stability. It’s so tiny that your phone almost appears to float once you mount it. The vent prongs house a small cable management slot. The magnetic attachment for your phone is par for the course, but it is a super affordable option that offers excellent quality, though.

Looking for more? Don’t forget to check out our roundup of the best car phone holders you can get!

The best phone charging accessories

Robert Triggs / Android Authority

A genuine panic sets in every time you see your phone battery dying and know that you won’t be able to get to your charger on time. Now that major OEMs aren’t including chargers with their flagships, it’s even more important to find the right charger for you.

Luckily, there are a bunch of charging accessories available to make sure that this isn’t a problem. From multi-port wall chargers great for travel to car chargers and many power banks, here’s a roundup of all the best phone chargers and charging accessories you’ll need.

What should you look for when choosing a third-party charger?

How fast is it going to charge? You might have gotten a power bank with a 50,000Ah battery or a wall charger with ten ports, but that will be a problem if it takes all day to charge up your device. The best options should ideally support the fast charging standards in your phone or other portable devices.

What capacity do you need? For power banks, getting one with the largest capacity might not be ideal. Portability is a concern since you don’t want to carry what is essentially a brick in your backpack. But if you need something smaller, there are a lot of great options. 10,000mAh is what we’d consider the sweet spot, but it entirely depends on what your needs are.

Does it have the correct ports for your needs? Newer or budget chargers often have less than great port options. There might be USB type-A instead of USB-C, or fast charging might not be mentioned above. Figure out which ports you have on your devices and whether the charger that catches your eye fully supports your device. Larger charging stations even let you know charge laptops.

Is the brand trustworthy? A reputable brand is more likely to last through countless charging cycles. We highly recommend Anker and AUKEY, but there are tons of other great brands. We ensure that every option on this list balances price, quality, and reputation.

What size do you need? You will also have to consider the size. Do you want something that can easily slip inside your pocket or backpack? Or do you want the most charging power encased in a big brick of a portable charger? How long should the charger cable be?

The best wall chargers

Anker Powerport III Pod

Robert Triggs / Android Authority

If you’re looking for a charger for your phone, tablet, Nintendo Switch, or even laptop, the Anker Powerport III Pod 65W is one of the best wall chargers you can get. It comes with the latest version of Anker’s Power IQ tech that ensures fast charging for most smartphones and tablets, including Samsung’s super-fast charging with its latest flagships. It’s also an impressively compact option when compared to most charging bricks.

Anker surge protector power strip


Anker is here yet again with a full-blown power strip if you want to max out your options. It plugs into the wall with a single AC outlet. On the other hand, a six-foot cable means that you can position the charging hub wherever you need it. Once you’re plugged in, you can choose from one 45W USB-C port and two 15W USB-A ports, as well as three more AC options. It’s pretty much the ultimate charging station for the flexibility that it provides. The capsule design looks pretty great on a desk as well.

The best wireless chargers

Anker PowerWave II wireless charger


The Anker PowerWave II wireless charger is similar to other affordable wireless charging pad offerings with one key difference. The pad sits at an angle and lets you view the phone’s display while charging. It’ll charge a few Android flagships at 15W. With Samsung hardware, the pad enables fast wireless charging to the tune of 10W, while iPhone charging tops out at 7.5W.

Belkin wireless charging pad


The Belkin wireless charging pad is designed to offer up to 15W of fast charging for Samsung, Apple, and Google smartphones that support it. Every other Qi-enabled device will be charged at 5W, including Apple’s Airpods and other true wireless earbuds. Since Apple doesn’t have a first-party wireless charger yet, the Belkin wireless charging pad is an excellent option to consider if you have an iPhone.

Further reading: Other wireless phone chargers worth checking out

The best car chargers

Further reading: The best car chargers you can get

The best portable power banks

Samsung 2-in-1 Portable Fast Charge Wireless

Ryan Haines / Android Authority

Samsung’s 10,000mAh charger is unique in that it includes a wireless charging pad right on top. It’s capable of fast charging a compatible Samsung phone up to 7.5W in wireless mode and 25W when connected via a USB cable. The phone is Qi-compatible which means that you should have no issue using this with other phones.

The fastest charging cables

Another high-speed cable offering from Anker is the Intel-certified Thunderbolt 3 cable. It tops out at speeds of 100W and rapid 40Gbps data transfer. If there’s a drawback, it’s that the Thunderbolt 3 is just 1.6-feet long. The Thunderbolt 3 cable is also backward compatible with previous generations of USB-C chargers.

Learn more:  Even more fast charging cables you can get

The best Bluetooth accessories

Lily Katz / Android Authority

There’s a good chance that you already have a lot of Bluetooth accessories around the house. From earphones and speakers to keyboards and gaming controllers, Bluetooth is a versatile connectivity option that lets you go completely wireless. It’s far from perfect, of course. Range and connection problems are common, and audiophiles, in particular, are a long way from coming around to Bluetooth audio.

There’s no denying the convenience of going wireless, though, and there are a bunch of Bluetooth accessories to enhance your phone experience. Let’s take a look!

The best Bluetooth earbuds

Samsung Galaxy Buds Plus

Lily Katz / Android Authority

For most people, the Samsung Galaxy Buds Plus are the best true wireless earbuds around: they’re not too expensive, afford a host of features, and boast a long battery life and pocketable charging case. Sure, these aren’t the most beautiful earbuds, but they meet the needs of most listeners. If battery life and functionality are your main concerns, in particular, the Samsung Galaxy Buds Plus is king.

Sony WF-1000XM4

Austin Kwok / Android Authority

One of the best true wireless options available is the Sony WF-1000XM4. Sony remains a veteran in the consumer audio industry, and the WF-1000XM4 buds provide best-in-class active noise cancellation. These use Bluetooth 5.2, which means you might see support for LE Audio down the road. For now, the main benefit is power efficiency: these last nearly 8 hours on a single charge, and the USB-C case supports wireless charging and can fast charge the earphones. They’re expensive, but they’re the best you can get.

The best Bluetooth speakers

JBL Charge 5


JBL is one of the top brands for Bluetooth speakers, and to no surprise, they are our top pick here as well. The Charge 5 is a perfect compromise between a speaker that sounds good but is still tough enough to bring to the beach. Like the Charge 4 before it, it’s still wrapped in an IPX7 waterproof fabric that protects it from any water damage. You can expect excellent battery life, and it charges via USB-C, which is nice for anyone looking to future-proof their devices.

Marshall Stanmore II

The Marshall Stanmore II continues the sonic legacy defined by its predecessor with upgraded amplifiers, improved Bluetooth capabilities, and additional tuning controls for a bespoke listening experience. This speaker features Marshall’s signature guitar-amp design which screams “audiophile.” However, the Stanmore II isn’t just for show, producing a sound signature that caters to virtually any genre. If you need the best of the best in terms of sound quality and are willing to pay a premium, the Stanmore II may be the speaker for you.

MicroSD cards and external storage

Edgar Cervantes / Android Authority

If you’ve recently bought a new camera, laptop, phone, or game console, it’s always good to have extra storage. As we continue to do more and more on our phones, expandable storage cards are quickly becoming one of the essential phone accessories to get.

As far as additional storage for phones is concerned, the good news is that microSD card support is once again available on a select number of new smartphones after going away entirely a few years ago. If your phone doesn’t have a microSD card slot, you can still get an external USB flash drive to address your storage needs.

What to look for when buying additional storage for your phone

Speed class: MicroSD cards are measured in speed classes: 2, 4, 6, 10, U1, and U3, although anything below class 10 is no longer worth considering. This shows the minimum write speeds, but it’s important to be aware of the theoretical maximum. The faster, the better. A standard microSD card for your mobile phone should ideally be class 10 U1, but you must look at those with a video speed class if you plan to shoot a lot of high-quality videos.

Video Speed Class: This is denoted with a V and followed by a number, representing the Mbps speed. So, a V30 card will support a minimum write speed of 30Mbps. Video Speed Class is rated as V6, V10, V30, V60, and V90. Cards labeled with a Video Speed Class are designed to support those high video resolutions like 4K, 8K, 3D, 360-degree, and virtual reality.

App performance Class: The App Performance Class denotes which MicroSD cards are best for smartphones and tablets. The A1 and A2 ratings mean that the card can open apps and process apps quickly. The A2 rating more than doubles the minimum read and write speeds available with cards rated A1.

Our recommendations

The best fitness trackers and smartwatches

Fitness trackers and smartwatches have both come a long way in a very short amount of time. Fitness trackers are no longer glorified pedometers; most standard fitness trackers can track your steps taken, distance traveled, caloric burn, workout plans, and even track your sleeping patterns.

Smartwatches take functionality to a whole other level, and some are almost an ultra-mini smartphone on your wrist. They can provide you with an effortless way to get information, allow you to dismiss or reply to new messages without having to pull out your phone, and much more.

Fitness trackers vs smartwatches

Before we get into it, let’s talk about an important distinction — smartwatches vs fitness trackers. For the sake of this article, we are referring to devices with big displays that prioritize apps and notifications as smartwatches. For devices that have smaller displays and look more like a traditional fitness band, we’ll refer to those as fitness trackers.

The best fitness trackers

Fitbit Charge 5

C. Scott Brown / Android Authority

The Fitbit Charge 5 knocks the excellent Charge 4 off its perch, but there are plenty of upgrades to look forward to. Fitbit didn’t need to do much to achieve this title again, but it fixed all our gripes with the Charge 4. Its bright OLED display and slimmer design make peeking at and wearing the band more comfortable. You also get a SpO2 sensor, EDA stress sensor, and skin temperature tracking with built-in GPS.

The only reason you should consider buying another wearable at this price point is if you want a more smartwatch-y experience. Then, we’d recommend you go for the Fitbit Versa 3 or the Fitbit Sense.

The best smartwatches

Samsung Galaxy Watch 5 series

Andy Walker / Android Authority

The Samsung Galaxy Watch 5 and Galaxy Watch 5 Pro are some of the best smartwatches you can buy if you don’t use an iPhone. Both are comfortable and feature bright AMOLED displays, plus improved battery life to get you through a few days on a single charge. The Pro model is noticeably heavier, but it’s worth the premium if you want the best Wear OS smartwatch you can buy. It is nearly double the price though, so anyone on a budget will still get a great experience out of the base Watch 5 model.

Of course, if you do have an iPhone, the Apple Watch Series 8 is unbeatable. It features a level of app integration that’s simply unmatched in the Android world.

The best mobile camera accessories

Edgar Cervantes / Android Authority

Many of today’s smartphone users utilize their phones as their primary cameras. If you are to replace your traditional camera with a phone, adding some smartphone photography accessories to your bag is recommended. These mobile photography accessories can improve your experience, as well as image quality. While good camera lenses in your phone helps, you may not even need one of the best smartphone cameras to shoot great images. Even a cheap device can produce amazing photos if given some help.

See also: The best phone photography accessories

Smartphone tripods

Further reading: Everything you need to know about smartphone tripods

The best mobile lenses

You’ll find even more options in our roundup of the best Android mobile camera lenses you can get!

The best selfie sticks

What Are The Most Useful Python Modules From The Standard Library?

The Python Standard Library is a collection of script modules that may be used by a Python program, making it unnecessary to rewrite frequently used commands and streamlining the development process. By “calling/importing” them at the start of a script, they can be used.

A module is a file that contains Python code; an ‘’ file would be a module with the name ‘coding’.We utilise modules to divide complicated programmes into smaller, more manageable pieces. Modules also allow for the reuse of code.

In the following example, a module called ‘coding’ contains a function called add() that we developed. The function receives two numbers as input and outputs their sum −

def add(b, c): # Adding two numbers and returning the result add_result = b + c return add_result

This article briefs us about most useful Python modules from the standard library.

The datetime module

We can utilise the objects that the datetime module gives us to store information about dates and times −

To generate dates without a time component, use

For times that are not related to a certain date, use datetime.time.

For objects that have both a date and an hour, use datetime.datetime.

datetime.timedelta: When we subtract one datetime from another, the outcome is a timedelta object, which stores discrepancies between dates or datetimes.

Time zone changes are represented as offsets from UTC via datetime.timezone objects. Datetime.tzinfo, of which this class is a subclass, is not intended for usage directly.


Following is an example of datetime module fo getting the current date and time −















Following is an output of the above code −

2023-08-02 11:54:17.401520 The math module

A set of mathematical functions can be found in the math module. Although they can be applied to floats or integers, their primary purpose is to be applied to floats, and they often return floats.

Use the cmath module in its place if you need to use mathematical operations on complex numbers.

There are several techniques and constants in the math chúng tôi of them are listed below −


There are several techniques and constants in the math module.

math.acos() gives a number’s arc cosine value.

The function acosh() returns the math’s inverse hyperbolic cosine.

A number is rounded to the nearest integer using math.ceil().

math.copysign() produces a float that contains the first parameter’s value and the second parameter’s sign.

math.cosh() returns a number’s hyperbolic cosine.

Angles are translated from radians to degrees using math.degrees().


math.e returns the value of Euler (2.7182…).

Return a positive floating-point infinity with math.inf.

Return a floating-point NaN (Not a Number) value is chúng tôi .

chúng tôi yields PI (3.1415…).

chúng tôi returns tau (6.2831…)


Following is an example to get pi value using math module −


math math




Following is an output of the above code −


The random module (Pseudo -random numbers)

When a set of numbers seems to be random in some way but isn’t, we refer to it as pseudo-random. Although pseudo-random number sequences are produced by a predictable algorithm, they have enough characteristics of truly random sequences to be useful in a wide range of applications.

To create pseudo-random numbers and do a few other tasks that require randomness, we can utilise Python’s random package.


Following is an example to generate a random integer between the given integers


random random









Following is an output of the above code −

493 >>> random.randint(401, 1262) 1043 >>> random.randint(401, 1262) 1037

The re module

The re module provides a set of functions that let us look for matches in a string which are as follows −

findall provides a list of all matching results.

search - If there is a match anywhere in the string split, it returns a Match object.

split provides a list that includes the string split at each match sub.

sub replaces a string with one or more matches


Characters with a specific meaning are called metacharacters. Few of them are listed below −

is used to indicate a specific sequence or to escape special characters.

. Any character apart from newlines.

^ Begins with

$ Ends with

Special sequence

A special sequence has a specific meaning and consists of a and one of the characters in the few of the lists given below −

A – If the provided characters appear at the start of the string, the function returns a match.

d – returns a match if the string includes numbers (numbers from 0-9).

S – When a white space character is NOT present in the string, a match is returned.

Z – If the provided characters are at the end of the string, it returns a match.


Following is an example to print a list of all the matches



“Python coding using re module on”
















Following is an output of the above code −

['on', 'on'] The os module

Numerous operating system functions can be carried out automatically. The OS module in Python has functions for adding and deleting folders, retrieving their contents, changing the directory, locating the current directory, and more.


Following is an example to get the current working directory −


os os






Following is an output of the above code


The io module

We can control file-related input and output activities with the help of the Python I/O module. The benefit of using the IO module is that we can enhance the capability to enable writing to the Unicode data, thanks to the classes and functions that are available.


Following is an example to open a file in the binary format for reading −


io f



















Following is an output of the above code −

b"This tutorial looks at various Python comparison techniques for two files.rnWe'll go over how to perform this typical work by using the available modulesrnreading two files, and comparing them line by line." The json module

JSON, which stands for JavaScript Object Notation, is a popular data format for online data exchange. For structuring data between a client and a server, JSON is the best format. The programming language JavaScript is comparable to this language’s syntax. Data transmission between the client and the web server is JSON’s primary goal.


Following is an example to to convert to Python from json



‘{ “Company”:”TutorialsPoint”, “year”:2006, “location”:”Hyderabad”}’









Following is an output of the above code

2006 The copy module

A group of operations known as the Copy Module are used to duplicate various list, object, array, etc. items. Both shallow and deep copies may be produced with it.

When making a shallow copy, a new object is created that contains the references to the original elements. Therefore, a shallow copy only replicates the reference to nested objects rather to actually creating a copy of the underlying objects.

Deep copies make new objects while adding copies of nested objects that were already present in the original parts.


Following is an example for creating a copy using shallow copy

















































Following is an output of the above code:

Old_list: [[5, 6, 7], [13, 14, 15], [56, 57, 58]] New_list: [[5, 6, 7], [13, 14, 15], [56, 57, 58]]

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